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NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology Assignments

NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology Assignments NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsWeek 1: Introduction to NeuroanatomyThe human brain is organized into the cerebral cortex, brainstem, subcortical structures, and the cerebellum. These anatomical structures are made of inter-connected elements that create distributed and highly inter-connected circuits. It is in these circuits where cognition, behavior, and affect are processed.—Camprodon, J. A., & Roffman, J. L. (2016, p. 6)By using a combination of psychotherapy and medication therapy, psychiatric nurse practitioners (PNP) are positioned to provide a very unique type of care to patients with psychiatric disorders. To be successful in this role, you must have a strong theoretical foundation in pathophysiology, psychopharmacology, and neuroscience. This foundation will help you assess, diagnose, and treat patients as you relate presenting symptoms to theoretical neuronal functioning. NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsThis week, as you begin to study psychopharmacology, you will explore the basic functional unit of the nervous system, the neuron. You will review the structure of the neuron and you will examine the anatomy of the central nervous system and consider the functionality of the different structure and outward (phenotypic) expression of their activities. You will analyze these concepts as you complete your short answer assessment for this week.Reference:Camprodon, J. A., & Roffman, J. L. (2016). Psychiatric neuroscience: Incorporating pathophysiology into clinical case formulation. In T. A. Stern, M. Favo, T. E. Wilens, & J. F. Rosenbaum. (Eds.), Massachusetts General Hospital psychopharmacology and neurotherapeutics (pp. 1–19). Elsevier.ORDER A PLAGIARISM-FREE PAPER HERELearning ObjectivesStudents will:Describe the functions and structures of the central nervous systemDescribe the different structures that make up the neuronExplain the function of neurons in intracellular communicationLearning ResourcesRequired Readings (click to expand/reduce)Required Media (click to expand/reduce)Optional Resources (click to expand/reduce) NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsAssignmentPracticum Manual AcknowledgmentThe Practicum Manual describes the structure and timing of the classroom-based and practicum experiences and the policies students must follow to be successful in the nurse practitioner (NP) specialties.Field Experience: MSN Nurse Practitioner Practicum ManualClick here and follow the instructions to confirm you have downloaded and read the entire MSN Nurse Practitioner Practicum Manual and will abide by the requirements described in order to successfully complete this program.Optional Discussion Forum: PMHNP Study Support LoungeThe PMHNP Study Support Lounge is offered throughout the course as a place of academic refuge, where you can ask questions, offer insights, and interact with your peers. Your Instructor may also weigh in to provide global feedback to the group based on trends, common problems, and common strengths in student posts. NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsAs a peer, you are encouraged to provide constructive, helpful feedback to your peers. Advanced practice nurses always benefit from the feedback of others. Your Study Support Lounge posts may be procedural (“How do I attach a Kaltura video to a Discussion post?”), conceptual (“How does this relate to the other therapy approaches we have studied?”), or analytical (“What do these diagnostic results actually mean in the context of this specific patient case?”). Although not mandatory, this is an opportunity to interact and study together as you navigate the assignments, so you are highly encouraged to take part in this activity. Full participation in activities like these is a statistically significant predictor of success.To Participate in this Optional Discussion:PMHNP Study Support LoungeAssignment: Short Answer AssessmentAs a psychiatric nurse practitioner, before you can recommend potential pharmacotherapeutics to address a patient’s condition or disorder, you must understand the basic function and structure of the neuron and central nervous system. For this Assignment, you will review and apply your understanding of neuroanatomy by addressing a set of short answer prompts. NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsTo Prepare:Review the Learning Resources for this week in preparation to complete this Assignment.Reflect on the basic function and structure of the neuron in relation to the central nervous system.Reflect on the inter-connectedness between neurons and the central nervous system, including the pathway and distribution of electrical impulses.Reflect on how neurons communicate with each other and review the concept of neuroplasticity.Photo Credit: Getty Images/Science Photo LibraTo complete:Address the following Short Answer prompts for your Assignment. Be sure to include references to the Learning Resources for this week.In 4 or 5 sentences, describe the anatomy of the basic unit of the nervous system, the neuron. Include each part of the neuron and a general overview of electrical impulse conduction, the pathway it travels, and the net result at the termination of the impulse. Be specific and provide examples. NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsAnswer the following (listing is acceptable for these questions):What are the major components that make up the subcortical structures?Which component plays a role in learning, memory, and addiction?What are the two key neurotransmitters located in the nigra striatal region of the brain that play a major role in motor control?In 3 or 4 sentences, explain how glia cells function in the central nervous system. Be specific and provide examples.The synapse is an area between two neurons that allows for chemical communication. In 3 or 4 sentences, explain what part of the neurons are communicating with each other and in which direction does this communication occur? Be specific.In 3–5 sentences, explain the concept of “neuroplasticity.” Be specific and provide examples.By Day 7Submit your Assignment. Rubric Detail Select Grid View or List View to change the rubric’s layout.ContentName: NURS_6630_Week1_Assignment_Rubric NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsGrid ViewList ViewExcellentPoint range: 90–100GoodPoint range: 80–89FairPoint range: 70–79PoorPoint range: 0–69In 4 or 5 sentences, describe the anatomy of the basic unit of the nervous sytem, the neuron. Include each part of the neuron and a general overview of electrical impulse conduction, the pathway it travels, and the net result at the termination of the impulse. Be specific and provide examples. NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsPoints Range: 12 (16%) – 13 (17.33%)The response accurately and clearly describes in detail the anatomy of the neuron. The response accurately and clearly describes in detail each part of the neuron, and it includes a detailed explanation of the general overview of electrical impulse conduction, the pathway it travels, and the net result at the termination of the impulse.Examples fully support the response provided.Points Range: 11 (14.67%) – 11 (14.67%)The response accurately describes the anatomy of the neuron. The response accurately describes each part of the neuron, and it includes a general overview of electrical impulse conduction, the pathway it travels, and the net result at the termination of the impulse.Examples support the response provided.Points Range: 10 (13.33%) – 10 (13.33%)The response provides an inaccurate or vague description of the anatomy of the neuron. The response inaccurately or vaguely describes each part of the neuron, and it includes an inaccurate or vague overview of electrical impulse conduction, the pathway it travels, and the net result at the termination of the impulse.Examples vaguely support the response provided. NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsPoints Range: 0 (0%) – 9 (12%)The response provides an inaccurate or incomplete description of the anatomy of the neuron, or is missing. The response inaccurately or incompletely describes each part of the neuron, and it includes an inaccurate or vague overview of electrical impulse conduction, the pathway it travels, and the net result at the termination of the impulse, or is missing.Examples do not support the response provided, or is missing.Answer the following (listing is acceptable for these questions):a. What are the major components that make up the subcortical structures?b. Which component plays a role in learning, memory, and addiction?c. What are the two key neurotransmitters located in the nigra striatal region of the brain that play a major role in motor control? NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsPoints Range: 12 (16%) – 13 (17.33%)The response accurately and clearly details the major components that make up the subcortical structures.The response accurately and clearly details which component plays a role in learning, memory, and addiction.The response accurately and clearly identifies the two neurotransmitters located in the nigra striatal region of the brain that play a major role in motor control.Points Range: 11 (14.67%) – 11 (14.67%)The response accurately identifies the major components that make up the subcortical structures.The response accurately identifies which component plays a role in learning, memory, and addiction.The response accurately identifies the two neurotransmitters located in the nigra striatal region of the brain that play a major role in motor control.Points Range: 10 (13.33%) – 10 (13.33%)The response inaccurately identifies the major components that make up the subcortical structures.The response inaccurately identifies which component plays a role in learning, memory, and addiction.The response inaccurately identifies two neurotransmitters located in the nigra striatal region of the brain that play a major role in motor control. NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsPoints Range: 0 (0%) – 9 (12%)The response inaccurately and incompletely identifies the major components that make up the subcortical structures, or is missing.The response inaccurately and incompletely identifies which component plays a role in learning, memory, and addiction, or is missing.The response inaccurately and incompletely identifies two neurotransmitters in the nigra striatal region of the brain that play a major role in motor control, or is missing.In 3 or 4 sentences, explain how glia cells function in the central nervous system. Be specific and provide examples. NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsPoints Range: 12 (16%) – 13 (17.33%)The response accurately and clearly explains in detail how glia cells function in the central nervous system.Examples fully support the response provided.Points Range: 11 (14.67%) – 11 (14.67%)The response accurately explains how glia cells function in the central nervous system.Examples support the response provided.Points Range: 10 (13.33%) – 10 (13.33%)The response inaccurately or vaguely explains how glia cells function in the central nervous system.Examples inaccurately or vaguely support the response provided.Points Range: 0 (0%) – 9 (12%)The response inaccurately and vaguely explains how glia cells function in the central nervous system, or is missing.Examples do not support the response provided, or is missing.The synapse is an area between two neurons that allows for chemical communication. In 3 or 4 sentences, explain what part of the neurons are communicating with each other and in which direction does this communication occur? Be specific. NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsPoints Range: 12 (16%) – 13 (17.33%)The response accurately and clearly explains in detail the part of the neurons that communicate with each other and the direction in which this communication occurs.Points Range: 11 (14.67%) – 11 (14.67%)The response accurately explains the part of the neurons that communicate with each other and the direction in which this communication occurs.Points Range: 10 (13.33%) – 10 (13.33%)The response inaccurately or vaguely explains the part of the neurons that communicate with each other and the direction in which this communication occurs. NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsPoints Range: 0 (0%) – 9 (12%)The response inaccurately and vaguely explains the part of the neurons that communicate with each other and the direction in which this communication occurs, or is missing.In 3–5 sentences, explain the concept of “neuroplasticity.” Be specific and provide examples.Points Range: 12 (16%) – 13 (17.33%)The response accurately and clearly explains in detail the concept of neuroplasticity.Examples provided fully support the response provided.Points Range: 11 (14.67%) – 11 (14.67%)The response accurately explains the concept of neuroplasticity.NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsExamples provided support the response provided.Points Range: 10 (13.33%) – 10 (13.33%)The response inaccurately or vaguely explains the concept of neuroplasticity.Examples inaccurately or vaguely support the response provided.Points Range: 0 (0%) – 9 (12%)The response inaccurately and vaguely explains the concept of neuroplasticity, or is missing.Examples do not support the response provided, or is missing.Written Expression and Formatting – English writing standards:Correct grammar, mechanics, and proper punctuationPoints Range: 5 (6.67%) – 5 (6.67%)Uses correct grammar, spelling, and punctuation with no errors. NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsPoints Range: 4 (5.33%) – 4 (5.33%)Contains a few (1 or 2) grammar, spelling, and punctuation errors.Points Range: 3.5 (4.67%) – 3.5 (4.67%)Contains several (3 or 4) grammar, spelling, and punctuation errors.Points Range: 0 (0%) – 2 (2.67%)Contains many (≥ 5) grammar, spelling, and punctuation errors that interfere with the reader’s understanding.Written Expression and Formatting – The paper follows correct APA format for title page, headings, font, spacing, margins, indentations, page numbers, parenthetical/in-text citations, and reference list.Points Range: 5 (6.67%) – 5 (6.67%)Uses correct APA format with no errors.Points Range: 4 (5.33%) – 4 (5.33%)Contains a few (1 or 2) APA format errors.Points Range: 3.5 (4.67%) – 3.5 (4.67%)Contains several (3 or 4) APA format errors.Points Range: 0 (0%) – 2 (2.67%)Contains many (≥ 5) APA format errors. Total Points: 75Name: NURS_6630_Week1_Assignment_RubricWeek 2: Neurotransmitters and Receptor TheoryReceptors and neurotransmitters are like a lock-and-key system. Just as it takes the right key to open a specific lock, it takes the right neurotransmitter to bind to a specific receptor. Not surprisingly, as it concerns psychopharmacology, the pharmacotherapeutics that are prescribed must trigger the release of certain neurotransmitters that bind to the correct receptors in order to elicit a favorable response for the patient. The mechanism of this binding and the response that follows reflects receptor theory and lies at the foundation of pharmacology.This week, you will continue your examination of neuroanatomy and neuroscience as you engage with you colleagues in a Discussion. You will also explore the potential impacts of foundational neuroscience on the prescription of pharmacotherapeutics. NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsLearning ObjectivesStudents will:Analyze the agonist-to-antagonist spectrum of action of psychopharmacologic agentsCompare the actions of g couple proteins to ion gated channelsAnalyze the role of epigenetics in pharmacologic actionAnalyze the impact of foundational neuroscience on the prescription of medicationsLearning ResourcesRequired Readings (click to expand/reduce)Camprodon, J. A., & Roffman, J. L. (2016). Psychiatric neuroscience: Incorporating pathophysiology into clinical case formulation. In T. A. Stern, M. Favo, T. E. Wilens, & J. F. Rosenbaum. (Eds.), Massachusetts General Hospital psychopharmacology and neurotherapeutics (pp. 1–19). Elsevier.Required Media (click to expand/reduce)The University of British Columbia. (n. d.). Neuroanatomy videos. http://neuroanatomy.ca/videos.html NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsNote: Please review all of the media under the neuroanatomy series.Optional Resources (click to expand/reduce)Pathopharmacology: Disorders of the Nervous System: Exploring the Human BrainDr. Norbert Myslinski reviews the structure and function of the human brain. Using human brains, he examines and illustrates the development of the brain and areas impacted by disorders associated with the brain. (15m)Introduction to Advanced PharmacologyIn this media presentation, Dr. Terry Buttaro, associate professor of practice at Simmons School of Nursing and Health Sciences, discusses the importance of pharmacology for the advanced practice nurse. (6m)Discussion: Foundational NeuroscienceAs a psychiatric nurse practitioner, it is essential for you to have a strong background in foundational neuroscience. In order to diagnose and treat patients, you must not only understand the pathophysiology of psychiatric disorders but also how medications for these disorders impact the central nervous system. These concepts of foundational neuroscience can be challenging to understand. Therefore, this Discussion is designed to encourage you to think through these concepts, develop a rationale for your thinking, and deepen your understanding by interacting with your colleagues. NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology Assignments Photo Credit: Getty Images/Cultura RFFor this Discussion, review the Learning Resources and reflect on the concepts of foundational neuroscience as they might apply to your role as the psychiatric mental health nurse practitioner in prescribing medications for patients.By Day 3 of Week 2Post a response to each of the following:Explain the agonist-to-antagonist spectrum of action of psychopharmacologic agents, including how partial and inverse agonist functionality may impact the efficacy of psychopharmacologic treatments.Compare and contrast the actions of g couple proteins and ion gated channels.Explain how the role of epigenetics may contribute to pharmacologic action.Explain how this information may impact the way you prescribe medications to patients. Include a specific example of a situation or case with a patient in which the psychiatric mental health nurse practitioner must be aware of the medication’s action. NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsRead a selection of your colleagues’ responses.By Day 6 of Week 2Respond to at least two of your colleagues on two different days in one of the following ways:If your colleagues’ posts influenced your understanding of these concepts, be sure to share how and why. Include additional insights you gained.If you think your colleagues might have misunderstood these concepts, offer your alternative perspective and be sure to provide an explanation for them. Include resources to support your perspective.Note: For this Discussion, you are required to complete your initial post before you will be able to view and respond to your colleagues’ postings. Begin by clicking on the “Post to Discussion Question” link and then select “Create Thread” to complete your initial post. Remember, once you click on Submit, you cannot delete or edit your own posts, and you cannot post anonymously. Please check your post carefully before clicking on Submit! Rubric Detail Select Grid View or List View to change the rubric’s layout.ContentName: NURS_6630_Week2_Discussion_Rubric NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsGrid ViewList ViewExcellentPoint range: 90–100GoodPoint range: 80–89FairPoint range: 70–79PoorPoint range: 0–69Main Posting:Response to the Discussion question is reflective with critical analysis and synthesis representative of knowledge gained from the course readings for the module and current credible sources.Points Range: 40 (40%) – 44 (44%)Thoroughly responds to the Discussion question(s).Is reflective with critical analysis and synthesis representative of knowledge gained from the course readings for the module and current credible sources.No less than 75% of post has exceptional depth and breadth.Supported by at least three current credible sources.Points Range: 35 (35%) – 39 (39%)Responds to most of the Discussion question(s). NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsIs somewhat reflective with critical analysis and synthesis representative of knowledge gained from the course readings for the module.50% of the post has exceptional depth and breadth.Supported by at least three credible references.Points Range: 31 (31%) – 34 (34%)Responds to some of the Discussion question(s).One to two criteria are not addressed or are superficially addressed.Is somewhat lacking reflection and critical analysis and synthesis.Somewhat represents knowledge gained from the course readings for the module.Post is cited with fewer than two credible references.Points Range: 0 (0%) – 30 (30%)Does not respond to the Discussion question(s).Lacks depth or superficially addresses criteria.Lacks reflection and critical analysis and synthesis.Does not represent knowledge gained from the course readings for the module.Contains only one or no credible references.Main Posting:WritingPoints Range: 6 (6%) – 6 (6%)Written clearly and concisely.Contains no grammatical or spelling errors. NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsAdheres to current APA manual writing rules and style.Points Range: 5 (5%) – 5 (5%)Written concisely.May contain one to two grammatical or spelling errors.Adheres to current APA manual writing rules and style.Points Range: 4 (4%) – 4 (4%)Written somewhat concisely.May contain more than two spelling or grammatical errors.Contains some APA formatting errors.Points Range: 0 (0%) – 3 (3%)Not written clearly or concisely.Contains more than two spelling or grammatical errors.Does not adhere to current APA manual writing rules and style.Main Posting:Timely and full participationPoints Range: 9 (9%) – 10 (10%)Meets requirements for timely, full, and active participation.Posts main Discussion by due date.Points Range: 8 (8%) – 8 (8%)Posts main Discussion by due date.Meets requirements for full participation.Points Range: 7 (7%) – 7 (7%)Posts main Discussion by due date.Points Range: 0 (0%) – 6 (6%)Does not meet requirements for full participation.Does not post main Discussion by due date.First Response:Post to colleague’s main post that is reflective and justified with credible sources.Points Range: 9 (9%) – 9 (9%)Response exhibits critical thinking and application to practice settings.Responds to questions posed by faculty.The use of scholarly sources to support ideas demonstrates synthesis and understanding of learning objectives.Points Range: 8 (8%) – 8 (8%)Response has some depth and may exhibit critical thinking or application to practice setting. NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsPoints Range: 7 (7%) – 7 (7%)Response is on topic, may have some depth.Points Range: 0 (0%) – 6 (6%)Response may not be on topic, lacks depth.First Response:WritingPoints Range: 6 (6%) – 6 (6%)Communication is professional and respectful to colleagues.Response to faculty questions are fully answered, if posed.Provides clear, concise opinions and ideas that are supported by two or more credible sources. NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsResponse is effectively written in Standard, Edited English.Points Range: 5 (5%) – 5 (5%)Communication is mostly professional and respectful to colleagues.Response to faculty questions are mostly answered, if posed.Provides opinions and ideas that are supported by few credible sources.Response is written in Standard, Edited English.Points Range: 4 (4%) – 4 (4%)Response posed in the Discussion may lack effective professional communication.Response to faculty questions are somewhat answered, if posed.Few or no credible sources are cited.Points Range: 0 (0%) – 3 (3%)Responses posted in the Discussion lack effective communication.Response to faculty questions are missing.No credible sources are cited.First Response:Timely and full participationPoints Range: 5 (5%) – 5 (5%)Meets requirements for timely, full, and active participation.Posts by due date.Points Range: 4 (4%) – 4 (4%)Meets requirements for full participation.Posts by due date.Points Range: 3 (3%) – 3 (3%)Posts by due date.Points Range: 0 (0%) – 2 (2%)Does not meet requirements for full participation.Does not post by due date.Second Response:Post to colleague’s main post that is reflective and justified with credible sources.Points Range: 9 (9%) – 9 (9%)Response exhibits critical thinking and application to practice settings.Responds to questions posed by faculty.The use of scholarly sources to support ideas demonstrates synthesis and understanding of learning objectives.Points Range: 8 (8%) – 8 (8%)Response has some depth and may exhibit critical thinking or application to practice setting. NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsPoints Range: 7 (7%) – 7 (7%)Response is on topic, may have some depth.Points Range: 0 (0%) – 6 (6%)Response may not be on topic, lacks depth.Second Response:WritingPoints Range: 6 (6%) – 6 (6%)Communication is professional and respectful to colleagues.Response to faculty questions are fully answered, if posed.Provides clear, concise opinions and ideas that are supported by two or more credible sources.Response is effectively written in Standard, Edited English.Points Range: 5 (5%) – 5 (5%)Communication is mostly professional and respectful to colleagues. NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsResponse to faculty questions are mostly answered, if posed.Provides opinions and ideas that are supported by few credible sources.Response is written in Standard, Edited English.Points Range: 4 (4%) – 4 (4%)Response posed in the Discussion may lack effective professional communication.Response to faculty questions are somewhat answered, if posed.Few or no credible sources are cited.Points Range: 0 (0%) – 3 (3%)Responses posted in the Discussion lack effective communication.Response to faculty questions are missing.No credible sources are cited.Second Response:Timely and full participationPoints Range: 5 (5%) – 5 (5%)Meets requirements for timely, full, and active participation.Posts by due date. NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsPoints Range: 4 (4%) – 4 (4%)Meets requirements for full participation.Posts by due date.Points Range: 3 (3%) – 3 (3%)Posts by due date.Points Range: 0 (0%) – 2 (2%)Does not meet requirements for full participation.Does not post by due date. Total Points: 100Name: NURS_6630_Week2_Discussion_RubricWeek 3: Concepts in Assessing Medication Adherence and Strategies to Mitigate Non-AdherencePoor adherence to psychiatric treatments is a widespread clinical problem that negatively impacts rates of treatment response and remission. While empirically-supported treatments are available for many psychiatric disorders, these treatments are not universally effective. Patients commonly face difficulties in taking prescribed psychotropic medications or attending psychotherapy sessions as recommended, and therefore may not achieve optimal outcomes.