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Walden NURS6521 Midterm Exam Questions

Walden NURS6521 Midterm Exam QuestionsWalden NURS6521 Midterm Exam QuestionsQuestion 1 A 15-year-old boy is being carefully monitored for a skin infection and is being given ciprofloxacin. The nurse will observe for which of the following?A) ArthropathyB) ColitisC) HepatitisD) HypotensionQuestion 2 A patient has been admitted to the critical care unit of the hospital with bacterial septicemia that has failed to respond to initial antibiotic treatment. The patient’s most recent blood cultures reveal the presence of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) in the patient’s blood. The nurse will anticipate that this patient will likely require intravenous administration of what antibiotic?A) VancomycinB) Penicillin GC) CefazolinD) Doripenem (Doribax)Question 3 Mr. Laird is a 49-year-old electrician who experienced severe burns on his trunk, arms, and hands in a workplace accident 2 weeks ago. Part of his current wound care regimen involves the daily application of silver sulfadiazine to his wounds.The nurses who are providing care for Mr. Laird in the burns and plastics unit of the hospital should perform what action when administering this medication?Walden NURS6521 Midterm Exam QuestionsA) Apply a layer of silver sulfadiazine that is sufficiently thick to make the wound bed invisible.B) Cleanse the wound of debris prior to applying the silver sulfadiazineC) Apply a thin layer of the drug to Mr. Laird’s wound beds using clean technique.D) Perform thorough wound care immediately after the application of silver sulfadiazineQuestion 4 A patient is prescribed ganciclovir to treat a CMV infection. An oral dosage is prescribed. To help increase bioavailability of the drug, the nurse will encourage the patient to take the medicationA) with high-fat mealsB) with orange juiceC) on an empty stomachD) with high-protein mealsQuestion 5 A patient has endocarditis and is taking gentamicin. The nurse will be sure to monitor which of the following?A) Potassium levelB) Creatinine clearanceC) Serum albumin levelD) Prothrombin timeORDER A PLAGIARISM-FREE PAPER HEREQuestion 6 A 30-year-old woman who is in the first trimester of pregnancy has presented to her primary care provider with a 4-day history of a reddened, itchy left eye that is crusted with purulent exudate. The clinician suspects a bacterial, rather than viral, etiology. How will the patient’s pregnancy affect the potential use of ciprofloxacin to treat her conjunctivitis?A) Ciprofloxacin is safe to use in pregnancy and the patient may use to same dose and route as a nonpregnant patientB) The use of ciprofloxacin is contraindicated in pregnancyC) It is safe for the patient to use topical ciprofloxacin but the oral route is potential teratogenicD) The patient will require a lower dose and longer course of ciprofloxacin than a nonpregnant, adult patientQuestion 7 A nurse has questioned why a patient’s physician has prescribed a narrow-spectrum antibiotic rather than a broad-spectrum drug in the treatment of a patient’s infection. Which of the following facts provides the best rationale for the use of narrow-spectrum antibiotics whenever possible?A) Broad-spectrum antibiotics confound the results of subsequent culture and sensitivity testing.B) Narrow-spectrum antibiotics normally require a shorter duration of treatmentC) The efficacy of most narrow-spectrum antibiotics has not been provenD) The use of broad-spectrum antibiotics can create a risk for a superinfectionQuestion 8 A 72-year-old patient is prescribed ophthalmic ciprofloxacin for a bacterial infection in her right eye. The nurse will teach her to observe for which of the following adverse effects of the drug?Walden NURS6521 Midterm Exam QuestionsA) Lid margin crusting and pruritusB) Cognitive changesC) Nephrotoxicity and neurotoxicityD) Tendon rupturesQuestion 9 A patient has been prescribed oral tetracycline.The nurse will instruct the patient to take the drugA) on an empty stomach 1 hour before or 2 hours after taking any meals or other drugs.B) with a meal.C) with milk or fruit juice.D) at bedtime only.Question 10 A 20-year-old female patient is receiving topical clindamycin for acne vulgaris. She develops a rash and urticaria along with severe itching where the medication is applied. The nurse will formulate which of the following nursing diagnoses for the patient?A) DiarrheaB) Risk for Injury related to allergic reactionsC) Imbalanced Nutrition: Less than Body RequirementsD) Risk of Injury related to blood dyscrasiadrug therapy, including INH and rifampin. A priority assessment by the nurse will be to monitor which combination of laboratory test results?A) Serum alanine transaminase, aspartate transaminase, and bilirubinB) Red blood count, white blood count, and differentialC) Thyroid-stimulating hormone, thyroxine, and