—Traeger, L., Brennan, M. M., & Herman, J. B. (2016, p. 20) This week, you will explore how medication adherence can impact a patient’s success with treatment. You will examine the epidemiology of adherence, the impact of non-adherence from a clinical and economic viewpoint, risk factors for non-adherence, assessing adherence, and integrating adherence into a treatment plan. You will also complete a Quiz to test your understanding of this module’s content.Reference:Traeger, L., Brennan, M. M., & Herman, J. B. (2016). Treatment adherence. In T. A. Stern, M. Favo, T. E. Wilens, & J. F. Rosenbaum. (Eds.), Massachusetts General Hospital psychopharmacology and neurotherapeutics (pp. 20–26). Elsevier.Learning ObjectiveStudents will:Identify concepts related to neuroanatomy, receptor theory, and medication adherence in psychopharmacologyLearning Resources NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsRequired Readings (click to expand/reduce)Traeger, L., Brennan, M. M., & Herman, J. B. (2016). Treatment adherence. In T. A. Stern, M. Favo, T. E. Wilens, & J. F. Rosenbaum. (Eds.), Massachusetts General Hospital psychopharmacology and neurotherapeutics (pp. 20–26). Elsevier.Fialko, L., Garety, P. A., Kuipers, E., Dunn, G., Bebbington, P. E., Fowler, D., & Freeman, D. (2008). A large-scale validation study of the medication adherence rating scale (MARS). Schizophrenia Research, 100(1–3), 53–59. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.schres.2007.10.029LaMorte, W. W. (2019). The transtheoretical model (stages of change). Boston University School of Public Health. https://sphweb.bumc.bu.edu/otlt/MPH-Modules/SB/BehavioralChangeTheories/BehavioralChangeTheories6.htmlThe transtheoretical model of health behavior change by Prochaska, J. O., & Velicer, W. F., in American Journal of Health Promotion, Vol. 12/ Issue 1.Copyright 1997 by Sage Publications, Inc.Reprinted by permission of Sage Publications, Inc. via the Copyright Clearance Center.Required Media (click to expand/reduce)Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2017). Overcoming barriers to medication adherence for chronic diseases [Video]. https://www.cdc.gov/grand-rounds/pp/2017/20170221-medication-adherence.htmlQuiz: Neurobiology and Medication Adherence Concepts Photo Credit: Getty ImagesBy Day 7Complete the 20-question Quiz to gauge your understanding of this module’s content. NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsSubmission InformationSubmit Your Quiz by Day 7Week 4: Therapy for Patients With Major Depressive Disorder (MDD)Mood disorders can impact every facet of a human being’s life, making the most basic activities difficult for patients and their families. This was the case for 13-year-old Jeanette, who was struggling at home and at school. For more than 8 years, Jeanette suffered from temper tantrums, impulsiveness, inappropriate behavior, difficulty in judgment, and sleep issues.As a PNP working with pediatric patients, you must be able to assess whether these symptoms are caused by psychological, social, or underlying growth and development issues. You must then be able recommend appropriate therapies.This week, as you examine antidepressant therapies, you explore the assessment and treatment of three populations: pediatrics, adults, and geriatrics. The focus of your assessment tool, a decision tree, will specifically center on one of the most vulnerable populations, pediatrics. Please remember, you must also consider the ethical and legal implications of these therapies. You will also complete a Quiz on the concepts addressed throughout this module.Learning ObjectivesStudents will: NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsAssess patient factors and history to develop personalized plans of antidepressant therapy across the lifespanAnalyze factors that influence pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic processes in pediatric, adult, and geriatric patients requiring antidepressant therapySynthesize knowledge of providing care to pediatric, adult, and geriatric patients presenting for antidepressant therapyAnalyze ethical and legal implications related to prescribing antidepressant therapy to patients across the lifespanLearning ResourcesRequired Readings (click to expand/reduce)Baek, J. H., Nierenberg, A. A., & Fava, M. (2016). Pharmacological approaches to treatment-resistant depression. In T. A. Stern, M. Favo, T. E. Wilens, & J. F. Rosenbaum. (Eds.), Massachusetts General Hospital psychopharmacology and neurotherapeutics (pp. 44–47). Elsevier.Fava, M., & Papakostas, G. I. (2016). Antidepressants. In T. A. Stern, M. Favo, T. E. Wilens, & J. F. Rosenbaum. (Eds.), Massachusetts General Hospital psychopharmacology and neurotherapeutics (pp. 27–43). Elsevier.American Psychiatric Association. (2013). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (5th ed.). https://doi.org/10.1176/appi.books.9780890425596Howland, R. H. (2008a). Sequenced Treatment Alternatives to Relieve Depression (STAR*D). Part 1: Study design. Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services, 46(9), 21–24. https://doi.org/10.3928/02793695-20080901-06 NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsHowland, R. H. (2008b). Sequenced Treatment Alternatives to Relieve Depression (STAR*D). Part 2: Study outcomes. Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services, 46(10), 21–24. https://doi.org/10.3928/02793695-20081001-05Lorberg, B., Davico, C., Martsenkovskyi, D., & Vitiello, B. (2019).  Principles in using psychotropic medication in children and adolescents. In J. M. Rey & A. Martin (Eds.), IACAPAP e-textbook of child and adolescent mental health. https://iacapap.org/_Resources/Persistent/a97650fb538f47bb697c47873b0e58d493684a07/A.7-Psychopharmacology-2019.1.pdfMagellan Health. (2013). Appropriate use of psychotropic drugs in children and adolescents: A clinical monograph. http://www.magellanhealth.com/media/445492/magellan-psychotropicdrugs-0203141.pdfPoznanski, E. O., & Mokros, H. B. (1996). Child depression rating scale—Revised. Western Psychological Services.Rao, U. (2013). Biomarkers in pediatric depression. Depression & Anxiety, 30(9), 787–791. https://doi.org/10.1002/da.22171Yasuda, S. U., Zhang, L. & Huang, S.-M. (2008). The role of ethnicity in variability in response to drugs: Focus on clinical pharmacology studies. Clinical Pharmacology & Therapeutics, 84(3), 417–423. https://web.archive.org/web/20170809004704/https://www.fda.gov/downloads/Drugs/ScienceResearch/…/UCM085502.pdfMedication Resources (click to expand/reduce)U.S. Food & Drug Administration. (n.d.). Drugs@FDA: FDA-approved drugs. https://www.accessdata.fda.gov/scripts/cder/daf/index.cfmNote: To access the following medications, use the Drugs@FDA resource. Type the name of each medication in the keyword search bar. Select the hyperlink related to the medication name you searched. Review the supplements provided and select the package label resource file associated with the medication you searched. If a label is not available, you may need to conduct a general search outside of this resource provided. Be sure to review the label information for each medication as this information will be helpful for your review in preparation for your Assignments. NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsReview the following medications: amitriptylinebupropioncitalopramclomipraminedesipraminedesvenlafaxinedoxepinduloxetineescitalopramfluoxetinefluvoxamineimipramineketaminemirtazapinenortriptylineparoxetineselegilinesertralinetrazodonevenlafaxinevilazodonevortioxetine Required Media (click to expand/reduce)Case Study: An African American Child Suffering from DepressionNote: This case study will serve as the foundation for this week’s Assignment.Optional Resources (click to expand/reduce)Assignment: Assessing and Treating Pediatric Patients With Mood DisordersWhen pediatric patients present with mood disorders, the process of assessing, diagnosing, and treating them can be quite complex. Children not only present with different signs and symptoms than adult patients with the same disorders, they also metabolize medications much differently. Yet, there may be times when the same psychopharmacologic treatments may be used in both pediatric and adult cases with major depressive disorders. As a result, psychiatric nurse practitioners must exercise caution when prescribing psychotropic medications to these patients. For this Assignment, as you examine the patient case study in this week’s Learning Resources, consider how you might assess and treat pediatric patients presenting with mood disorders. NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsTo prepare for this Assignment:Review this week’s Learning Resources, including the Medication Resources indicated for this week.Reflect on the psychopharmacologic treatments you might recommend for the assessment and treatment of pediatric patients requiring antidepressant therapy.The Assignment: 5 pagesExamine Case Study: An African American Child Suffering From Depression. You will be asked to make three decisions concerning the medication to prescribe to this patient. Be sure to consider factors that might impact the patient’s pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic processes.At each decision point, you should evaluate all options before selecting your decision and moving throughout the exercise. Before you make your decision, make sure that you have researched each option and that you evaluate the decision that you will select. Be sure to research each option using the primary literature. NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsIntroduction to the case (1 page)Briefly explain and summarize the case for this Assignment. Be sure to include the specific patient factors that may impact your decision making when prescribing medication for this patient.Decision #1 (1 page)Which decision did you select?Why did you select this decision? Be specific and support your response with clinically relevant and patient-specific resources, including the primary literature.Why did you not select the other two options provided in the exercise? Be specific and support your response with clinically relevant and patient-specific resources, including the primary literature.What were you hoping to achieve by making this decision? Support your response with evidence and references to the Learning Resources (including the primary literature).Explain how ethical considerations may impact your treatment plan and communication with patients. Be specific and provide examples. NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsDecision #2 (1 page)Why did you select this decision? Be specific and support your response with clinically relevant and patient-specific resources, including the primary literature.Why did you not select the other two options provided in the exercise? Be specific and support your response with clinically relevant and patient-specific resources, including the primary literature.What were you hoping to achieve by making this decision? Support your response with evidence and references to the Learning Resources (including the primary literature).Explain how ethical considerations may impact your treatment plan and communication with patients. Be specific and provide examples.Decision #3 (1 page)Why did you select this decision? Be specific and support your response with clinically relevant and patient-specific resources, including the primary literature.Why did you not select the other two options provided in the exercise? Be specific and support your response with clinically relevant and patient-specific resources, including the primary literature.What were you hoping to achieve by making this decision? Support your response with evidence and references to the Learning Resources (including the primary literature).Explain how ethical considerations may impact your treatment plan and communication with patients. Be specific and provide examples. NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsConclusion (1 page)Summarize your recommendations on the treatment options you selected for this patient. Be sure to justify your recommendations and support your response with clinically relevant and patient-specific resources, including the primary literature.Note: Support your rationale with a minimum of five academic resources. While you may use the course text to support your rationale, it will not count toward the resource requirement. You should be utilizing the primary and secondary literature.Reminder : The College of Nursing requires that all papers submitted include a title page, introduction, summary, and references. The Sample Paper provided at the Walden Writing Center provides an example of those required elements (available at https://academicguides.waldenu.edu/writingcenter/templates/general#s-lg-box-20293632).All papers submitted must use this formatting.By Day 7Submit your Assignment. Rubric Detail Select Grid View or List View to change the rubric’s layout.ContentName: NURS_6630_Week4_Assignment_Rubric NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsGrid ViewList ViewExcellentPoint range: 90–100GoodPoint range: 80–89FairPoint range: 70–79PoorPoint range: 0–69Introduction to the case (1 page)Briefly explain and summarize the case for this Assignment. Be sure to include the specific patient factors that may impact your decision making when prescribing medication for this patient.Points Range: 9 (9%) – 10 (10%)The response accurately, clearly, and fully summarizes in detail the case for the Assignment.The response accurately and clearly explains in detail the specific patient factors that impact decision making when prescribing medication for this patient. NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsPoints Range: 8 (8%) – 8 (8%)The response accurately summarizes the case for the Assignment.The response accurately explains the specific patient factors that impact decision making with prescribing medication for this patient.Points Range: 7 (7%) – 7 (7%)The response inaccurately or vaguely summarizes the case for the Assignment.The response inaccurately or vaguely explains the specific patient factors that impact decision making with prescribing medication for this patient. NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsPoints Range: 0 (0%) – 6 (6%)The response inaccurately and vaguely summarizes the case for the Assignment, or is missing.The response inaccurately and vaguely explains the specific patient factors that impact decision making with prescribing medication for this patient.Decision #1 (1–2 pages)• Which decision did you select?• Why did you select this decision? Be specific and support your response with clinically relevant and patient-specific resources, including the primary literature.• Why did you not select the other two options provided in the exercise? Be specific and support your response with clinically relevant and patient-specific resources, including the primary literature.• What were you hoping to achieve by making this decision? Support your response with evidence and references to the Learning Resources (including the primary literature).• Explain how ethical considerations may impact your treatment plan and communication with patients. Be specific and provide examples.Points Range: 18 (18%) – 20 (20%)The response accurately and clearly explains in detail the decision selected.The response accurately and clearly explains in detail why the decision was selected, with specific clinically relevant resources that fully support the decision selected.NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsThe response accurately and clearly explains in detail why the other two responses were not selected, with specific clinically relevant resources that fully support the response.The response accurately and clearly explains in detail the outcome the student was hoping to achieve with the selected decision, with specific clinically relevant resources that fully support the response.NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsThe response accurately and clearly explains in detail how ethical considerations impact the treatment plan and communication with patients.Examples provided fully support the decisions and responses provided.Points Range: 16 (16%) – 17 (17%)The response accurately explains the decision selected.The response explains why the decision was selected, with specific clinically relevant resources that support the decision selected.The response accurately explains why the other two responses were not selected, with specific clinically relevant resources that support the response.The response accurately explains the outcome the student was hoping to achieve with the selected decision, with specific clinically relevant resources that support the response.The response accurately explains how ethical considerations impact the treatment plan and communication with patients.Examples provided support the decisions and responses provided.Points Range: 14 (14%) – 15 (15%)The response inaccurately or vaguely explains the decision selected.The response inaccurately or vaguely explains why the decision was selected, with specific clinically relevant resources that inaccurately or vaguely support the decision selected.The response inaccurately or vaguely explains why the other two responses were not selected, with specific clinically relevant resources that inaccurately or vaguely support the response.The response inaccurately or vaguely explains the outcome the student was hoping to achieve with the selected decision, with specific clinically relevant resources that inaccurately or vaguely support the response.The response inaccurately or vaguely explains how ethical considerations impact the treatment plan and communication with patients.Examples provided may support the decisions and responses provided.Points Range: 0 (0%) – 13 (13%)The response inaccurately and vaguely explains the decision selected.The response inaccurately and vaguely explains why the decision was selected, with specific clinically relevant resources that do not support the decision selected, or is missing.The response inaccurately and vaguely explains why the other two responses were not selected, with specific clinically relevant resources that do not support the decision selected, or is missing.The response inaccurately and vaguely explains the outcome the student was hoping to achieve with the selected decision, with specific clinically relevant resources that do not support the response, or is missing.The response inaccurately and vaguely explains how ethical considerations impact the treatment plan and communication with patients, or is missing.Examples provided do not support the decisions and responses provided, or is missing.Decision #2 (1–2 pages)• Which decision did you select?• Why did you select this decision? Be specific and support your response with clinically relevant and patient-specific resources, including the primary literature.• Why did you not select the other two options provided in the exercise? Be specific and support your response with clinically relevant and patient-specific resources, including the primary literature.• What were you hoping to achieve by making this decision? Support your response with evidence and references to the Learning Resources (including the primary literature).• Explain how ethical considerations may impact your treatment plan and communication with patients. Be specific and provide examples.Points Range: 18 (18%) – 20 (20%)The response accurately and clearly explains in detail the decision selected.The response accurately and clearly explains in detail why the decision was selected, with specific clinically relevant resources that fully support the decision selected. NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsThe response accurately and clearly explains in detail why the other two responses were not selected, with specific clinically relevant resources that fully support the response.The response accurately and clearly explains in detail the outcome the student was hoping to achieve with the selected decision, with specific clinically relevant resources that fully support the response. NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsThe response accurately and clearly explains in detail how ethical considerations impact the treatment plan and communication with patients.Examples provided fully support the decisions and responses provided.Points Range: 16 (16%) – 17 (17%)The response accurately explains the decision selected.The response explains why the decision was selected, with specific clinically relevant resources that support the decision selected.The response accurately explains why the other two responses were not selected, with specific clinically relevant resources that support the response.The response accurately explains the outcome the student was hoping to achieve with the selected decision, with specific clinically relevant resources that support the response.The response accurately explains how ethical considerations impact the treatment plan and communication with patients.Examples provided support the decisions and responses provided.Points Range: 14 (14%) – 15 (15%)The response inaccurately or vaguely explains the decision selected.The response inaccurately or vaguely explains why the decision was selected, with specific clinically relevant resources that inaccurately or vaguely support the decision selected.The response inaccurately or vaguely explains why the other two responses were not selected, with specific clinically relevant resources that inaccurately or vaguely support the response.The response inaccurately or vaguely explains the outcome the student was hoping to achieve with the selected decision, with specific clinically relevant resources that inaccurately or vaguely support the response.The response inaccurately or vaguely explains how ethical considerations impact the treatment plan and communication with patients.Examples provided may support the decisions and responses provided.Points Range: 0 (0%) – 13 (13%)The response inaccurately and vaguely explains in detail the decision selected.The response inaccurately and vaguely explains why the decision was selected, with specific clinically relevant resources that do not support the decision selected, or is missing. NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsThe response inaccurately and vaguely explains why the other two responses were not selected, with specific clinically relevant resources that do not support the decision selected, or is missing.The response inaccurately and vaguely explains the outcome the student was hoping to achieve with the selected decision, with specific clinically relevant resources that do not support the response, or is missing. NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsThe response inaccurately and vaguely explains how ethical considerations impact the treatment plan and communication with patients, or is missing.Examples provided do not support the decisions and responses provided, or is missing.Decision #3 (1–2 pages)• Which decision did you select?• Why did you select this decision? Be specific and support your response with clinically relevant and patient-specific resources, including the primary literature.• Why did you not select the other two options provided in the exercise? Be specific and support your response with clinically relevant and patient-specific resources, including the primary literature.• What were you hoping to achieve by making this decision? Support your response with evidence and references to the Learning Resources (including the primary literature).• Explain how ethical considerations may impact your treatment plan and communication with patients. Be specific and provide examples. NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsPoints Range: 18 (18%) – 20 (20%)The response accurately and clearly explains in detail the decision selected.The response accurately and clearly explains in detail why the decision was selected, with specific clinically relevant resources that fully support the decision selected.The response accurately and clearly explains in detail why the other two responses were not selected, with specific clinically relevant resources that fully support the response.The response accurately and clearly explains in detail the outcome the student was hoping to achieve with the selected decision, with specific clinically relevant resources that fully support the response. NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsThe response accurately and clearly explains in detail how ethical considerations impact the treatment plan and communication with patients.Examples provided fully support the decisions and responses provided.Points Range: 16 (16%) – 17 (17%)The response accurately explains the decision selected.The response explains why the decision was selected, with specific clinically relevant resources that support the decision selected.The response accurately explains why the other two responses were not selected, with specific clinically relevant resources that support the response.The response accurately explains the outcome the student was hoping to achieve with the selected decision, with specific clinically relevant resources that support the response.The response accurately explains how ethical considerations impact the treatment plan and communication with patients.Examples provided support the decisions and responses provided. NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsPoints Range: 14 (14%) – 15 (15%)The response inaccurately or vaguely explains the decision selected.The response inaccurately or vaguely explains why the decision was selected, with specific clinically relevant resources that inaccurately or vaguely support the decision selected.The response inaccurately or vaguely explains why the other two responses were not selected, with specific clinically relevant resources that inaccurately or vaguely support the response.The response inaccurately or vaguely explains the outcome the student was hoping to achieve with the selected decision, with specific clinically relevant resources that inaccurately or vaguely support the response.The response inaccurately or vaguely explains how ethical considerations impact the treatment plan and communication with patients.Examples provided may support the decisions and responses provided.Points Range: 0 (0%) – 13 (13%)The response inaccurately and vaguely explains in detail the decision selected.The response inaccurately and vaguely explains why the decision was selected, with specific clinically relevant resources that do not support the decision selected, or is missing.The response inaccurately and vaguely explains why the other two responses were not selected, with specific clinically relevant resources that do not support the decision selected, or is missing.The response inaccurately and vaguely explains the outcome the student was hoping to achieve with the selected decision, with specific clinically relevant resources that do not support the response, or is missing. NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsThe response inaccurately and vaguely explains how ethical considerations impact the treatment plan and communication with patients, or is missing.Examples provided do not support the decisions and responses provided, or is missing.Conclusion (1 page)• Summarize your recommendations on the treatment options you selected for this patient. Be sure to justify your recommendations and support your response with clinically relevant and patient-specific resources, including the primary literature.Points Range: 14 (14%) – 15 (15%)The response accurately and clearly summarizes in detail the recommendations on the treatment options selected for this patient. NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsThe response accurately and clearly explains a justification for the recommendations provided, including clinically relevant resources that fully support the recommendations provided.Points Range: 12 (12%) – 13 (13%)The response accurately summarizes the recommendations on the treatment options selected for this patient.The response accurately explains a justification for the recommendation provided, including clinically relevant resources that support the recommendations provided. NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsPoints Range: 11 (11%) – 11 (11%)The response inaccurately or vaguely summarizes the recommendations on the treatment options selected for this patient.The response inaccurately or vaguely explains a justification for the recommendations provided, including clinically relevant resources that inaccurately or vaguely support the recommendations provided.Points Range: 0 (0%) – 10 (10%)The response inaccurately and vaguely summarizes the recommendations on the treatment options selected for this patient, or is missing.The response inaccurately and vaguely explains a justification for the recommendations provided, including clinically relevant resources that do not support the recommendations provided, or is missing.Written Expression and Formatting – Paragraph Development and Organization:Paragraphs make clear points that support well-developed ideas, flow logically, and demonstrate continuity of ideas. Sentences are carefully focused—neither long and rambling nor short and lacking substance. A clear and comprehensive purpose statement and introduction are provided that delineate all required criteria.Points Range: 5 (5%) – 5 (5%)Paragraphs and sentences follow writing standards for flow, continuity, and clarity. NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsA clear and comprehensive purpose statement, introduction, and conclusion are provided that delineate all required criteria.Points Range: 4 (4%) – 4 (4%)Paragraphs and sentences follow writing standards for flow, continuity, and clarity 80% of the time.Purpose, introduction, and conclusion of the assignment are stated, yet they are brief and not descriptive.Points Range: 3.5 (3.5%) – 3.5 (3.5%)Paragraphs and sentences follow writing standards for flow, continuity, and clarity 60%–79% of the time.Purpose, introduction, and conclusion of the assignment is vague or off topic.Points Range: 0 (0%) – 3 (3%)Paragraphs and sentences follow writing standards for flow, continuity, and clarity < 60% of the time. NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsNo purpose statement, introduction, or conclusion were provided.Written Expression and Formatting – English writing standards:Correct grammar, mechanics, and proper punctuationPoints Range: 5 (5%) – 5 (5%)Uses correct grammar, spelling, and punctuation with no errors.Points Range: 4 (4%) – 4 (4%)Contains a few (1 or 2) grammar, spelling, and punctuation errors.Points Range: 3.5 (3.5%) – 3.5 (3.5%)Contains several (3 or 4) grammar, spelling, and punctuation errors.Points Range: 0 (0%) – 3 (3%)Contains many (≥ 5) grammar, spelling, and punctuation errors that interfere with the reader’s understanding.Written Expression and Formatting – The paper follows correct APA format for title page, headings, font, spacing, margins, indentations, page numbers, parenthetical/in-text citations, and reference list. NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsPoints Range: 5 (5%) – 5 (5%)Uses correct APA format with no errors.Points Range: 4 (4%) – 4 (4%)Contains a few (1 or 2) APA format errors.Points Range: 3.5 (3.5%) – 3.5 (3.5%)Contains several (3 or 4) APA format errors.Points Range: 0 (0%) – 3 (3%)Contains many (≥ 5) APA format errors. Total Points: 100Name: NURS_6630_Week4_Assignment_RubricWeek 5: Therapy for Patients With Bipolar DisordersMarcus, an 18-year-old high school senior, presents with symptoms of difficulty sleeping and feeling sad, which result in an initial diagnosis of depression. His mother later reports, however, that Marcus exhibits symptoms of irritability and risk-taking behaviors. (His little brother reported to his mother that they were driving over 90 miles an hour on the highway.) After further evaluation, Marcus’ psychiatric nurse practitioner diagnoses him with bipolar disorder.Cases like this are not uncommon with bipolar disorder, as initial assessments rarely provide all the information needed. In your role, as a psychiatric nurse practitioner, you must develop strategies for properly assessing and diagnosing these patients because treatments for bipolar disorder are significantly different than treatments for depression or other mood disorders.This week, as you examine bipolar therapies, you explore the assessment and treatment of patients with bipolar disorder. You also consider ethical and legal implications of these therapies. NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsLearning ObjectivesStudents will:Assess patient factors and history to develop personalized plans of bipolar therapy for patientsAnalyze factors that influence pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic processes in patients requiring bipolar therapySynthesize knowledge of providing care to patients presenting for bipolar therapyAnalyze ethical and legal implications related to prescribing bipolar therapy to patients across the life spanLearning ResourcesRequired Readings (click to expand/reduce)Ostacher, M. J., & Hsin, H. (2016). The use of antiepileptic drugs in psychiatry. In T. A. Stern, M. Favo, T. E. Wilens, & J. F. Rosenbaum. (Eds.), Massachusetts General Hospital psychopharmacology and neurotherapeutics (pp. 93–98). Elsevier.Perlis, R. H., & Ostacher, M. J. (2016a). Bipolar disorder. In T. A. Stern, M. Favo, T. E. Wilens, & J. F. Rosenbaum. (Eds.), Massachusetts General Hospital psychopharmacology and neurotherapeutics (pp. 48–60). Elsevier. NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsPerlis, R. H., & Ostacher, M. J. (2016b). Lithium and its role in psychiatry. In T. A. Stern, M. Favo, T. E. Wilens, & J. F. Rosenbaum. (Eds.), Massachusetts General Hospital psychopharmacology and neurotherapeutics (pp. 86–92). Elsevier.Traeger, L., Brennan, M. M., & Herman, J. B. (2016). Treatment adherence. In T. A. Stern, M. Favo, T. E. Wilens, & J. F. Rosenbaum. (Eds.), Massachusetts General Hospital psychopharmacology and neurotherapeutics (pp. 20–26). Elsevier.American Psychiatric Association. (2010b). Practice guideline for the treatment of patients with bipolar disorder (2nd ed.). https://psychiatryonline.org/pb/assets/raw/sitewide/practice_guidelines/guidelines/bipolar.pdfChen, R., Wang, H., Shi, J., Shen, K., & Hu, P. (2015). Cytochrome P450 2D6 genotype affects the pharmacokinetics of controlled-release paroxetine in healthy Chinese subjects: Comparison of traditional phenotype and activity score systems. European Journal of Clinical Pharmacology, 71(7), 835–841. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00228-015-1855-6Hirschfeld, R. M. A. (n.d.). Guideline watch: Practice guideline for the treatment of patients with bipolar disorder (2nd ed.).  https://psychiatryonline.org/pb/assets/raw/sitewide/practice_guidelines/guidelines/bipolar-watch.pdfVitiello, B. (2013). How effective are the current treatments for children diagnosed with manic/mixed bipolar disorder? CNS Drugs, 27(5), 331–333. https://doi.org/10.1007/s40263-013-0060-3Medication Resources (click to expand/reduce)Required Media (click to expand/reduce)Optional Resources (click to expand/reduce)Assignment: Assessing and Treating Patients With Bipolar DisorderBipolar disorder is a unique disorder that causes shifts in mood and energy, which results in depression and mania for patients. Proper diagnosis of this disorder is often a challenge for two reasons: 1) patients often present as depressive or manic but may have both; and 2) many symptoms of bipolar disorder are similar to other disorders. Misdiagnosis is common, making it essential for you to have a deep understanding of the disorder’s pathophysiology. For this Assignment, as you examine the patient case study in this week’s Learning Resources, consider how you might assess and treat patients presenting with bipolar disorder.To prepare for this Assignment:Review this week’s Learning Resources, including the Medication Resources indicated for this week.Reflect on the psychopharmacologic treatments you might recommend for the assessment and treatment of patients requiring bipolar therapy. NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsThe Assignment: 5 pagesExamine Case Study: An Asian American Woman. Diagnosis-Bipolar Disorder. You will be asked to make three decisions concerning the medication to prescribe to this patient. Be sure to consider factors that might impact the patient’s pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic processes.At each decision point, you should evaluate all options before selecting your decision and moving throughout the exercise. Before you make your decision, make sure that you have researched each option and that you evaluate the decision that you will select. Be sure to research each option using the primary literature.Introduction to the case (1 page)Briefly explain and summarize the case for this Assignment. Be sure to include the specific patient factors that may impact your decision making when prescribing medication for this patient.Decision #1 (1 page)Which decision did you select?Why did you select this decision? Be specific and support your response with clinically relevant and patient-specific resources, including the primary literature. NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsWhy did you not select the other two options provided in the exercise? Be specific and support your response with clinically relevant and patient-specific resources, including the primary literature.What were you hoping to achieve by making this decision? Support your response with evidence and references to the Learning Resources (including the primary literature).Explain how ethical considerations may impact your treatment plan and communication with patients. Be specific and provide examples.Decision #2 (1 page)Why did you select this decision? Be specific and support your response with clinically relevant and patient-specific resources, including the primary literature.Why did you not select the other two options provided in the exercise? Be specific and support your response with clinically relevant and patient-specific resources, including the primary literature.What were you hoping to achieve by making this decision? Support your response with evidence and references to the Learning Resources (including the primary literature).Explain how ethical considerations may impact your treatment plan and communication with patients. Be specific and provide examples. NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsDecision #3 (1 page)Why did you select this decision? Be specific and support your response with clinically relevant and patient-specific resources, including the primary literature.Why did you not select the other two options provided in the exercise? Be specific and support your response with clinically relevant and patient-specific resources, including the primary literature.What were you hoping to achieve by making this decision? Support your response with evidence and references to the Learning Resources (including the primary literature).Explain how ethical considerations may impact your treatment plan and communication with patients. Be specific and provide examples. NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsConclusion (1 page)Summarize your recommendations on the treatment options you selected for this patient. Be sure to justify your recommendations and support your response with clinically relevant and patient-specific resources, including the primary literature.Note: Support your rationale with a minimum of five academic resources. While you may use the course text to support your rationale, it will not count toward the resource requirement. You should be utilizing the primary and secondary literature.Reminder: The College of Nursing requires that all papers submitted include a title page, introduction, summary, and references. The Sample Paper provided at the Walden Writing Center provides an example of those required elements (available athttps://academicguides.waldenu.edu/writingcenter/templates/general#s-lg-box-20293632). All papers submitted must use this formatting.By Day 7Submit your Assignment. Rubric Detail Select Grid View or List View to change the rubric’s layout.ContentName: NURS_6630_Week5_Assignment_Rubric NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsGrid ViewList ViewExcellentPoint range: 90–100GoodPoint range: 80–89FairPoint range: 70–79PoorPoint range: 0–69Introduction to the case (1 page)Briefly explain and summarize the case for this Assignment. Be sure to include the specific patient factors that may impact your decision making when prescribing medication for this patient. NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology Assignments NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsPoints Range: 9 (9%) – 10 (10%)The response accurately, clearly, and fully summarizes in detail the case for the Assignment.The response accurately and clearly explains in detail the specific patient factors that impact decision making when prescribing medication for this patient.Points Range: 8 (8%) – 8 (8%)The response accurately summarizes the case for the Assignment.The response accurately explains the specific patient factors that impact decision making with prescribing medication for this patient.Points Range: 7 (7%) – 7 (7%)The response inaccurately or vaguely summarizes the case for the Assignment. NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsThe response inaccurately or vaguely explains the specific patient factors that impact decision making with prescribing medication for this patient. NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsPoints Range: 0 (0%) – 6 (6%)The response inaccurately and vaguely summarizes the case for the Assignment, or is missing.The response inaccurately and vaguely explains the specific patient factors that impact decision making with prescribing medication for this patient.Decision #1 (1–2 pages)• Which decision did you select?• Why did you select this decision? Be specific and support your response with clinically relevant and patient-specific resources, including the primary literature.• Why did you not select the other two options provided in the exercise? Be specific and support your response with clinically relevant and patient-specific resources, including the primary literature.• What were you hoping to achieve by making this decision? Support your response with evidence and references to the Learning Resources (including the primary literature).• Explain how ethical considerations may impact your treatment plan and communication with patients. Be specific and provide examples.Points Range: 18 (18%) – 20 (20%)The response accurately and clearly explains in detail the decision selected.NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsThe response accurately and clearly explains in detail why the decision was selected, with specific clinically relevant resources that fully support the decision selected.The response accurately and clearly explains in detail why the other two responses were not selected, with specific clinically relevant resources that fully support the response.NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsThe response accurately and clearly explains in detail the outcome the student was hoping to achieve with the selected decision, with specific clinically relevant resources that fully support the response.NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsThe response accurately and clearly explains in detail how ethical considerations impact the treatment plan and communication with patients.Examples provided fully support the decisions and responses provided. NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsPoints Range: 16 (16%) – 17 (17%)The response accurately explains the decision selected.The response explains why the decision was selected, with specific clinically relevant resources that support the decision selected.The response accurately explains why the other two responses were not selected, with specific clinically relevant resources that support the response.The response accurately explains the outcome the student was hoping to achieve with the selected decision, with specific clinically relevant resources that support the response.The response accurately explains how ethical considerations impact the treatment plan and communication with patients.Examples provided support the decisions and responses provided. NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsPoints Range: 14 (14%) – 15 (15%)The response inaccurately or vaguely explains the decision selected.The response inaccurately or vaguely explains why the decision was selected, with specific clinically relevant resources that inaccurately or vaguely support the decision selected.NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsThe response inaccurately or vaguely explains why the other two responses were not selected, with specific clinically relevant resources that inaccurately or vaguely support the response.The response inaccurately or vaguely explains the outcome the student was hoping to achieve with the selected decision, with specific clinically relevant resources that inaccurately or vaguely support the response.The response inaccurately or vaguely explains how ethical considerations impact the treatment plan and communication with patients.Examples provided may support the decisions and responses provided.Points Range: 0 (0%) – 13 (13%)The response inaccurately and vaguely explains the decision selected.The response inaccurately and vaguely explains why the decision was selected, with specific clinically relevant resources that do not support the decision selected, or is missing.The response inaccurately and vaguely explains why the other two responses were not selected, with specific clinically relevant resources that do not support the decision selected, or is missing.The response inaccurately and vaguely explains the outcome the student was hoping to achieve with the selected decision, with specific clinically relevant resources that do not support the response, or is missing.NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsThe response inaccurately and vaguely explains how ethical considerations impact the treatment plan and communication with patients, or is missing.Examples provided do not support the decisions and responses provided, or is missing. NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsDecision #2 (1–2 pages)• Which decision did you select?• Why did you select this decision? Be specific and support your response with clinically relevant and patient-specific resources, including the primary literature.• Why did you not select the other two options provided in the exercise? Be specific and support your response with clinically relevant and patient-specific resources, including the primary literature.• What were you hoping to achieve by making this decision? Support your response with evidence and references to the Learning Resources (including the primary literature).• Explain how ethical considerations may impact your treatment plan and communication with patients. Be specific and provide examples.Points Range: 18 (18%) – 20 (20%)The response accurately and clearly explains in detail the decision selected.The response accurately and clearly explains in detail why the decision was selected, with specific clinically relevant resources that fully support the decision selected. NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsThe response accurately and clearly explains in detail why the other two responses were not selected, with specific clinically relevant resources that fully support the response. NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsThe response accurately and clearly explains in detail the outcome the student was hoping to achieve with the selected decision, with specific clinically relevant resources that fully support the response. NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsThe response accurately and clearly explains in detail how ethical considerations impact the treatment plan and communication with patients.Examples provided fully support the decisions and responses provided. NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsPoints Range: 16 (16%) – 17 (17%)The response accurately explains the decision selected.The response explains why the decision was selected, with specific clinically relevant resources that support the decision selected.The response accurately explains why the other two responses were not selected, with specific clinically relevant resources that support the response.The response accurately explains the outcome the student was hoping to achieve with the selected decision, with specific clinically relevant resources that support the response.The response accurately explains how ethical considerations impact the treatment plan and communication with patients.Examples provided support the decisions and responses provided.Points Range: 14 (14%) – 15 (15%)The response inaccurately or vaguely explains the decision selected. NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsThe response inaccurately or vaguely explains why the decision was selected, with specific clinically relevant resources that inaccurately or vaguely support the decision selected.The response inaccurately or vaguely explains why the other two responses were not selected, with specific clinically relevant resources that inaccurately or vaguely support the response.The response inaccurately or vaguely explains the outcome the student was hoping to achieve with the selected decision, with specific clinically relevant resources that inaccurately or vaguely support the response.The response inaccurately or vaguely explains how ethical considerations impact the treatment plan and communication with patients.Examples provided may support the decisions and responses provided.Points Range: 0 (0%) – 13 (13%)The response inaccurately and vaguely explains in detail the decision selected.The response inaccurately and vaguely explains why the decision was selected, with specific clinically relevant resources that do not support the decision selected, or is missing.The response inaccurately and vaguely explains why the other two responses were not selected, with specific clinically relevant resources that do not support the decision selected, or is missing.NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsThe response inaccurately and vaguely explains the outcome the student was hoping to achieve with the selected decision, with specific clinically relevant resources that do not support the response, or is missing. NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsThe response inaccurately and vaguely explains how ethical considerations impact the treatment plan and communication with patients, or is missing.Examples provided do not support the decisions and responses provided, or is missing. NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsDecision #3 (1–2 pages)• Which decision did you select?• Why did you select this decision? Be specific and support your response with clinically relevant and patient-specific resources, including the primary literature.