triiodothyronine levelsD) Fasting blood sugar and 2-hour postprandial blood sugarQuestion 12 An immunocompromised cancer patient has developed cryptococcal meningitis and been admitted to the intensive care unit for treatment with amphotericin B. How should the nurse most safely administer this drug?A) Hang the drug by piggyback with lactated Ringer’s and infuse over several hours to minimize the risk of infusion reactionB) Infuse the drug over 2 to 4 hours into a central line using an infusion pumpC) Flush the patient’s central line with normal saline and infuse the amphotericin B by intravenous push over 5 to 7 minutes.D) Place the patient on a constant infusion of amphotericin B at a rate determined by the patient’s body weight.Question 13 A nurse is aware that the concept of selective toxicity is foundational to antimicrobial therapy. Which of the following statements most accurately describes selective toxicity?A) A drug harms microbes without harming human cellsB) A drug’s effect on microorganisms is proportionate to doseC) Most microbes may be collected from a host and cultured on an alternative mediumD) A drug can be isolated and produced in a controlled manner in a laboratory settingQuestion 14 An immunocompromised patient in a critical care setting has developed a respiratory infection that has been attributed to methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA). The nurse should anticipate that the patient will require treatment withA) ciprofloxacinB) clindamycinC) vancomycinD) an antistaphylococcic penicillinQuestion 15 Laboratory testing has confirmed that a patient has chloroquine-resistant malaria and the patient’s physician has prescribed quinine along with an adjunctive drug. The nurse should question the physician’s order if the patient has a history ofA) osteoporosis or low bone densityB) chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)C) diabetes mellitusD) cardiac arrhythmiasQuestion 16 A 46-year-old man is receiving a quinupristin/dalfopristin IV infusion for a life-threatening infection. Which of the following would be most important for the nurse to monitor?Walden NURS6521 Midterm Exam QuestionsA) Increased heart rateB) BreathlessnessC) Infiltration, edema, or phlebitis at the infusion siteD) Nausea and vomitingQuestion 17 A patient with AIDS has developed a number of secondary infections in recent weeks, including Kaposi’s sarcoma. As a result of this most recent diagnosis, his care team has opted to begin treatment with interferon alfa-2a. The nurse is aware that this drug will address the etiology of Kaposi sarcoma byA) inhibiting tumor growth by enhancing inflammationB) potentiating the effects of phagocytes and macrophagesC) causing mutations in the DNA of cancerous cellsD) increasing the production of B cells and T cellsQuestion 18 Sulconazole has been prescribed for a patient with tinea pedis. The nurse will instruct the patient to use the topical agentA) once a dayB) twice a dayC) three times a dayD) as neededQuestion 19 Which of the following is critical to helping prevent development of resistant strains of microbes in patients?A) Limit the exposure of bacteria to an antimicrobial agentB) Keep the antimicrobial drug dosage highC) Maintain the optimum duration of the antimicrobial agentD) Maintain the maximum safe frequency of antimicrobial drug ingestionQuestion 20 Which of the following nursing actions is most important in achieving successful antimicrobial therapy with vancomycin?A) Provide maximum physical comfort to the patientB) Monitor serum drug levelC) Taper down the drug dosage graduallyD) Promote adequate intake of fluids and nutrientsQuestion 21 A patient is being treated for Mycoplasma pneumoniae pneumonia. She is allergic to penicillin and is being given azithromycin (Zithromax) in capsule form. The nurse will inform the patient that she will need to take the capsuleA) with foodB) on an empty stomachC) with or without foodD) immediately after she eatsQuestion 22 A patient is taking rifampin (Rifadin) for active TB. When discussing this drug with the patient, the nurse should stress thatA) the drug usually causes cardiac arrhythmiasB) the drug frequently causes seizure activityC) facial flushing may appear but will go away once therapy is concludedD) body fluids such as urine, saliva, tears, and sputum may become discoloredQuestion 23 A nurse is explaining the use of acyclovir therapy to a 72-year-old man. Nephrotoxicity is discussed as a major adverse effect in older patients. To minimize the risk of the patient developing this adverse effect, the nurse will advise him toA) take the tablets on an empty stomachB) decrease the drug dosage if initial symptoms of nephrotoxicity appearC) stay well hydrated by drinking at least eight 8-oz glasses of water dailyD) eat light meals every dayQuestion 24 A 9-year-old boy was bought to his primary care provider by his