• Why did you not select the other two options provided in the exercise? Be specific and support your response with clinically relevant and patient-specific resources, including the primary literature.• What were you hoping to achieve by making this decision? Support your response with evidence and references to the Learning Resources (including the primary literature).• Explain how ethical considerations may impact your treatment plan and communication with patients. Be specific and provide examples.Points Range: 18 (18%) – 20 (20%)The response accurately and clearly explains in detail the decision selected.The response accurately and clearly explains in detail why the decision was selected, with specific clinically relevant resources that fully support the decision selected. NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsThe response accurately and clearly explains in detail why the other two responses were not selected, with specific clinically relevant resources that fully support the response.NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsThe response accurately and clearly explains in detail the outcome the student was hoping to achieve with the selected decision, with specific clinically relevant resources that fully support the response. NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsThe response accurately and clearly explains in detail how ethical considerations impact the treatment plan and communication with patients.Examples provided fully support the decisions and responses provided. NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsPoints Range: 16 (16%) – 17 (17%)The response accurately explains the decision selected.The response explains why the decision was selected, with specific clinically relevant resources that support the decision selected.The response accurately explains why the other two responses were not selected, with specific clinically relevant resources that support the response.The response accurately explains the outcome the student was hoping to achieve with the selected decision, with specific clinically relevant resources that support the response.The response accurately explains how ethical considerations impact the treatment plan and communication with patients.Examples provided support the decisions and responses provided.Points Range: 14 (14%) – 15 (15%)The response inaccurately or vaguely explains the decision selected.The response inaccurately or vaguely explains why the decision was selected, with specific clinically relevant resources that inaccurately or vaguely support the decision selected.The response inaccurately or vaguely explains why the other two responses were not selected, with specific clinically relevant resources that inaccurately or vaguely support the response.The response inaccurately or vaguely explains the outcome the student was hoping to achieve with the selected decision, with specific clinically relevant resources that inaccurately or vaguely support the response. NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsThe response inaccurately or vaguely explains how ethical considerations impact the treatment plan and communication with patients.Examples provided may support the decisions and responses provided.Points Range: 0 (0%) – 13 (13%)The response inaccurately and vaguely explains in detail the decision selected.The response inaccurately and vaguely explains why the decision was selected, with specific clinically relevant resources that do not support the decision selected, or is missing. NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsThe response inaccurately and vaguely explains why the other two responses were not selected, with specific clinically relevant resources that do not support the decision selected, or is missing.The response inaccurately and vaguely explains the outcome the student was hoping to achieve with the selected decision, with specific clinically relevant resources that do not support the response, or is missing.The response inaccurately and vaguely explains how ethical considerations impact the treatment plan and communication with patients, or is missing.Examples provided do not support the decisions and responses provided, or is missing. NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsConclusion (1 page)• Summarize your recommendations on the treatment options you selected for this patient. Be sure to justify your recommendations and support your response with clinically relevant and patient-specific resources, including the primary literature.Points Range: 14 (14%) – 15 (15%)The response accurately and clearly summarizes in detail the recommendations on the treatment options selected for this patient. NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsThe response accurately and clearly explains a justification for the recommendations provided, including clinically relevant resources that fully support the recommendations provided.Points Range: 12 (12%) – 13 (13%)The response accurately summarizes the recommendations on the treatment options selected for this patient.The response accurately explains a justification for the recommendation provided, including clinically relevant resources that support the recommendations provided.Points Range: 11 (11%) – 11 (11%)The response inaccurately or vaguely summarizes the recommendations on the treatment options selected for this patient. NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsThe response inaccurately or vaguely explains a justification for the recommendations provided, including clinically relevant resources that inaccurately or vaguely support the recommendations provided.Points Range: 0 (0%) – 10 (10%)The response inaccurately and vaguely summarizes the recommendations on the treatment options selected for this patient, or is missing.The response inaccurately and vaguely explains a justification for the recommendations provided, including clinically relevant resources that do not support the recommendations provided, or is missing.Written Expression and Formatting – Paragraph Development and Organization:Paragraphs make clear points that support well-developed ideas, flow logically, and demonstrate continuity of ideas. Sentences are carefully focused—neither long and rambling nor short and lacking substance. A clear and comprehensive purpose statement and introduction are provided that delineate all required criteria. NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsPoints Range: 5 (5%) – 5 (5%)Paragraphs and sentences follow writing standards for flow, continuity, and clarity.A clear and comprehensive purpose statement, introduction, and conclusion are provided that delineate all required criteria. NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsPoints Range: 4 (4%) – 4 (4%)Paragraphs and sentences follow writing standards for flow, continuity, and clarity 80% of the time.Purpose, introduction, and conclusion of the assignment are stated, yet they are brief and not descriptive.Points Range: 3.5 (3.5%) – 3.5 (3.5%)Paragraphs and sentences follow writing standards for flow, continuity, and clarity 60%–79% of the time.Purpose, introduction, and conclusion of the assignment is vague or off topic.Points Range: 0 (0%) – 3 (3%)Paragraphs and sentences follow writing standards for flow, continuity, and clarity < 60% of the time.No purpose statement, introduction, or conclusion were provided.Written Expression and Formatting – English writing standards:Correct grammar, mechanics, and proper punctuationPoints Range: 5 (5%) – 5 (5%)Uses correct grammar, spelling, and punctuation with no errors.Points Range: 4 (4%) – 4 (4%)Contains a few (1 or 2) grammar, spelling, and punctuation errors.Points Range: 3.5 (3.5%) – 3.5 (3.5%)Contains several (3 or 4) grammar, spelling, and punctuation errors.Points Range: 0 (0%) – 3 (3%)Contains many (≥ 5) grammar, spelling, and punctuation errors that interfere with the reader’s understanding.Written Expression and Formatting – The paper follows correct APA format for title page, headings, font, spacing, margins, indentations, page numbers, parenthetical/in-text citations, and reference list.Points Range: 5 (5%) – 5 (5%)Uses correct APA format with no errors.Points Range: 4 (4%) – 4 (4%)Contains a few (1 or 2) APA format errors.Points Range: 3.5 (3.5%) – 3.5 (3.5%)Contains several (3 or 4) APA format errors.Points Range: 0 (0%) – 3 (3%)Contains many (≥ 5) APA format errors. Total Points: 100Name: NURS_6630_Week5_Assignment_RubricWeek 6: Therapy for Patients With Anxiety Disorders and PTSD TreatmentI’m no longer at the mercy of my PTSD, and I would not be here today had I not had the proper diagnosis and treatment. It’s never too late to seek help.—P.K. Philips, PTSD patientNURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsFor individuals presenting with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and other anxiety disorders, everyday life can be a constant challenge. Clients requiring anxiolytic therapy may present with anxiousness, depression, substance abuse issues, and even physical symptoms related to cardiovascular, respiratory, and gastrointestinal ailments. As a psychiatric nurse practitioner, you must be prepared to address the many needs of individuals seeking treatment for PTSD and other anxiety disorders.This week, as you study anxiolytic therapies and PTSD treatments, you examine the assessment and treatment of patients with PTSD and other anxiety disorders. You also explore ethical and legal implications of these therapies.Reference:Philips, P. K. (n.d.). My story of survival: Battling PTSD. Anxiety and Depression Association of America. https://adaa.org/living-with-anxiety/personal-stories/my-story-survival-battling-ptsdORDER A PLAGIARISM-FREE PAPER HERELearning ObjectivesStudents will: NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsAssess patient factors and history to develop personalized plans of anxiolytic therapy for patientsAnalyze factors that influence pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic processes in patients requiring anxiolytic therapySynthesize knowledge of providing care to patients presenting with anxiolytic therapyAnalyze ethical and legal implications related to prescribing anxiolytic therapy to patients across the lifespanAssess psychopharmacologic approaches to treatment for patients across the lifespanLearning ResourcesRequired Readings (click to expand/reduce)Bui, E., Pollack, M. H., Kinrys, G., Delong, H., Vasconcelos e Sá, D., & Simon, N. M. (2016). The pharmacotherapy of anxiety disorders. In T. A. Stern, M. Favo, T. E. Wilens, & J. F. Rosenbaum. (Eds.), Massachusetts General Hospital psychopharmacology and neurotherapeutics (pp. 61–71). Elsevier. NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsAmerican Psychiatric Association. (2010a). Practice guideline for the treatment of patients with acute stress disorder and posttraumatic stress disorder. https://psychiatryonline.org/pb/assets/raw/sitewide/practice_guidelines/guidelines/acutestressdisorderptsd.pdfAmerican Psychiatric Association. (2010c). Practice guideline for the treatment of patients with panic disorder (2nd ed.). https://psychiatryonline.org/pb/assets/raw/sitewide/practice_guidelines/guidelines/panicdisorder.pdfBendek, D. M., Friedman, M. J., Zatzick, D., & Ursano, R. J. (n.d.). Guideline watch (March 2009): Practice guideline for the treatment of patients with acute stress disorder and posttraumatic stress disorder. https://psychiatryonline.org/pb/assets/raw/sitewide/practice_guidelines/guidelines/acutestressdisorderptsd-watch.pdfCohen, J. A. (2010). Practice parameter for the assessment and treatment of children and adolescents with posttraumatic stress disorder. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 49(4), 414–430. https://jaacap.org/action/showPdf?pii=S0890-8567%2810%2900082-1Davidson, J. (2016). Pharmacotherapy of post-traumatic stress disorder: Going beyond the guidelines. British Journal of Psychiatry, 2(6), e16–e18. 10.1192/bjpo.bp.116.003707. http://bjpo.rcpsych.org/content/2/6/e16Hamilton, M. (1959). Hamilton Anxiety Rating Scale (HAM-A). PsycTESTS. https://doi.org/10.1037/t02824-0Ostacher, M. J., & Cifu, A. S. (2019). Management of posttraumatic stress disorder. JAMA, 321(2), 200–201. https://doi.org/10.1001/jama.2018.19290Strawn, J. R., Wehry, A. M., DelBello, M. P., Rynn, M. A., & Strakowski. S. (2012). Establishing the neurobiologic basis of treatment in children and adolescents with generalized anxiety disorder. Depression and Anxiety, 29(4), 328–339. https://doi.org/10.1002/da.21913Medication Resources (click to expand/reduce)Required Media (click to expand/reduce) NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsAssignment: Assessing and Treating Patients With Anxiety DisordersCommon symptoms of anxiety disorders include chest pains, shortness of breath, and other physical symptoms that may be mistaken for a heart attack or other physical ailment. These manifestations often prompt patients to seek care from their primary care providers or emergency departments. Once it is determined that there is no organic basis for these symptoms, patients are typically referred to a psychiatric mental health practitioner for anxiolytic therapy. For this Assignment, as you examine the patient case study in this week’s Learning Resources, consider how you might assess and treat patients presenting with anxiety disorders.To prepare for this Assignment:Review this week’s Learning Resources, including the Medication Resources indicated for this week.Reflect on the psychopharmacologic treatments you might recommend for the assessment and treatment of patients requiring anxiolytic therapy. NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsThe Assignment: 5 pagesExamine Case Study: A Middle-Aged Caucasian Man With Anxiety. You will be asked to make three decisions concerning the medication to prescribe to this patient. Be sure to consider factors that might impact the patient’s pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic processes.At each decision point, you should evaluate all options before selecting your decision and moving throughout the exercise. Before you make your decision, make sure that you have researched each option and that you evaluate the decision that you will select. Be sure to research each option using the primary literature.Introduction to the case (1 page)Briefly explain and summarize the case for this Assignment. Be sure to include the specific patient factors that may impact your decision making when prescribing medication for this patient. NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsDecision #1 (1 page)Which decision did you select?Why did you select this decision? Be specific and support your response with clinically relevant and patient-specific resources, including the primary literature.Why did you not select the other two options provided in the exercise? Be specific and support your response with clinically relevant and patient-specific resources, including the primary literature.What were you hoping to achieve by making this decision? Support your response with evidence and references to the Learning Resources (including the primary literature).Explain how ethical considerations may impact your treatment plan and communication with patients. Be specific and provide examples. NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsDecision #2 (1 page)Why did you select this decision? Be specific and support your response with clinically relevant and patient-specific resources, including the primary literature.Why did you not select the other two options provided in the exercise? Be specific and support your response with clinically relevant and patient-specific resources, including the primary literature.What were you hoping to achieve by making this decision? Support your response with evidence and references to the Learning Resources (including the primary literature).Explain how ethical considerations may impact your treatment plan and communication with patients. Be specific and provide examples.Decision #3 (1 page)Why did you select this decision? Be specific and support your response with clinically relevant and patient-specific resources, including the primary literature. NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsWhy did you not select the other two options provided in the exercise? Be specific and support your response with clinically relevant and patient-specific resources, including the primary literature.What were you hoping to achieve by making this decision? Support your response with evidence and references to the Learning Resources (including the primary literature).Explain how ethical considerations may impact your treatment plan and communication with patients. Be specific and provide examples.Conclusion (1 page)Summarize your recommendations on the treatment options you selected for this patient. Be sure to justify your recommendations and support your response with clinically relevant and patient-specific resources, including the primary literature.Note: Support your rationale with a minimum of five academic resources. While you may use the course text to support your rationale, it will not count toward the resource requirement. You should be utilizing the primary and secondary literature. NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsReminder : The College of Nursing requires that all papers submitted include a title page, introduction, summary, and references. The Sample Paper provided at the Walden Writing Center provides an example of those required elements (available at https://academicguides.waldenu.edu/writingcenter/templates/general#s-lg-box-20293632). All papers submitted must use this formatting.By Day 7Submit your Assignment. Rubric Detail Select Grid View or List View to change the rubric’s layout.ContentName: NURS_6630_Week6_Assignment_RubricGrid ViewList View NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsExcellentPoint range: 90–100GoodPoint range: 80–89FairPoint range: 70–79PoorPoint range: 0–69Introduction to the case (1 page) NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsBriefly explain and summarize the case for this Assignment. Be sure to include the specific patient factors that may impact your decision making when prescribing medication for this patient.Points Range: 9 (9%) – 10 (10%)The response accurately, clearly, and fully summarizes in detail the case for the Assignment.The response accurately and clearly explains in detail the specific patient factors that impact decision making when prescribing medication for this patient.Points Range: 8 (8%) – 8 (8%)The response accurately summarizes the case for the Assignment.NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsThe response accurately explains the specific patient factors that impact decision making with prescribing medication for this patient.Points Range: 7 (7%) – 7 (7%)The response inaccurately or vaguely summarizes the case for the Assignment.The response inaccurately or vaguely explains the specific patient factors that impact decision making with prescribing medication for this patient.Points Range: 0 (0%) – 6 (6%)The response inaccurately and vaguely summarizes the case for the Assignment, or is missing. NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsThe response inaccurately and vaguely explains the specific patient factors that impact decision making with prescribing medication for this patient. NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsDecision #1 (1–2 pages)• Which decision did you select? NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology Assignments• Why did you select this decision? Be specific and support your response with clinically relevant and patient-specific resources, including the primary literature.• Why did you not select the other two options provided in the exercise? Be specific and support your response with clinically relevant and patient-specific resources, including the primary literature.• What were you hoping to achieve by making this decision? Support your response with evidence and references to the Learning Resources (including the primary literature).• Explain how ethical considerations may impact your treatment plan and communication with patients. Be specific and provide examples.Points Range: 18 (18%) – 20 (20%)The response accurately and clearly explains in detail the decision selected.NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsThe response accurately and clearly explains in detail why the decision was selected, with specific clinically relevant resources that fully support the decision selected.The response accurately and clearly explains in detail why the other two responses were not selected, with specific clinically relevant resources that fully support the response.The response accurately and clearly explains in detail the outcome the student was hoping to achieve with the selected decision, with specific clinically relevant resources that fully support the response.NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsThe response accurately and clearly explains in detail how ethical considerations impact the treatment plan and communication with patients. NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsExamples provided fully support the decisions and responses provided.Points Range: 16 (16%) – 17 (17%)The response accurately explains the decision selected.The response explains why the decision was selected, with specific clinically relevant resources that support the decision selected.The response accurately explains why the other two responses were not selected, with specific clinically relevant resources that support the response.The response accurately explains the outcome the student was hoping to achieve with the selected decision, with specific clinically relevant resources that support the response.The response accurately explains how ethical considerations impact the treatment plan and communication with patients.Examples provided support the decisions and responses provided.Points Range: 14 (14%) – 15 (15%)The response inaccurately or vaguely explains the decision selected.The response inaccurately or vaguely explains why the decision was selected, with specific clinically relevant resources that inaccurately or vaguely support the decision selected.The response inaccurately or vaguely explains why the other two responses were not selected, with specific clinically relevant resources that inaccurately or vaguely support the response.The response inaccurately or vaguely explains the outcome the student was hoping to achieve with the selected decision, with specific clinically relevant resources that inaccurately or vaguely support the response.The response inaccurately or vaguely explains how ethical considerations impact the treatment plan and communication with patients. NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsExamples provided may support the decisions and responses provided.Points Range: 0 (0%) – 13 (13%)The response inaccurately and vaguely explains the decision selected.The response inaccurately and vaguely explains why the decision was selected, with specific clinically relevant resources that do not support the decision selected, or is missing.The response inaccurately and vaguely explains why the other two responses were not selected, with specific clinically relevant resources that do not support the decision selected, or is missing.The response inaccurately and vaguely explains the outcome the student was hoping to achieve with the selected decision, with specific clinically relevant resources that do not support the response, or is missing.The response inaccurately and vaguely explains how ethical considerations impact the treatment plan and communication with patients, or is missing.Examples provided do not support the decisions and responses provided, or is missing.Decision #2 (1–2 pages)• Which decision did you select?• Why did you select this decision? Be specific and support your response with clinically relevant and patient-specific resources, including the primary literature.• Why did you not select the other two options provided in the exercise? Be specific and support your response with clinically relevant and patient-specific resources, including the primary literature.• What were you hoping to achieve by making this decision? Support your response with evidence and references to the Learning Resources (including the primary literature).• Explain how ethical considerations may impact your treatment plan and communication with patients. Be specific and provide examples.Points Range: 18 (18%) – 20 (20%)The response accurately and clearly explains in detail the decision selected.NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsThe response accurately and clearly explains in detail why the decision was selected, with specific clinically relevant resources that fully support the decision selected.NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsThe response accurately and clearly explains in detail why the other two responses were not selected, with specific clinically relevant resources that fully support the response.The response accurately and clearly explains in detail the outcome the student was hoping to achieve with the selected decision, with specific clinically relevant resources that fully support the response.NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsThe response accurately and clearly explains in detail how ethical considerations impact the treatment plan and communication with patients.NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsExamples provided fully support the decisions and responses provided.Points Range: 16 (16%) – 17 (17%)The response accurately explains the decision selected.The response explains why the decision was selected, with specific clinically relevant resources that support the decision selected.The response accurately explains why the other two responses were not selected, with specific clinically relevant resources that support the response.The response accurately explains the outcome the student was hoping to achieve with the selected decision, with specific clinically relevant resources that support the response.The response accurately explains how ethical considerations impact the treatment plan and communication with patients.Examples provided support the decisions and responses provided.Points Range: 14 (14%) – 15 (15%)The response inaccurately or vaguely explains the decision selected.The response inaccurately or vaguely explains why the decision was selected, with specific clinically relevant resources that inaccurately or vaguely support the decision selected.The response inaccurately or vaguely explains why the other two responses were not selected, with specific clinically relevant resources that inaccurately or vaguely support the response.The response inaccurately or vaguely explains the outcome the student was hoping to achieve with the selected decision, with specific clinically relevant resources that inaccurately or vaguely support the response.The response inaccurately or vaguely explains how ethical considerations impact the treatment plan and communication with patients. NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsExamples provided may support the decisions and responses provided.Points Range: 0 (0%) – 13 (13%)The response inaccurately and vaguely explains in detail the decision selected.The response inaccurately and vaguely explains why the decision was selected, with specific clinically relevant resources that do not support the decision selected, or is missing.NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsThe response inaccurately and vaguely explains why the other two responses were not selected, with specific clinically relevant resources that do not support the decision selected, or is missing.The response inaccurately and vaguely explains the outcome the student was hoping to achieve with the selected decision, with specific clinically relevant resources that do not support the response, or is missing.The response inaccurately and vaguely explains how ethical considerations impact the treatment plan and communication with patients, or is missing.Examples provided do not support the decisions and responses provided, or is missing.Decision #3 (1–2 pages)• Which decision did you select?• Why did you select this decision? Be specific and support your response with clinically relevant and patient-specific resources, including the primary literature.• Why did you not select the other two options provided in the exercise? Be specific and support your response with clinically relevant and patient-specific resources, including the primary literature.• What were you hoping to achieve by making this decision? Support your response with evidence and references to the Learning Resources (including the primary literature).• Explain how ethical considerations may impact your treatment plan and communication with patients. Be specific and provide examples.Points Range: 18 (18%) – 20 (20%)The response accurately and clearly explains in detail the decision selected.The response accurately and clearly explains in detail why the decision was selected, with specific clinically relevant resources that fully support the decision selected. NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsThe response accurately and clearly explains in detail why the other two responses were not selected, with specific clinically relevant resources that fully support the response.The response accurately and clearly explains in detail the outcome the student was hoping to achieve with the selected decision, with specific clinically relevant resources that fully support the response. NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsThe response accurately and clearly explains in detail how ethical considerations impact the treatment plan and communication with patients.Examples provided fully support the decisions and responses provided. NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsPoints Range: 16 (16%) – 17 (17%)The response accurately explains the decision selected. NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsThe response explains why the decision was selected, with specific clinically relevant resources that support the decision selected.The response accurately explains why the other two responses were not selected, with specific clinically relevant resources that support the response.The response accurately explains the outcome the student was hoping to achieve with the selected decision, with specific clinically relevant resources that support the response.The response accurately explains how ethical considerations impact the treatment plan and communication with patients.Examples provided support the decisions and responses provided.Points Range: 14 (14%) – 15 (15%)The response inaccurately or vaguely explains the decision selected.The response inaccurately or vaguely explains why the decision was selected, with specific clinically relevant resources that inaccurately or vaguely support the decision selected.The response inaccurately or vaguely explains why the other two responses were not selected, with specific clinically relevant resources that inaccurately or vaguely support the response.The response inaccurately or vaguely explains the outcome the student was hoping to achieve with the selected decision, with specific clinically relevant resources that inaccurately or vaguely support the response.The response inaccurately or vaguely explains how ethical considerations impact the treatment plan and communication with patients.Examples provided may support the decisions and responses provided.Points Range: 0 (0%) – 13 (13%)The response inaccurately and vaguely explains in detail the decision selected.The response inaccurately and vaguely explains why the decision was selected, with specific clinically relevant resources that do not support the decision selected, or is missing.The response inaccurately and vaguely explains why the other two responses were not selected, with specific clinically relevant resources that do not support the decision selected, or is missing.The response inaccurately and vaguely explains the outcome the student was hoping to achieve with the selected decision, with specific clinically relevant resources that do not support the response, or is missing. NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsThe response inaccurately and vaguely explains how ethical considerations impact the treatment plan and communication with patients, or is missing.Examples provided do not support the decisions and responses provided, or is missing. NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsConclusion (1 page)• Summarize your recommendations on the treatment options you selected for this patient. Be sure to justify your recommendations and support your response with clinically relevant and patient-specific resources, including the primary literature.Points Range: 14 (14%) – 15 (15%)The response accurately and clearly summarizes in detail the recommendations on the treatment options selected for this patient. NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsThe response accurately and clearly explains a justification for the recommendations provided, including clinically relevant resources that fully support the recommendations provided. NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsPoints Range: 12 (12%) – 13 (13%)The response accurately summarizes the recommendations on the treatment options selected for this patient.The response accurately explains a justification for the recommendation provided, including clinically relevant resources that support the recommendations provided.Points Range: 11 (11%) – 11 (11%)The response inaccurately or vaguely summarizes the recommendations on the treatment options selected for this patient. NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsThe response inaccurately or vaguely explains a justification for the recommendations provided, including clinically relevant resources that inaccurately or vaguely support the recommendations provided.Points Range: 0 (0%) – 10 (10%)The response inaccurately and vaguely summarizes the recommendations on the treatment options selected for this patient, or is missing.The response inaccurately and vaguely explains a justification for the recommendations provided, including clinically relevant resources that do not support the recommendations provided, or is missing. NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsWritten Expression and Formatting – Paragraph Development and Organization:Paragraphs make clear points that support well-developed ideas, flow logically, and demonstrate continuity of ideas. Sentences are carefully focused—neither long and rambling nor short and lacking substance. A clear and comprehensive purpose statement and introduction are provided that delineate all required criteria.Points Range: 5 (5%) – 5 (5%)Paragraphs and sentences follow writing standards for flow, continuity, and clarity. NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsA clear and comprehensive purpose statement, introduction, and conclusion are provided that delineate all required criteria. NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsPoints Range: 4 (4%) – 4 (4%)Paragraphs and sentences follow writing standards for flow, continuity, and clarity 80% of the time.Purpose, introduction, and conclusion of the assignment are stated, yet they are brief and not descriptive.Points Range: 3.5 (3.5%) – 3.5 (3.5%)Paragraphs and sentences follow writing standards for flow, continuity, and clarity 60%–79% of the time. NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsPurpose, introduction, and conclusion of the assignment is vague or off topic.Points Range: 0 (0%) – 3 (3%)Paragraphs and sentences follow writing standards for flow, continuity, and clarity < 60% of the time.No purpose statement, introduction, or conclusion were provided. NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsWritten Expression and Formatting – English writing standards:Correct grammar, mechanics, and proper punctuationPoints Range: 5 (5%) – 5 (5%)Uses correct grammar, spelling, and punctuation with no errors.Points Range: 4 (4%) – 4 (4%)Contains a few (1 or 2) grammar, spelling, and punctuation errors.Points Range: 3.5 (3.5%) – 3.5 (3.5%)Contains several (3 or 4) grammar, spelling, and punctuation errors.Points Range: 0 (0%) – 3 (3%)Contains many (≥ 5) grammar, spelling, and punctuation errors that interfere with the reader’s understanding.Written Expression and Formatting – The paper follows correct APA format for title page, headings, font, spacing, margins, indentations, page numbers, parenthetical/in-text citations, and reference list. NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsPoints Range: 5 (5%) – 5 (5%)Uses correct APA format with no errors.Points Range: 4 (4%) – 4 (4%)Contains a few (1 or 2) APA format errors. NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsPoints Range: 3.5 (3.5%) – 3.5 (3.5%)Contains several (3 or 4) APA format errors.Points Range: 0 (0%) – 3 (3%)Contains many (≥ 5) APA format errors. Total Points: 100Name: NURS_6630_Week6_Assignment_RubricWeek 7: Therapy for Patients With SchizophreniaAccording to the Schizophrenia and Related Disorders Alliance of America, approximately 3.5 million people in the United States are diagnosed with schizophrenia (n.d.), and it is one of the leading causes of disability. In practice, patients may present with delusions, hallucinations, disorganized thinking, disorganized or abnormal motor behavior, as well as other negative symptoms that can be disabling for these individuals. Not only are these symptoms one of the most challenging symptom clusters you will encounter, many are associated with other disorders, such as depression, bipolar disorder, and disorders on the schizophrenia spectrum. As a psychiatric nurse practitioner, you must understand the underlying neurobiology of these symptoms to select appropriate therapies and improve outcomes for patients. NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsThis week, as you examine antipsychotic therapies, you explore the assessment and treatment of patients with psychosis and schizophrenia. You also consider ethical and legal implications of these therapies.Reference:Schizophrenia and Related Disorders Alliance of America. (n.d.). About  schizophrenia.https://sardaa.org/resources/about-schizophrenia/#:~:text=Quick%20Facts%20About%20Schizophrenia.%20Schizophrenia%20can%20be%20found,is%20one%20of%20the%20leading%20causes%20of%20disabilityLearning ObjectivesStudents will:Assess client factors and history to develop personalized therapy plans for patients with insomniaAnalyze factors that influence pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic processes in patients requiring therapy for insomniaAssess patient factors and history to develop personalized plans of antipsychotic therapy for patientsAnalyze factors that influence pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic processes in patients requiring antipsychotic therapySynthesize knowledge of providing care to patients presenting for antipsychotic therapyAnalyze ethical and legal implications related to prescribing antipsychotic therapy to patients across the lifespanLearning Resources NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsRequired Readings (click to expand/reduce)Freudenreich, O., Goff, D. C., & Henderson, D. C. (2016). Antipsychotic drugs. In T. A. Stern, M. Favo, T. E. Wilens, & J. F. Rosenbaum. (Eds.), Massachusetts General Hospital psychopharmacology and neurotherapeutics (pp. 72–85). Elsevier.American Psychiatric Association. (2019). Practice guideline for the treatment of patients with schizophrenia. https://www.psychiatry.org/File%20Library/Psychiatrists/Practice/Clinical%20Practice%20Guidelines/APA-Draft-Schizophrenia-Treatment-Guideline.pdfClozapine REMS. (2015). Clozapine REMS: The single shared system for clozapine. https://www.clozapinerems.com/CpmgClozapineUI/rems/pdf/resources/Clozapine_REMS_A_Guide_for_Healthcare_Providers.pdfFunk, M. C., Beach, S. R., Bostwick, J. R., Celano, C. M., Hasnain, M., Pandurangi, A., Khandai, A., Taylor, A., Levenson, J. L., Riba, M., & Kovacs, R. J. (2018). Resource document on QTc prolongation and psychotropic medications. American Psychiatric Association. https://www.psychiatry.org/File%20Library/Psychiatrists/Directories/Library-and-Archive/resource_documents/Resource-Document-2018-QTc-Prolongation-and-Psychotropic-Med.pdfKay, S. R., Fiszbein, A., & Opler, L. A. (1987). The Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS) for schizophrenia. Schizophrenia Bulletin, 13(2), 261–276. https://doi.org/10.1093/schbul/13.2.261Levenson, J. C., Kay, D. B., & Buysse, D. J. (2015). The pathophysiology of insomnia. Chest, 147(4), 1179–1192. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4388122/McClellan, J. & Stock. S. (2013). Practice parameter for the assessment and treatment of children and adolescents with schizophrenia. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 52(9), 976–990. https://www.jaacap.org/article/S0890-8567(09)62600-9/pdfNaber, D., & Lambert, M. (2009). The CATIE and CUtLASS studies in schizophrenia: Results and implications for clinicians. CNS Drugs, 23(8), 649–659. https://doi.org/10.2165/00023210-200923080-00002Medication Resources (click to expand/reduce)Required Media (click to expand/reduce)Optional Resources (click to expand/reduce) NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsDiscussion: Treatment for a Patient With a Common ConditionInsomnia is one of the most common medical conditions you will encounter as a PNP. Insomnia is a common symptom of many mental illnesses, including anxiety, depression, schizophrenia, and ADHD (Abbott, 2016). Various studies have demonstrated the bidirectional relationship between insomnia and mental illness. In fact, about 50% of adults with insomnia have a mental health problem, while up to 90% of adults with depression experience sleep problems (Abbott, 2016). Due to the interconnected psychopathology, it is important that you, as the PNP, understand the importance of the effects some psychopharmacologic treatments may have on a patient’s mental health illness and their sleep patterns. Therefore, it is important that you understand and reflect on the evidence-based research in developing treatment plans to recommend proper sleep practices to your patients as well as recommend appropriate psychopharmacologic treatments for optimal health and well-being. NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsReference: Abbott, J. (2016). What’s the link between insomnia and mental illness? Health. https://www.sciencealert.com/what-exactly-is-the-link-between-insomnia-and-mental-illness#:~:text=Sleep%20problems%20such%20as%20insomnia%20are%20a%20common,bipolar%20disorder%2C%20and%20attention%20deficit%20hyperactivity%20disorder%20%28ADHD%29For this Discussion, review the case Learning Resources and the case study excerpt presented. Reflect on the case study excerpt and consider the therapy approaches you might take to assess, diagnose, and treat the patient’s health needs.   NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsCase: An elderly widow who just lost her spouse. Subjective: A patient presents to your primary care office today with chief complaint of insomnia. Patient is 75 YO with PMH of DM, HTN, and MDD. Her husband of 41 years passed away 10 months ago. Since then, she states her depression has gotten worse as well as her sleep habits. The patient has no previous history of depression prior to her husband’s death. She is awake, alert, and oriented x3. Patient normally sees PCP once or twice a year. Patient denies any suicidal ideations. Patient arrived at the office today by private vehicle. Patient currently takes the following medications:  NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsMetformin 500mg BID Januvia 100mg daily Losartan 100mg daily HCTZ 25mg daily Sertraline 100mg daily  Current weight: 88 kgCurrent height: 64 inchesTemp: 98.6 degrees FBP: 132/86 By Day 3 of Week 7Post a response to each of the following:List three questions you might ask the patient if she were in your office. Provide a rationale for why you might ask these questions.Identify people in the patient’s life you would need to speak to or get feedback from to further assess the patient’s situation. Include specific questions you might ask these people and why.Explain what, if any, physical exams, and diagnostic tests would be appropriate for the patient and how the results would be used.  NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsList a differential diagnosis for the patient. Identify the one that you think is most likely and explain why.List two pharmacologic agents and their dosing that would be appropriate for the patient’s antidepressant therapy based on pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics. From a mechanism of action perspective, provide a rationale for why you might choose one agent over the other.For the drug therapy you select, identify any contraindications to use or alterations in dosing that may need to be considered based on ethical prescribing or decision-making. Discuss why the contraindication/alteration you identify exists. That is, what would be problematic with the use of this drug in individuals based on ethical prescribing guidelines or decision-making?Include any “check points” (i.e., follow-up data at Week 4, 8, 12, etc.), and indicate any therapeutic changes that you might make based on possible outcomes that may happen given your treatment options chosen.Read a selection of your colleagues’ responses. NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsBy Day 6 of Week 7Respond to at least two of your colleagues on two different days in one of the following ways:If your colleagues’ posts influenced your understanding of these concepts, be sure to share how and why. Include additional insights you gained.If you think your colleagues might have misunderstood these concepts, offer your alternative perspective and be sure to provide an explanation for them. Include resources to support your perspective.Read a selection of your colleagues’ responses and respond to at least two of your colleagues on two different days andNote: For this Discussion, you are required to complete your initial post before you will be able to view and respond to your colleagues’ postings. Begin by clicking on the “Post to Discussion Question” link and then select “Create Thread” to complete your initial post. Remember, once you click on Submit, you cannot delete or edit your own posts, and you cannot post anonymously. Please check your post carefully before clicking on Submit! Rubric Detail Select Grid View or List View to change the rubric’s layout.ContentName: NURS_6630_Week7_Discussion_Rubric NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsGrid ViewList ViewExcellentPoint range: 90–100GoodPoint range: 80–89FairPoint range: 70–79PoorPoint range: 0–69Main Posting:Response to the Discussion question is reflective with critical analysis and synthesis representative of knowledge gained from the course readings for the module and current credible sources. NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsPoints Range: 40 (40%) – 44 (44%)Thoroughly responds to the Discussion question(s).Is reflective with critical analysis and synthesis representative of knowledge gained from the course readings for the module and current credible sources. NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsNo less than 75% of post has exceptional depth and breadth.Supported by at least three current credible sources.Points Range: 35 (35%) – 39 (39%)Responds to most of the Discussion question(s).Is somewhat reflective with critical analysis and synthesis representative of knowledge gained from the course readings for the module.50% of the post has exceptional depth and breadth.Supported by at least three credible references.Points Range: 31 (31%) – 34 (34%)Responds to some of the Discussion question(s).One to two criteria are not addressed or are superficially addressed.Is somewhat lacking reflection and critical analysis and synthesis.Somewhat represents knowledge gained from the course readings for the module. NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsPost is cited with fewer than two credible references. NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsPoints Range: 0 (0%) – 30 (30%)Does not respond to the Discussion question(s).Lacks depth or superficially addresses criteria.Lacks reflection and critical analysis and synthesis.Does not represent knowledge gained from the course readings for the module.Contains only one or no credible references.Main Posting:WritingPoints Range: 6 (6%) – 6 (6%)Written clearly and concisely. NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsContains no grammatical or spelling errors.Adheres to current APA manual writing rules and style.Points Range: 5 (5%) – 5 (5%)Written concisely.May contain one to two grammatical or spelling errors.Adheres to current APA manual writing rules and style.Points Range: 4 (4%) – 4 (4%)Written somewhat concisely. NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsMay contain more than two spelling or grammatical errors.Contains some APA formatting errors.Points Range: 0 (0%) – 3 (3%)Not written clearly or concisely.Contains more than two spelling or grammatical errors.Does not adhere to current APA manual writing rules and style.Main Posting:Timely and full participationPoints Range: 9 (9%) – 10 (10%)Meets requirements for timely, full, and active participation. NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsPosts main Discussion by due date.Points Range: 8 (8%) – 8 (8%)Posts main Discussion by due date.Meets requirements for full participation.Points Range: 7 (7%) – 7 (7%)Posts main Discussion by due date.Points Range: 0 (0%) – 6 (6%)Does not meet requirements for full participation. NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsDoes not post main Discussion by due date.First Response:Post to colleague’s main post that is reflective and justified with credible sources.Points Range: 9 (9%) – 9 (9%)Response exhibits critical thinking and application to practice settings.Responds to questions posed by faculty. NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsThe use of scholarly sources to support ideas demonstrates synthesis and understanding of learning objectives.Points Range: 8 (8%) – 8 (8%)Response has some depth and may exhibit critical thinking or application to practice setting. NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsPoints Range: 7 (7%) – 7 (7%)Response is on topic, may have some depth.Points Range: 0 (0%) – 6 (6%)Response may not be on topic, lacks depth.First Response:WritingPoints Range: 6 (6%)  NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology Assignments- 6 (6%)Communication is professional and respectful to colleagues.Response to faculty questions are fully answered, if posed.Provides clear, concise opinions and ideas that are supported by two or more credible sources.Response is effectively written in Standard, Edited English. NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsPoints Range: 5 (5%) – 5 (5%)Communication is mostly professional and respectful to colleagues.Response to faculty questions are mostly answered, if posed.Provides opinions and ideas that are supported by few credible sources.Response is written in Standard, Edited English. NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsPoints Range: 4 (4%) – 4 (4%)Response posed in the Discussion may lack effective professional communication.Response to faculty questions are somewhat answered, if posed.Few or no credible sources are cited.Points Range: 0 (0%) – 3 (3%)Responses posted in the Discussion lack effective communication.Response to faculty questions are missing.No credible sources are cited. NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsFirst Response:Timely and full participationPoints Range: 5 (5%) – 5 (5%)Meets requirements for timely, full, and active participation.Posts by due date.Points Range: 4 (4%) – 4 (4%)Meets requirements for full participation.Posts by due date.Points Range: 3 (3%) – 3 (3%)Posts by due date.Points Range: 0 (0%) – 2 (2%)Does not meet requirements for full participation.Does not post by due date.Second Response:Post to colleague’s main post that is reflective and justified with credible sources.Points Range: 9 (9%) – 9 (9%)Response exhibits critical thinking and application to practice settings.Responds to questions posed by faculty.The use of scholarly sources to support ideas demonstrates synthesis and