mother with signs and symptoms of hookworm infection and will be sent home with a prescription for mebendazole. When provided patient and family education, the nurse should teach the mother with which of the following measures to avoid reinfection following treatment?A) The importance of vigilant hygiene for the boy and the other members of the familyB) The need for the boy to provide serial stool samples for 6 months following treatmentC) The need to supplement the anthelminthic drug with prophylactic antibioticsD) The need to use prescription skin cleansers during treatment and for 6 weeks afterQuestion 25 A nurse is caring for a patient who is on amphotericin B. On morning rounds the patient reports weakness, numbness, and a tingling sensation in his feet. What would be a priority action by the nurse?A) Encourage the patient to increase fluid intakeB) Use strict aseptic technique for drug administrationC) Keep the bed in a low position and the side rails up at all timesD) Reduce the drug dosageQuestion 26 A nurse is providing education to a patient who is taking INH. The nurse will advise the patient to avoid which of the following foods?Walden NURS6521 Midterm Exam QuestionsA) Cheese, dairy products, and bananasB) Potatoes and root vegetablesC) Citrus fruitsD) Chicken and fishQuestion 27 A child is taking permethrin for head lice. The nurse will instruct her mother toA) wash her hair daily with a good shampooB) increase her daily intake of milkC) maximize the child’s fluid intakeD) stop using creams, ointments, and oils on the child’s skin and scalp.Question 28 A patient is receiving cefazolin in combination with anticoagulants. To minimize the adverse effects during therapy, the nurse willA) monitor the site of injectionB) monitor the patient for bleeding gumsC) continue therapy until 2 days after symptoms have resolvedD) administer the medication with small amounts of food and fluidsQuestion 29 Which of the following would a nurse assess for in a patient who is taking polymyxin B systemically?A) Peripheral neuropathyB) Nephrotoxicity and hepatotoxicityC) Hyperkalemia and hyponatremiaD) Endocarditis and hypertensionQuestion 30 A 30-year-old African-American woman tested positive for TB and is prescribed isoniazid. The nurse will plan the patient’s care to include close monitoring of the drug therapy becauseA) the process of drug elimination will be faster in this patientB) the therapeutic effect of the drug may be too slow to be effectiveC) the patient is at greater risk for high serum levels of the drugD) the process of drug metabolism may be faster in this patientQuestion 31 A patient is receiving long-term clindamycin therapy for a life-threatening infection. The nurse will begin by monitoring this drug therapy by obtainingA) blood glucose levels daily for 1 weekB) establishing the patient’s auditory abilitiesC) a baseline complete blood countD) liver enzymes weekly until the drug therapy is completedQuestion 32 A 45-year-old female patient is prescribed ciprofloxacin to treat a bronchial infection. A nursing assessment revealed that she started taking daily vitamin supplements about 2 years ago. To maximize the therapeutic effects of the ciprofloxacin therapy, the nurse should advise the patient toA) take the vitamins at least 2 hours before or after taking ciprofloxacinB) alternate the dosage of ciprofloxacin and vitamin supplementsC) reduce the dosage of vitamin supplementsD) reduce the dosage of vitamin supplements and double the dosage of ciprofloxacinQuestion 33 A 7-year-old child has tonsillitis and is prescribed penicillin V, which is to be administered at home. The nurse will instruct the parents to administer the drugA) with a sip of water 1 hour before mealtimeB) immediately before or with a mealC) with a glass of water 1 hour before or 2 hours after a mealD) intravenously with the assistance of a home health nurseQuestion 34 A 15-year-old patient has meningitis caused by Haemophilus influenzae. She is being treated with chloramphenicol. The most important nursing action for this patient would be to monitorA) blood sugar levels dailyB) liver enzymes monthlyC) plasma concentrations regularlyD) urine output dailyQuestion 35 A 49-year-old farmer who normally enjoys good health has become seriously ill in recent days and the results of an extensive diagnostic work up have resulted in a diagnosis of histoplasmosis. The patient has been admitted to the hospital and has begun treatment with amphotericin B. The nurse who is providing care for the patient should prioritize which of the following diagnostic results during his course of treatment?Walden NURS6521 Midterm Exam QuestionsA) Electrolytes, blood urea nitrogen, and creatinineB) Hemoglobin, hematocrit, and red blood cellsC) PT, PTT, and plateletsD) C-reactive proteindWalden NURS6521 Midterm Exam Questions

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