understanding of learning objectives. NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsPoints Range: 8 (8%) – 8 (8%)Response has some depth and may exhibit critical thinking or application to practice setting.Points Range: 7 (7%) – 7 (7%)Response is on topic, may have some depth.Points Range: 0 (0%) – 6 (6%)Response may not be on topic, lacks depth.Second Response:Writing NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsPoints Range: 6 (6%) – 6 (6%)Communication is professional and respectful to colleagues.Response to faculty questions are fully answered, if posed.Provides clear, concise opinions and ideas that are supported by two or more credible sources.Response is effectively written in Standard, Edited English.Points Range: 5 (5%) – 5 (5%)Communication is mostly professional and respectful to colleagues.Response to faculty questions are mostly answered, if posed.Provides opinions and ideas that are supported by few credible sources.Response is written in Standard, Edited English. NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsPoints Range: 4 (4%) – 4 (4%)Response posed in the Discussion may lack effective professional communication.Response to faculty questions are somewhat answered, if posed.Few or no credible sources are cited.Points Range: 0 (0%) – 3 (3%)Responses posted in the Discussion lack effective communication.Response to faculty questions are missing.No credible sources are cited.Second Response:Timely and full participationPoints Range: 5 (5%) – 5 (5%)Meets requirements for timely, full, and active participation.Posts by due date.Points Range: 4 (4%) – 4 (4%)Meets requirements for full participation.Posts by due date.Points Range: 3 (3%) – 3 (3%)Posts by due date.Points Range: 0 (0%) – 2 (2%)Does not meet requirements for full participation.Does not post by due date. Total Points: 100Name: NURS_6630_Week7_Discussion_RubricAssignment: Assessing and Treating Patients With Psychosis and SchizophreniaPsychosis and schizophrenia greatly impact the brain’s normal processes, which interfere with the ability to think clearly. When symptoms of these disorders are uncontrolled, patients may struggle to function in daily life. However, patients often thrive when properly diagnosed and treated under the close supervision of a psychiatric mental health practitioner. For this Assignment, as you examine the patient case study in this week’s Learning Resources, consider how you might assess and treat patients presenting with psychosis and schizophrenia. NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsTo prepare for this Assignment:Review this week’s Learning Resources, including the Medication Resources indicated for this week.Reflect on the psychopharmacologic treatments you might recommend for the assessment and treatment of patients with schizophrenia-related psychoses.The Assignment: 5 pagesExamine Case Study: Pakistani Woman With Delusional Thought Processes. You will be asked to make three decisions concerning the medication to prescribe to this patient. Be sure to consider factors that might impact the patient’s pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic processes.At each decision point, you should evaluate all options before selecting your decision and moving throughout the exercise. Before you make your decision, make sure that you have researched each option and that you evaluate the decision that you will select. Be sure to research each option using the primary literature. NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsIntroduction to the case (1 page)Briefly explain and summarize the case for this Assignment. Be sure to include the specific patient factors that may impact your decision making when prescribing medication for this patient.Decision #1 (1 page)Which decision did you select?Why did you select this decision? Be specific and support your response with clinically relevant and patient-specific resources, including the primary literature.Why did you not select the other two options provided in the exercise? Be specific and support your response with clinically relevant and patient-specific resources, including the primary literature.What were you hoping to achieve by making this decision? Support your response with evidence and references to the Learning Resources (including the primary literature).Explain how ethical considerations may impact your treatment plan and communication with patients. Be specific and provide examples. NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsDecision #2 (1 page)Why did you select this decision? Be specific and support your response with clinically relevant and patient-specific resources, including the primary literature.Why did you not select the other two options provided in the exercise? Be specific and support your response with clinically relevant and patient-specific resources, including the primary literature.What were you hoping to achieve by making this decision? Support your response with evidence and references to the Learning Resources (including the primary literature).Explain how ethical considerations may impact your treatment plan and communication with patients. Be specific and provide examples. NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsDecision #3 (1 page)Why did you select this decision? Be specific and support your response with clinically relevant and patient-specific resources, including the primary literature.Why did you not select the other two options provided in the exercise? Be specific and support your response with clinically relevant and patient-specific resources, including the primary literature.What were you hoping to achieve by making this decision? Support your response with evidence and references to the Learning Resources (including the primary literature).Explain how ethical considerations may impact your treatment plan and communication with patients. Be specific and provide examples. NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsConclusion (1 page)Summarize your recommendations on the treatment options you selected for this patient. Be sure to justify your recommendations and support your response with clinically relevant and patient-specific resources, including the primary literature.Note: Support your rationale with a minimum of five academic resources. While you may use the course text to support your rationale, it will not count toward the resource requirement. You should be utilizing the primary and secondary literature.Reminder : The College of Nursing requires that all papers submitted include a title page, introduction, summary, and references. The Sample Paper provided at the Walden Writing Center provides an example of those required elements (available at https://academicguides.waldenu.edu/writingcenter/templates/general#s-lg-box-20293632). All papers submitted must use this formatting. NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsBy Day 7Submit your Assignment. Rubric Detail Select Grid View or List View to change the rubric’s layout.ContentName: NURS_6630_Week7_Assignment_RubricGrid ViewList View NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsExcellentPoint range: 90–100GoodPoint range: 80–89FairPoint range: 70–79PoorPoint range: 0–69Introduction to the case (1 page)Briefly explain and summarize the case for this Assignment. Be sure to include the specific patient factors that may impact your decision making when prescribing medication for this patient.Points Range: 9 (9%) – 10 (10%)The response accurately, clearly, and fully summarizes in detail the case for the Assignment. NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsThe response accurately and clearly explains in detail the specific patient factors that impact decision making when prescribing medication for this patient.Points Range: 8 (8%) – 8 (8%)The response accurately summarizes the case for the Assignment.The response accurately explains the specific patient factors that impact decision making with prescribing medication for this patient.Points Range: 7 (7%) – 7 (7%)The response inaccurately or vaguely summarizes the case for the Assignment.The response inaccurately or vaguely explains the specific patient factors that impact decision making with prescribing medication for this patient.Points Range: 0 (0%) – 6 (6%)The response inaccurately and vaguely summarizes the case for the Assignment, or is missing.NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsThe response inaccurately and vaguely explains the specific patient factors that impact decision making with prescribing medication for this patient.Decision #1 (1–2 pages)• Which decision did you select?• Why did you select this decision? Be specific and support your response with clinically relevant and patient-specific resources, including the primary literature.• Why did you not select the other two options provided in the exercise? Be specific and support your response with clinically relevant and patient-specific resources, including the primary literature.• What were you hoping to achieve by making this decision? Support your response with evidence and references to the Learning Resources (including the primary literature).• Explain how ethical considerations may impact your treatment plan and communication with patients. Be specific and provide examples.Points Range: 18 (18%) – 20 (20%)The response accurately and clearly explains in detail the decision selected. NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsThe response accurately and clearly explains in detail why the decision was selected, with specific clinically relevant resources that fully support the decision selected. NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsThe response accurately and clearly explains in detail why the other two responses were not selected, with specific clinically relevant resources that fully support the response.The response accurately and clearly explains in detail the outcome the student was hoping to achieve with the selected decision, with specific clinically relevant resources that fully support the response. NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsThe response accurately and clearly explains in detail how ethical considerations impact the treatment plan and communication with patients.Examples provided fully support the decisions and responses provided.Points Range: 16 (16%) – 17 (17%)The response accurately explains the decision selected.The response explains why the decision was selected, with specific clinically relevant resources that support the decision selected.The response accurately explains why the other two responses were not selected, with specific clinically relevant resources that support the response.The response accurately explains the outcome the student was hoping to achieve with the selected decision, with specific clinically relevant resources that support the response.The response accurately explains how ethical considerations impact the treatment plan and communication with patients.Examples provided support the decisions and responses provided. NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsPoints Range: 14 (14%) – 15 (15%)The response inaccurately or vaguely explains the decision selected. NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsThe response inaccurately or vaguely explains why the decision was selected, with specific clinically relevant resources that inaccurately or vaguely support the decision selected.NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsThe response inaccurately or vaguely explains why the other two responses were not selected, with specific clinically relevant resources that inaccurately or vaguely support the response.The response inaccurately or vaguely explains the outcome the student was hoping to achieve with the selected decision, with specific clinically relevant resources that inaccurately or vaguely support the response.The response inaccurately or vaguely explains how ethical considerations impact the treatment plan and communication with patients.Examples provided may support the decisions and responses provided.Points Range: 0 (0%) – 13 (13%)The response inaccurately and vaguely explains the decision selected.The response inaccurately and vaguely explains why the decision was selected, with specific clinically relevant resources that do not support the decision selected, or is missing.The response inaccurately and vaguely explains why the other two responses were not selected, with specific clinically relevant resources that do not support the decision selected, or is missing.The response inaccurately and vaguely explains the outcome the student was hoping to achieve with the selected decision, with specific clinically relevant resources that do not support the response, or is missing.The response inaccurately and vaguely explains how ethical considerations impact the treatment plan and communication with patients, or is missing.Examples provided do not support the decisions and responses provided, or is missing. NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsDecision #2 (1–2 pages)• Which decision did you select?• Why did you select this decision? Be specific and support your response with clinically relevant and patient-specific resources, including the primary literature.• Why did you not select the other two options provided in the exercise? Be specific and support your response with clinically relevant and patient-specific resources, including the primary literature.• What were you hoping to achieve by making this decision? Support your response with evidence and references to the Learning Resources (including the primary literature).• Explain how ethical considerations may impact your treatment plan and communication with patients. Be specific and provide examples.Points Range: 18 (18%) – 20 (20%)The response accurately and clearly explains in detail the decision selected.NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsThe response accurately and clearly explains in detail why the decision was selected, with specific clinically relevant resources that fully support the decision selected.The response accurately and clearly explains in detail why the other two responses were not selected, with specific clinically relevant resources that fully support the response. NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsThe response accurately and clearly explains in detail the outcome the student was hoping to achieve with the selected decision, with specific clinically relevant resources that fully support the response. NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsThe response accurately and clearly explains in detail how ethical considerations impact the treatment plan and communication with patients.Examples provided fully support the decisions and responses provided.Points Range: 16 (16%) – 17 (17%)The response accurately explains the decision selected.The response explains why the decision was selected, with specific clinically relevant resources that support the decision selected.The response accurately explains why the other two responses were not selected, with specific clinically relevant resources that support the response.The response accurately explains the outcome the student was hoping to achieve with the selected decision, with specific clinically relevant resources that support the response.The response accurately explains how ethical considerations impact the treatment plan and communication with patients.Examples provided support the decisions and responses provided.Points Range: 14 (14%) – 15 (15%)The response inaccurately or vaguely explains the decision selected.The response inaccurately or vaguely explains why the decision was selected, with specific clinically relevant resources that inaccurately or vaguely support the decision selected.The response inaccurately or vaguely explains why the other two responses were not selected, with specific clinically relevant resources that inaccurately or vaguely support the response. NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsThe response inaccurately or vaguely explains the outcome the student was hoping to achieve with the selected decision, with specific clinically relevant resources that inaccurately or vaguely support the response. NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsThe response inaccurately or vaguely explains how ethical considerations impact the treatment plan and communication with patients.Examples provided may support the decisions and responses provided.Points Range: 0 (0%) – 13 (13%)The response inaccurately and vaguely explains in detail the decision selected.The response inaccurately and vaguely explains why the decision was selected, with specific clinically relevant resources that do not support the decision selected, or is missing.The response inaccurately and vaguely explains why the other two responses were not selected, with specific clinically relevant resources that do not support the decision selected, or is missing.The response inaccurately and vaguely explains the outcome the student was hoping to achieve with the selected decision, with specific clinically relevant resources that do not support the response, or is missing.The response inaccurately and vaguely explains how ethical considerations impact the treatment plan and communication with patients, or is missing.Examples provided do not support the decisions and responses provided, or is missing.Decision #3 (1–2 pages)• Which decision did you select?• Why did you select this decision? Be specific and support your response with clinically relevant and patient-specific resources, including the primary literature.• Why did you not select the other two options provided in the exercise? Be specific and support your response with clinically relevant and patient-specific resources, including the primary literature.• What were you hoping to achieve by making this decision? Support your response with evidence and references to the Learning Resources (including the primary literature).• Explain how ethical considerations may impact your treatment plan and communication with patients. Be specific and provide examples.Points Range: 18 (18%) – 20 (20%)The response accurately and clearly explains in detail the decision selected.The response accurately and clearly explains in detail why the decision was selected, with specific clinically relevant resources that fully support the decision selected. NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsThe response accurately and clearly explains in detail why the other two responses were not selected, with specific clinically relevant resources that fully support the response.The response accurately and clearly explains in detail the outcome the student was hoping to achieve with the selected decision, with specific clinically relevant resources that fully support the response. NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsThe response accurately and clearly explains in detail how ethical considerations impact the treatment plan and communication with patients.Examples provided fully support the decisions and responses provided. NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology Assignments NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsPoints Range: 16 (16%) – 17 (17%)The response accurately explains the decision selected.The response explains why the decision was selected, with specific clinically relevant resources that support the decision selected.The response accurately explains why the other two responses were not selected, with specific clinically relevant resources that support the response.The response accurately explains the outcome the student was hoping to achieve with the selected decision, with specific clinically relevant resources that support the response.The response accurately explains how ethical considerations impact the treatment plan and communication with patients.Examples provided support the decisions and responses provided.Points Range: 14 (14%) – 15 (15%)The response inaccurately or vaguely explains the decision selected.The response inaccurately or vaguely explains why the decision was selected, with specific clinically relevant resources that inaccurately or vaguely support the decision selected.The response inaccurately or vaguely explains why the other two responses were not selected, with specific clinically relevant resources that inaccurately or vaguely support the response. NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsThe response inaccurately or vaguely explains the outcome the student was hoping to achieve with the selected decision, with specific clinically relevant resources that inaccurately or vaguely support the response.The response inaccurately or vaguely explains how ethical considerations impact the treatment plan and communication with patients.Examples provided may support the decisions and responses provided.Points Range: 0 (0%) – 13 (13%)The response inaccurately and vaguely explains in detail the decision selected.The response inaccurately and vaguely explains why the decision was selected, with specific clinically relevant resources that do not support the decision selected, or is missing.The response inaccurately and vaguely explains why the other two responses were not selected, with specific clinically relevant resources that do not support the decision selected, or is missing.The response inaccurately and vaguely explains the outcome the student was hoping to achieve with the selected decision, with specific clinically relevant resources that do not support the response, or is missing.The response inaccurately and vaguely explains how ethical considerations impact the treatment plan and communication with patients, or is missing.Examples provided do not support the decisions and responses provided, or is missing. NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsConclusion (1 page)• Summarize your recommendations on the treatment options you selected for this patient. Be sure to justify your recommendations and support your response with clinically relevant and patient-specific resources, including the primary literature.Points Range: 14 (14%) – 15 (15%)The response accurately and clearly summarizes in detail the recommendations on the treatment options selected for this patient. NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsThe response accurately and clearly explains a justification for the recommendations provided, including clinically relevant resources that fully support the recommendations provided.Points Range: 12 (12%) – 13 (13%)The response accurately summarizes the recommendations on the treatment options selected for this patient.The response accurately explains a justification for the recommendation provided, including clinically relevant resources that support the recommendations provided.Points Range: 11 (11%) – 11 (11%)The response inaccurately or vaguely summarizes the recommendations on the treatment options selected for this patient. NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsThe response inaccurately or vaguely explains a justification for the recommendations provided, including clinically relevant resources that inaccurately or vaguely support the recommendations provided.Points Range: 0 (0%) – 10 (10%)The response inaccurately and vaguely summarizes the recommendations on the treatment options selected for this patient, or is missing.The response inaccurately and vaguely explains a justification for the recommendations provided, including clinically relevant resources that do not support the recommendations provided, or is missing.Written Expression and Formatting – Paragraph Development and Organization:Paragraphs make clear points that support well-developed ideas, flow logically, and demonstrate continuity of ideas. Sentences are carefully focused—neither long and rambling nor short and lacking substance. A clear and comprehensive purpose statement and introduction are provided that delineate all required criteria. NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsPoints Range: 5 (5%) – 5 (5%)Paragraphs and sentences follow writing standards for flow, continuity, and clarity.A clear and comprehensive purpose statement, introduction, and conclusion are provided that delineate all required criteria.Points Range: 4 (4%) – 4 (4%)Paragraphs and sentences follow writing standards for flow, continuity, and clarity 80% of the time. NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsPurpose, introduction, and conclusion of the assignment are stated, yet they are brief and not descriptive.Points Range: 3.5 (3.5%) – 3.5 (3.5%)Paragraphs and sentences follow writing standards for flow, continuity, and clarity 60%–79% of the time.Purpose, introduction, and conclusion of the assignment is vague or off topic.Points Range: 0 (0%) – 3 (3%)Paragraphs and sentences follow writing standards for flow, continuity, and clarity < 60% of the time.No purpose statement, introduction, or conclusion were provided. NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsWritten Expression and Formatting – English writing standards:Correct grammar, mechanics, and proper punctuationPoints Range: 5 (5%) – 5 (5%)Uses correct grammar, spelling, and punctuation with no errors.Points Range: 4 (4%) – 4 (4%)Contains a few (1 or 2) grammar, spelling, and punctuation errors.Points Range: 3.5 (3.5%) – 3.5 (3.5%)Contains several (3 or 4) grammar, spelling, and punctuation errors.Points Range: 0 (0%) – 3 (3%)Contains many (≥ 5) grammar, spelling, and punctuation errors that interfere with the reader’s understanding.Written Expression and Formatting – The paper follows correct APA format for title page, headings, font, spacing, margins, indentations, page numbers, parenthetical/in-text citations, and reference list. NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsPoints Range: 5 (5%) – 5 (5%)Uses correct APA format with no errors.Points Range: 4 (4%) – 4 (4%)Contains a few (1 or 2) APA format errors.Points Range: 3.5 (3.5%) – 3.5 (3.5%)Contains several (3 or 4) APA format errors. NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsPoints Range: 0 (0%) – 3 (3%)Contains many (≥ 5) APA format errors. Total Points: 100Name: NURS_6630_Week7_Assignment_RubricWeek 8: Therapy for Patients With Sleep/Wake DisordersFrom negative changes in mood to problems concentrating, sleep/wake disorders can have a tremendous impact on patients’ lives. When patients suffer from these disorders, they often seek medical care with the intent of receiving medications to manage symptoms. However, many of the medications used to treat sleep/wake disorders may be addictive, making thorough patient assessments and close follow-up care essential. To prescribe appropriate therapies with patient safety in mind, you must understand not only the pathophysiology of these disorders but also the pharmacologic agents used to treat them.  NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsThis week, as you study therapies for individuals with sleep/wake disorders, you examine the assessment and treatment of patients with these disorders. You also explore ethical and legal implications of these therapies.Learning ObjectivesStudents will:Synthesize concepts related to the psychopharmacologic treatment of patientsAssess patient factors and history to develop personalized therapy plans for patients with sleep/wake disordersAnalyze factors that influence pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic processes in patients requiring therapy for sleep/wake disordersSynthesize knowledge of providing care to patients presenting for sleep/wake disordersAnalyze ethical and legal implications related to prescribing therapy for patients with sleep/wake disordersLearning Resources NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsRequired Readings (click to expand/reduce)American Psychiatric Association. (2013). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (5th ed.). https://doi.org/10.1176/appi.books.9780890425596Fernandez-Mendoza, J., & Vgontzas, A. N. (2013). Insomnia and its impact on physical and mental health. Current Psychiatry Reports, 15(12), 418. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11920-012-0418-8Levenson, J. C., Kay, D. B., & Buysse, D. J. (2015). The pathophysiology of insomnia. Chest, 147(4), 1179–1192. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4388122/Morgenthaler, T. I., Kapur, V. K., Brown, T. M., Swick, T. J., Alessi, C., Aurora, R. N., Boehlecke, B., Chesson, A. L., Friedman, L., Maganti, R., Owens, J., Pancer, J., & Zak, R. (2007). Practice parameters for the treatment of narcolepsy and other hypersomnias of central origin. SLEEP, 30(12), 1705–1711. https://j2vjt3dnbra3ps7ll1clb4q2-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/wp-content/uploads/2017/07/PP_Narcolepsy.pdfMorgenthaler, T. I., Owens, J., Alessi, C., Boehlecke, B, Brown, T. M., Coleman, J., Friedman, L., Kapur, V. K., Lee-Chiong, T., Pancer, J., & Swick, T. J. (2006). Practice parameters for behavioral treatment of bedtime problems and night wakings in infants and young children. SLEEP, 29(1), 1277–1281. https://j2vjt3dnbra3ps7ll1clb4q2-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/wp-content/uploads/2017/07/PP_NightWakingsChildren.pdfSateia, M. J., Buysse, D. J., Krystal, A. D., Neubauer, D. N., & Heald, J. L. (2017). Clinical practice guideline for the pharmacologic treatment of chronic insomnia in adults: An American Academy of Sleep Medicine clinical practice guideline. Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine, 13(2), 307–349. https://jcsm.aasm.org/doi/pdf/10.5664/jcsm.6470Winkleman, J. W. (2015). Insomnia disorder. The New England Journal of Medicine, 373(15), 1437–1444. https://doi.org/10.1056/NEJMcp1412740Medication Resources (click to expand/reduce)Required Media (click to expand/reduce) NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsAssignment 1: Short Answer AssessmentAs a psychiatric nurse practitioner, you will likely encounter patients who suffer from various mental health disorders. Not surprisingly, ensuring that your patients have the appropriate psychopharmacologic treatments will be essential for their overall health and well-being. The psychopharmacologic treatments you might recommend for patients may have potential impacts on other mental health conditions and, therefore, require additional consideration for positive patient outcomes. For this Assignment, you will review and apply your understanding of psychopharmacologic treatments for patients with multiple mental health disorders. NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology Assignments Photo Credit: Getty Images/Collection Mix: SubTo PrepareReview the Learning Resources for this week. NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsReflect on the psychopharmacologic treatments that you have covered up to this point that may be available to treat patients with mental health disorders.Consider the potential effects these psychopharmacologic treatments may have on co-existing mental health conditions and/or their potential effects on your patient’s overall health.To complete:Address the following Short Answer prompts for your Assignment. Be sure to include references to the Learning Resources for this week. NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsIn 3 or 4 sentences, explain the appropriate drug therapy for a patient who presents with MDD and a history of alcohol abuse. Which drugs are contraindicated, if any, and why? Be specific. What is the timeframe that the patient should see resolution of symptoms?List 4 predictors of late onset generalized anxiety disorder.List 4 potential neurobiology causes of psychotic major depression.An episode of major depression is defined as a period of time lasting at least 2 weeks. List at least 5 symptoms required for the episode to occur. Be specific.List 3 classes of drugs, with a corresponding example for each class, that precipitate insomnia. Be specific.By Day 7This Assignment is due.Submission and Grading InformationTo submit your completed Assignment for review and grading, do the following:Please save your Assignment using the naming convention “WK8Assgn1+last name+first initial.(extension)” as the name. NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsClick the Week 8 Assignment 1 Rubric to review the Grading Criteria for the Assignment.Click the Week 8 Assignment 1 link. You will also be able to “View Rubric” for grading criteria from this area.Next, from the Attach File area, click on the Browse My Computer button. Find the document you saved as “WK8Assgn1+last name+first initial.(extension)” and click Open.If applicable: From the Plagiarism Tools area, click the checkbox for I agree to submit my paper(s) to the Global Reference Database.Click on the Submit button to complete your submission. Rubric Detail Select Grid View or List View to change the rubric’s layout.ContentName: NURS_6630_Week8_Assignment1_Rubric NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsGrid ViewList ViewExcellentPoint range: 90–100GoodPoint range: 80–89FairPoint range: 70–79PoorPoint range: 0–69In 3 or 4 sentences, explain the appropriate drug therapy for a patient who presents with MDD and a history of alcohol abuse. Which drugs are contraindicated, if any, and why. Be specific. What it is the timeframe that the patient should see resolution of symptoms? NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsPoints Range: 12 (16%) – 13 (17.33%)The response accurately and clearly explains in detail the appropriate drug therapy for a patient who presents with MDD and a history of alcohol abuse.The response accurately and clearly details which drugs are contraindicated with specific examples. NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsThe response accurately and clearly explains in detail the timeframe that the patient should see resolution of symptoms.Points Range: 11 (14.67%) – 11 (14.67%)The response accurately explains the appropriate drug therapy for a patient who presents with MDD and a history of alcohol abuse.The response accurately identifies which drugs are contraindicated with specific examples.The response accurately explains the timeframe that the patient should see resolution of symptoms.Points Range: 10 (13.33%) – 10 (13.33%)The response inaccurately or vaguely explains the appropriate drug therapy for a patient who presents with MDD and a history of alcohol abuse.The response inaccurately or vaguely identifies which drugs are contraindicated with inaccurate or vague examples. NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsThe response inaccurately or vaguely explains the timeframe that the patient should see resolution of symptoms. NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsPoints Range: 0 (0%) – 9 (12%)The response inaccurately and vaguely explains the appropriate drug therapy for a patient who presents with MDD and a history of alcohol abuse, or is missing.The response inaccurately and vaguely identifies which drugs are contraindicated with inaccurate examples, or is missing.The response inaccurately and vaguely explains the timeframe that the patient should see resolution of symptoms, or is missing.List four predictors of late onset generalized anxiety disorder. NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsPoints Range: 12 (16%) – 13 (17.33%)The response accurately and clearly lists in detail four predictors of late-onset generalized anxiety disorder.Points Range: 11 (14.67%) – 11 (14.67%)The response accurately lists four predictors of late-onset generalized anxiety disorder.Points Range: 10 (13.33%) – 10 (13.33%)The response inaccurately or vaguely lists four predictors of late-onset generalized anxiety disorder.Points Range: 0 (0%) – 9 (12%)The response inaccurately and vaguely lists four predictors of late-onset generalized anxiety disorder, or is missing.List four potential neurobiology causes of psychotic major depression. NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsPoints Range: 12 (16%) – 13 (17.33%)The response accurately and clearly lists in detail four potential neurobiology causes of psychotic major depression.Points Range: 11 (14.67%) – 11 (14.67%)The response accurately lists four potential neurobiology causes of psychotic major depression.Points Range: 10 (13.33%) – 10 (13.33%)The response inaccurately or vaguely lists four potential neurobiology causes of psychotic major depression. NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology Assignments NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsPoints Range: 0 (0%) – 9 (12%)The response inaccurately and vaguely lists four potential neurobiology causes of psychotic major depression.An episode of major depression is defined as a period of time lasting at least 2 weeks. List at least five symptoms required for the episode to occur. Be specific. NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsPoints Range: 12 (16%) – 13 (17.33%)The response accurately and clearly explains in detail at least five symptoms for the episode of major depression to occur.Specific examples provided fully support the response. NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsPoints Range: 11 (14.67%) – 11 (14.67%)The response accurately explains at least five symptoms for the episode of major depression to occur.Specific examples provided support the response.Points Range: 10 (13.33%) – 10 (13.33%)The response inaccurately or vaguely explains at least five symptoms for the episode of major depression to occur.Specific examples provided inaccurately or vaguely support the response. NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsPoints Range: 0 (0%) – 9 (12%)The response inaccurately and vaguely explains at least five symptoms for the episode of major depression to occur, or is missing.Specific examples provided do not support the response, or is missing.List 3 classes of drugs, with a corresponding example for each class, that precipitate insomnia. Be specific.Points Range: 12 (16%) – 13 (17.33%)The response accurately and clearly lists in detail 3 classes of drugs, with a corresponding example for each class, that precipitate insomnia. NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsExamples provided fully support the response provided.Points Range: 11 (14.67%) – 11 (14.67%)The response accurately lists 3 classes of drugs, with a corresponding example for each class, that precipitate insomnia.Examples provided support the response provided.Points Range: 10 (13.33%) – 10 (13.33%)The response inaccurately or vaguely lists 3 classes of drugs, with a corresponding example for each class, that precipitate insomnia.Examples provided inaccurately or vaguely support the response provided.Points Range: 0 (0%) – 9 (12%)The response inaccurately and vaguely lists 3 classes of drugs, with a corresponding example for each class, that precipitate insomnia, or is missing. NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsExamples provided do not support the response provided, or is missing.Written Expression and Formatting – English writing standards:Correct grammar, mechanics, and proper punctuationPoints Range: 5 (6.67%) – 5 (6.67%)Uses correct grammar, spelling, and punctuation with no errors.Points Range: 4 (5.33%) – 4 (5.33%)Contains a few (1 or 2) grammar, spelling, and punctuation errors.Points Range: 3.5 (4.67%) – 3.5 (4.67%)Contains several (3 or 4) grammar, spelling, and punctuation errors.Points Range: 0 (0%) – 2 (2.67%)Contains many (≥ 5) grammar, spelling, and punctuation errors that interfere with the reader’s understanding.Written Expression and Formatting – The paper follows correct APA format for title page, headings, font, spacing, margins, indentations, page numbers, parenthetical/in-text citations, and reference list. NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsPoints Range: 5 (6.67%) – 5 (6.67%)Uses correct APA format with no errors.Points Range: 4 (5.33%) – 4 (5.33%)Contains a few (1 or 2) APA format errors. NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsPoints Range: 3.5 (4.67%) – 3.5 (4.67%)Contains several (3 or 4) APA format errors.Points Range: 0 (0%) – 2 (2.67%)Contains many (≥ 5) APA format errors. Total Points: 75Name: NURS_6630_Week8_Assignment1_Rubric NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsCheck Your Assignment Draft for AuthenticityTo check your Assignment draft for authenticity:Submit your Week 8 Assignment 1 draft and review the originality report.Submit Your Assignment by Day 7 of Week 8To participate in this Assignment: NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsWeek 8 Assignment 1Assignment 2: Assessing and Treating Patients With Sleep/Wake Disorderssleep disorders are conditions that result in changes in an individual’s pattern of sleep (Mayo Clinic, 2020). Not surprisingly, a sleep disorder can affect an individual’s overall health, safety, and quality of life. Psychiatric nurse practitioners can treat sleep disorders with psychopharmacologic treatments, however, many of these drugs can have negative effects on other aspects of a patient’s health and well-being. Additionally, while psychopharmacologic treatments may be able to address issues with sleep, they can also exert potential challenges with waking patterns. Thus, it is important for the psychiatric nurse practitioner to carefully evaluate the best psychopharmacologic treatments for patients that present with sleep/wake disorders.Reference: Mayo Clinic. (2020). Sleep disorders. https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/sleep-disorders/symptoms-causes/syc-20354018To prepare for this Assignment: NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsReview this week’s Learning Resources, including the Medication Resources indicated for this week.Reflect on the psychopharmacologic treatments you might recommend for the assessment and treatment of patients with sleep/wake disorders.The Assignment: 5 pagesExamine Case Study: Pharmacologic Approaches to the Treatment of Insomnia in a Younger Adult. You will be asked to make three decisions concerning the medication to prescribe to this patient. Be sure to consider factors that might impact the patient’s pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic processes.At each decision point, you should evaluate all options before selecting your decision and moving throughout the exercise. Before you make your decision, make sure that you have researched each option and that you evaluate the decision that you will select. Be sure to research each option using the primary literature. NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsIntroduction to the case (1 page)Briefly explain and summarize the case for this Assignment. Be sure to include the specific patient factors that may impact your decision making when prescribing medication for this patient.Decision #1 (1 page)Which decision did you select?Why did you select this decision? Be specific and support your response with clinically relevant and patient-specific resources, including the primary literature.Why did you not select the other two options provided in the exercise? Be specific and support your response with clinically relevant and patient-specific resources, including the primary literature.What were you hoping to achieve by making this decision? Support your response with evidence and references to the Learning Resources (including the primary literature).Explain how ethical considerations may impact your treatment plan and communication with patients. Be specific and provide examples. NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsDecision #2 (1 page)Why did you select this decision? Be specific and support your response with clinically relevant and patient-specific resources, including the primary literature.Why did you not select the other two options provided in the exercise? Be specific and support your response with clinically relevant and patient-specific resources, including the primary literature.What were you hoping to achieve by making this decision? Support your response with evidence and references to the Learning Resources (including the primary literature).Explain how ethical considerations may impact your treatment plan and communication with patients. Be specific and provide examples. NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsDecision #3 (1 page)Why did you select this decision? Be specific and support your response with clinically relevant and patient-specific resources, including the primary literature.Why did you not select the other two options provided in the exercise? Be specific and support your response with clinically relevant and patient-specific resources, including the primary literature.What were you hoping to achieve by making this decision? Support your response with evidence and references to the Learning Resources (including the primary literature).Explain how ethical considerations may impact your treatment plan and communication with patients. Be specific and provide examples. NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsConclusion (1 page)Summarize your recommendations on the treatment options you selected for this patient. Be sure to justify your recommendations and support your response with clinically relevant and patient-specific resources, including the primary literature.Note: Support your rationale with a minimum of five academic resources. While you may use the course text to support your rationale, it will not count toward the resource requirement. You should be utilizing the primary and secondary literature.Reminder : The College of Nursing requires that all papers submitted include a title page, introduction, summary, and references. The Sample Paper provided at the Walden Writing Center provides an example of those required elements (available at https://academicguides.waldenu.edu/writingcenter/templates/general#s-lg-box-20293632). All papers submitted must use this formatting.By Day 7Submit your Assignment.  NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsSubmission and Grading InformationTo submit your completed Assignment for review and grading, do the following:Please save your Assignment using the naming convention “WK8Assgn2+last name+first initial.(extension)” as the name.Click the Week 8 Assignment 2 Rubric to review the Grading Criteria for the Assignment.Click the Week 8 Assignment 2 link. You will also be able to “View Rubric” for grading criteria from this area.Next, from the Attach File area, click on the Browse My Computer button. Find the document you saved as “WK8Assgn2+last name+first initial.(extension)” and click Open.If applicable: From the Plagiarism Tools area, click the checkbox for I agree to submit my paper(s) to the Global Reference Database.Click on the Submit button to complete your submission. Rubric Detail Select Grid View or List View to change the rubric’s layout.ContentName: NURS_6630_Week8_Assignment2_Rubric NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsGrid ViewList ViewExcellentNURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsPoint range: 90–100GoodPoint range: 80–89FairPoint range: 70–79PoorPoint range: 0–69Introduction to the case (1 page)Briefly explain and summarize the case for this Assignment. Be sure to include the specific patient factors that may impact your decision making when prescribing medication for this patient.Points Range: 9 (9%) – 10 (10%)The response accurately, clearly, and fully summarizes in detail the case for the Assignment.The response accurately and clearly explains in detail the specific patient factors that impact decision making when prescribing medication for this patient. NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsPoints Range: 8 (8%) – 8 (8%)The response accurately summarizes the case for the Assignment.The response accurately explains the specific patient factors that impact decision making with prescribing medication for this patient.Points Range: 7 (7%) – 7 (7%)The response inaccurately or vaguely summarizes the case for the Assignment.The response inaccurately or vaguely explains the specific patient factors that impact decision making with prescribing medication for this patient. NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsPoints Range: 0 (0%) – 6 (6%)The response inaccurately and vaguely summarizes the case for the Assignment, or is missing.The response inaccurately and vaguely explains the specific patient factors that impact decision making with prescribing medication for this patient.Decision #1 (1–2 pages)• Which decision did you select?• Why did you select this decision? Be specific and support your response with clinically relevant and patient-specific resources, including the primary literature.• Why did you not select the other two options provided in the exercise? Be specific and support your response with clinically relevant and patient-specific resources, including the primary literature.• What were you hoping to achieve by making this decision? Support your response with evidence and references to the Learning Resources (including the primary literature).• Explain how ethical considerations may impact your treatment plan and communication with patients. Be specific and provide examples.Points Range: 18 (18%) – 20 (20%)The response accurately and clearly explains in detail the decision selected.The response accurately and clearly explains in detail why the decision was selected, with specific clinically relevant resources that fully support the decision selected.The response accurately and clearly explains in detail why the other two responses were not selected, with specific clinically relevant resources that fully support the response.NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsThe response accurately and clearly explains in detail the outcome the student was hoping to achieve with the selected decision, with specific clinically relevant resources that fully support the response.NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsThe response accurately and clearly explains in detail how ethical considerations impact the treatment plan and communication with patients.Examples provided fully support the decisions and responses provided. NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsPoints Range: 16 (16%) – 17 (17%)The response accurately explains the decision selected.The response explains why the decision was selected, with specific clinically relevant resources that support the decision selected.The response accurately explains why the other two responses were not selected, with specific clinically relevant resources that support the response.The response accurately explains the outcome the student was hoping to achieve with the selected decision, with specific clinically relevant resources that support the response.The response accurately explains how ethical considerations impact the treatment plan and communication with patients.Examples provided support the decisions and responses provided.Points Range: 14 (14%) – 15 (15%)The response inaccurately or vaguely explains the decision selected.The response inaccurately or vaguely explains why the decision was selected, with specific clinically relevant resources that inaccurately or vaguely support the decision selected.The response inaccurately or vaguely explains why the other two responses were not selected, with specific clinically relevant resources that inaccurately or vaguely support the response. NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsThe response inaccurately or vaguely explains the outcome the student was hoping to achieve with the selected decision, with specific clinically relevant resources that inaccurately or vaguely support the response. NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsThe response inaccurately or vaguely explains how ethical considerations impact the treatment plan and communication with patients.Examples provided may support the decisions and responses provided.Points Range: 0 (0%) – 13 (13%)The response inaccurately and vaguely explains the decision selected.The response inaccurately and vaguely explains why the decision was selected, with specific clinically relevant resources that do not support the decision selected, or is missing.The response inaccurately and vaguely explains why the other two responses were not selected, with specific clinically relevant resources that do not support the decision selected, or is missing.The response inaccurately and vaguely explains the outcome the student was hoping to achieve with the selected decision, with specific clinically relevant resources that do not support the response, or is missing.The response inaccurately and vaguely explains how ethical considerations impact the treatment plan and communication with patients, or is missing.Examples provided do not support the decisions and responses provided, or is missing. NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsDecision #2 (1–2 pages)• Which decision did you select?• Why did you select this decision? Be specific and support your response with clinically relevant and patient-specific resources, including the primary literature.• Why did you not select the other two options provided in the exercise? Be specific and support your response with clinically relevant and patient-specific resources, including the primary literature.• What were you hoping to achieve by making this decision? Support your response with evidence and references to the Learning Resources (including the primary literature).• Explain how ethical considerations may impact your treatment plan and communication with patients. Be specific and provide examples.Points Range: 18 (18%) – 20 (20%)The response accurately and clearly explains in detail the decision selected.NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsThe response accurately and clearly explains in detail why the decision was selected, with specific clinically relevant resources that fully support the decision selected.The response accurately and clearly explains in detail why the other two responses were not selected, with specific clinically relevant resources that fully support the response.NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsThe response accurately and clearly explains in detail the outcome the student was hoping to achieve with the selected decision, with specific clinically relevant resources that fully support the response. NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsThe response accurately and clearly explains in detail how ethical considerations impact the treatment plan and communication with patients.Examples provided fully support the decisions and responses provided. NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsPoints Range: 16 (16%) – 17 (17%)The response accurately explains the decision selected.The response explains why the decision was selected, with specific clinically relevant resources that support the decision selected.The response accurately explains why the other two responses were not selected, with specific clinically relevant resources that support the response.The response accurately explains the outcome the student was hoping to achieve with the selected decision, with specific clinically relevant resources that support the response.The response accurately explains how ethical considerations impact the treatment plan and communication with patients.Examples provided support the decisions and responses provided.Points Range: 14 (14%) – 15 (15%)The response inaccurately or vaguely explains the decision selected. NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsThe response inaccurately or vaguely explains why the decision was selected, with specific clinically relevant resources that inaccurately or vaguely support the decision selected.NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsThe response inaccurately or vaguely explains why the other two responses were not selected, with specific clinically relevant resources that inaccurately or vaguely support the response.The response inaccurately or vaguely explains the outcome the student was hoping to achieve with the selected decision, with specific clinically relevant resources that inaccurately or vaguely support the response.The response inaccurately or vaguely explains how ethical considerations impact the treatment plan and communication with patients.Examples provided may support the decisions and responses provided.Points Range: 0 (0%) – 13 (13%)The response inaccurately and vaguely explains in detail the decision selected.The response inaccurately and vaguely explains why the decision was selected, with specific clinically relevant resources that do not support the decision selected, or is missing.The response inaccurately and vaguely explains why the other two responses were not selected, with specific clinically relevant resources that do not support the decision selected, or is missing.The response inaccurately and vaguely explains the outcome the student was hoping to achieve with the selected decision, with specific clinically relevant resources that do not support the response, or is missing. NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsThe response inaccurately and vaguely explains how ethical considerations impact the treatment plan and communication with patients, or is missing.Examples provided do not support the decisions and responses provided, or is missing. NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsDecision #3 (1–2 pages)• Which decision did you select?• Why did you select this decision? Be specific and support your response with clinically relevant and patient-specific resources, including the primary literature.• Why did you not select the other two options provided in the exercise? Be specific and support your response with clinically relevant and patient-specific resources, including the primary literature.• What were you hoping to achieve by making this decision? Support your response with evidence and references to the Learning Resources (including the primary literature).• Explain how ethical considerations may impact your treatment plan and communication with patients. Be specific and provide examples. NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsPoints Range: 18 (18%) – 20 (20%)The response accurately and clearly explains in detail the decision selected.NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsThe response accurately and clearly explains in detail why the decision was selected, with specific clinically relevant resources that fully support the decision selected.NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsThe response accurately and clearly explains in detail why the other two responses were not selected, with specific clinically relevant resources that fully support the response.NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsThe response accurately and clearly explains in detail the outcome the student was hoping to achieve with the selected decision, with specific clinically relevant resources that fully support the response.The response accurately and clearly explains in detail how ethical considerations impact the treatment plan and communication with patients.Examples provided fully support the decisions and responses provided.Points Range: 16 (16%) – 17 (17%)The response accurately explains the decision selected.The response explains why the decision was selected, with specific clinically relevant resources that support the decision selected.The response accurately explains why the other two responses were not selected, with specific clinically relevant resources that support the response.The response accurately explains the outcome the student was hoping to achieve with the selected decision, with specific clinically relevant resources that support the response.The response accurately explains how ethical considerations impact the treatment plan and communication with patients.Examples provided support the decisions and responses provided.Points Range: 14 (14%) – 15 (15%)The response inaccurately or vaguely explains the decision selected.NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsThe response inaccurately or vaguely explains why the decision was selected, with specific clinically relevant resources that inaccurately or vaguely support the decision selected.The response inaccurately or vaguely explains why the other two responses were not selected, with specific clinically relevant resources that inaccurately or vaguely support the response. NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsThe response inaccurately or vaguely explains the outcome the student was hoping to achieve with the selected decision, with specific clinically relevant resources that inaccurately or vaguely support the response.The response inaccurately or vaguely explains how ethical considerations impact the treatment plan and communication with patients.Examples provided may support the decisions and responses provided.Points Range: 0 (0%) – 13 (13%)The response inaccurately and vaguely explains in detail the decision selected.The response inaccurately and vaguely explains why the decision was selected, with specific clinically relevant resources that do not support the decision selected, or is missing.The response inaccurately and vaguely explains why the other two responses were not selected, with specific clinically relevant resources that do not support the decision selected, or is missing.The response inaccurately and vaguely explains the outcome the student was hoping to achieve with the selected decision, with specific clinically relevant resources that do not support the response, or is missing.The response inaccurately and vaguely explains how ethical considerations impact the treatment plan and communication with patients, or is missing.Examples provided do not support the decisions and responses provided, or is missing. NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsConclusion (1 page)• Summarize your recommendations on the treatment options you selected for this patient. Be sure to justify your recommendations and support your response with clinically relevant and patient-specific resources, including the primary literature.Points Range: 14 (14%) – 15 (15%)The response accurately and clearly summarizes in detail the recommendations on the treatment options selected for this patient. NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsThe response accurately and clearly explains a justification for the recommendations provided, including clinically relevant resources that fully support the recommendations provided.Points Range: 12 (12%) – 13 (13%)The response accurately summarizes the recommendations on the treatment options selected for this patient.The response accurately explains a justification for the recommendation provided, including clinically relevant resources that support the recommendations provided.Points Range: 11 (11%) – 11 (11%)The response inaccurately or vaguely summarizes the recommendations on the treatment options selected for this patient.The response inaccurately or vaguely explains a justification for the recommendations provided, including clinically relevant resources that inaccurately or vaguely support the recommendations provided.Points Range: 0 (0%) – 10 (10%)The response inaccurately and vaguely summarizes the recommendations on the treatment options selected for this patient, or is missing. NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsThe response inaccurately and vaguely explains a justification for the recommendations provided, including clinically relevant resources that do not support the recommendations provided, or is missing.Written Expression and Formatting – Paragraph Development and Organization:Paragraphs make clear points that support well-developed ideas, flow logically, and demonstrate continuity of ideas. Sentences are carefully focused—neither long and rambling nor short and lacking substance. A clear and comprehensive purpose statement and introduction are provided that delineate all required criteria. NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsPoints Range: 5 (5%) – 5 (5%)Paragraphs and sentences follow writing standards for flow, continuity, and clarity.A clear and comprehensive purpose statement, introduction, and conclusion are provided that delineate all required criteria.Points Range: 4 (4%) – 4 (4%)Paragraphs and sentences follow writing standards for flow, continuity, and clarity 80% of the time.Purpose, introduction, and conclusion of the assignment are stated, yet they are brief and not descriptive.Points Range: 3.5 (3.5%) – 3.5 (3.5%)Paragraphs and sentences follow writing standards for flow, continuity, and clarity 60%–79% of the time.Purpose, introduction, and conclusion of the assignment is vague or off topic. NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsPoints Range: 0 (0%) – 3 (3%)Paragraphs and sentences follow writing standards for flow, continuity, and clarity < 60% of the time.No purpose statement, introduction, or conclusion were provided.Written Expression and Formatting – English writing standards:Correct grammar, mechanics, and proper punctuationPoints Range: 5 (5%) – 5 (5%)Uses correct grammar, spelling, and punctuation with no errors.Points Range: 4 (4%) – 4 (4%)Contains a few (1 or 2) grammar, spelling, and punctuation errors. NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsPoints Range: 3.5 (3.5%) – 3.5 (3.5%)Contains several (3 or 4) grammar, spelling, and punctuation errors.Points Range: 0 (0%) – 3 (3%)Contains many (≥ 5) grammar, spelling, and punctuation errors that interfere with the reader’s understanding.Written Expression and Formatting – The paper follows correct APA format for title page, headings, font, spacing, margins, indentations, page numbers, parenthetical/in-text citations, and reference list.Points Range: 5 (5%) – 5 (5%)Uses correct APA format with no errors. NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsPoints Range: 4 (4%) – 4 (4%)Contains a few (1 or 2) APA format errors.Points Range: 3.5 (3.5%) – 3.5 (3.5%)Contains several (3 or 4) APA format errors.Points Range: 0 (0%) – 3 (3%)Contains many (≥ 5) APA format errors. Total Points: 100Name: NURS_6630_Week8_Assignment2_RubricWeek 9: Therapy for Patients With ADHD/ODDDiego, a 9-year-old third grader, had always been an energetic child with a short attention span. For years, his mother attributed his behaviors to him being “all boy” and assumed it would improve as he grew older. Instead, daily tasks like chores and homework became increasingly overwhelming for Diego, resulting in disruptive behaviors at home and school. After being evaluated by his healthcare provider, Diego was diagnosed with and treated for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsADHD is a prevalent disorder for patients across the lifespan, as more than 6 million children (CDC, n.d.) have been diagnosed with the disorder. Further, consider that about 60% of children with ADHD in the United States become adults with ADHD (ADAA, n.d.). Like Diego, individuals of all ages find that symptoms of ADHD can make life challenging. However, when properly diagnosed and treated, patients often respond well to therapies and have positive health outcomes.This week, as you study ADHD therapies, you examine the assessment and treatment of patients with ADHD. You also explore ethical and legal implications of these therapies.  NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsReferences:Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (n.d.). Data and statistics about ADHD. https://www.cdc.gov/ncbddd/adhd/data.htmlAnxiety and Depression Association of America. (n.d.). Adult ADHD (Attention Deficit Hyperactive Disorder). https://adaa.org/understanding-anxiety/related-illnesses/other-related-conditions/adult-adhdLearning ObjectivesStudents will:Assess patient factors and history to develop personalized therapy plans for patients with ADHDAnalyze factors that influence pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic processes in patients requiring therapy for ADHDSynthesize knowledge of providing care to patients presenting for ADHDAnalyze ethical and legal implications related to prescribing therapy for patients with ADHDIdentify concepts related to psychopharmacologic treatments and therapy for patients across the lifespanLearning ResourcesORDER A PLAGIARISM-FREE PAPER HERERequired Readings (click to expand/reduce)Prince, J. B., Wilens, T. E., Spencer, T. J., & Biederman, J. (2016). Stimulants and other medications for ADHD. In T. A. Stern, M. Favo, T. E. Wilens, & J. F. Rosenbaum. (Eds.), Massachusetts General Hospital psychopharmacology and neurotherapeutics (pp. 99–112). Elsevier. NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsAmerican Psychiatric Association. (2013). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (5th ed.). https://doi.org/10.1176/appi.books.9780890425596Hodgkins, P., Shaw, M., McCarthy, S., & Sallee, F. R. (2012). The pharmacology and clinical outcomes of amphetamines to treat ADHD: Does composition matter? CNS Drugs, 26(3), 245–268. https://doi.org/10.2165/11599630-000000000-00000Martin, L. (2020). A 5-question quiz on ADHD. Psychiatric Times.https://www.psychiatrictimes.com/view/5-question-quiz-adhdMedication Resources (click to expand/reduce)Required Media (click to expand/reduce)Assignment: Assessing and Treating Patients With ADHDNot only do children and adults have different presentations for ADHD, but males and females may also have vastly different clinical presentations. Different people may also respond to medication therapies differently. For example, some ADHD medications may cause children to experience stomach pain, while others can be highly addictive for adults. In your role, as a psychiatric nurse practitioner, you must perform careful assessments and weigh the risks and benefits of medication therapies for patients across the life span. For this Assignment, you consider how you might assess and treat patients presenting with ADHD. NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsTo prepare for this Assignment:Review this week’s Learning Resources, including the Medication Resources indicated for this week.Reflect on the psychopharmacologic treatments you might recommend for the assessment and treatment of patients with ADHD. NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsThe Assignment: 5 pagesExamine Case Study: A Young Caucasian Girl with ADHD. You will be asked to make three decisions concerning the medication to prescribe to this patient. Be sure to consider factors that might impact the patient’s pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic processes.At each decision point, you should evaluate all options before selecting your decision and moving throughout the exercise. Before you make your decision, make sure that you have researched each option and that you evaluate the decision that you will select. Be sure to research each option using the primary literature. NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsIntroduction to the case (1 page)Briefly explain and summarize the case for this Assignment. Be sure to include the specific patient factors that may impact your decision making when prescribing medication for this patient.Decision #1 (1 page)Which decision did you select?Why did you select this decision? Be specific and support your response with clinically relevant and patient-specific resources, including the primary literature.Why did you not select the other two options provided in the exercise? Be specific and support your response with clinically relevant and patient-specific resources, including the primary literature.What were you hoping to achieve by making this decision? Support your response with evidence and references to the Learning Resources (including the primary literature).Explain how ethical considerations may impact your treatment plan and communication with patients. Be specific and provide examples. NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsDecision #2 (1 page)Why did you select this decision? Be specific and support your response with clinically relevant and patient-specific resources, including the primary literature.Why did you not select the other two options provided in the exercise? Be specific and support your response with clinically relevant and patient-specific resources, including the primary literature.What were you hoping to achieve by making this decision? Support your response with evidence and references to the Learning Resources (including the primary literature).Explain how ethical considerations may impact your treatment plan and communication with patients. Be specific and provide examples. NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsDecision #3 (1 page)Why did you select this decision? Be specific and support your response with clinically relevant and patient-specific resources, including the primary literature.Why did you not select the other two options provided in the exercise? Be specific and support your response with clinically relevant and patient-specific resources, including the primary literature.What were you hoping to achieve by making this decision? Support your response with evidence and references to the Learning Resources (including the primary literature).Explain how ethical considerations may impact your treatment plan and communication with patients. Be specific and provide examples. NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsConclusion (1 page)Summarize your recommendations on the treatment options you selected for this patient. Be sure to justify your recommendations and support your response with clinically relevant and patient-specific resources, including the primary literature.Note: Support your rationale with a minimum of five academic resources. While you may use the course text to support your rationale, it will not count toward the resource requirement. You should be utilizing the primary and secondary literature.Reminder : The College of Nursing requires that all papers submitted include a title page, introduction, summary, and references. The Sample Paper provided at the Walden Writing Center provides an example of those required elements (available at https://academicguides.waldenu.edu/writingcenter/templates/general#s-lg-box-20293632). All papers submitted must use this formatting.By Day 7Submit your Assignment. Rubric Detail Select Grid View or List View to change the rubric’s layout.ContentName: NURS_6630_Week9_Assignment_Rubric NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsGrid ViewList ViewExcellentPoint range: 90–100GoodPoint range: 80–89FairPoint range: 70–79PoorPoint range: 0–69Introduction to the case (1 page)Briefly explain and summarize the case for this Assignment. Be sure to include the specific patient factors that may impact your decision making when prescribing medication for this patient.Points Range: 9 (9%) – 10 (10%)The response accurately, clearly, and fully summarizes in detail the case for the Assignment. NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsThe response accurately and clearly explains in detail the specific patient factors that impact decision making when prescribing medication for this patient.Points Range: 8 (8%) – 8 (8%)The response accurately summarizes the case for the Assignment.The response accurately explains the specific patient factors that impact decision making with prescribing medication for this patient.Points Range: 7 (7%) – 7 (7%)The response inaccurately or vaguely summarizes the case for the Assignment.The response inaccurately or vaguely explains the specific patient factors that impact decision making with prescribing medication for this patient.Points Range: 0 (0%) – 6 (6%)The response inaccurately and vaguely summarizes the case for the Assignment, or is missing.NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsThe response inaccurately and vaguely explains the specific patient factors that impact decision making with prescribing medication for this patient.Decision #1 (1–2 pages)• Which decision did you select?• Why did you select this decision? Be specific and support your response with clinically relevant and patient-specific resources, including the primary literature.• Why did you not select the other two options provided in the exercise? Be specific and support your response with clinically relevant and patient-specific resources, including the primary literature.• What were you hoping to achieve by making this decision? Support your response with evidence and references to the Learning Resources (including the primary literature).• Explain how ethical considerations may impact your treatment plan and communication with patients. Be specific and provide examples.Points Range: 18 (18%) – 20 (20%)The response accurately and clearly explains in detail the decision selected.The response accurately and clearly explains in detail why the decision was selected, with specific clinically relevant resources that fully support the decision selected. NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsThe response accurately and clearly explains in detail why the other two responses were not selected, with specific clinically relevant resources that fully support the response. NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsThe response accurately and clearly explains in detail the outcome the student was hoping to achieve with the selected decision, with specific clinically relevant resources that fully support the response. NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsThe response accurately and clearly explains in detail how ethical considerations impact the treatment plan and communication with patients.Examples provided fully support the decisions and responses provided. NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsPoints Range: 16 (16%) – 17 (17%)The response accurately explains the decision selected.The response explains why the decision was selected, with specific clinically relevant resources that support the decision selected.The response accurately explains why the other two responses were not selected, with specific clinically relevant resources that support the response.The response accurately explains the outcome the student was hoping to achieve with the selected decision, with specific clinically relevant resources that support the response.The response accurately explains how ethical considerations impact the treatment plan and communication with patients.Examples provided support the decisions and responses provided. NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsPoints Range: 14 (14%) – 15 (15%)The response inaccurately or vaguely explains the decision selected.The response inaccurately or vaguely explains why the decision was selected, with specific clinically relevant resources that inaccurately or vaguely support the decision selected.The response inaccurately or vaguely explains why the other two responses were not selected, with specific clinically relevant resources that inaccurately or vaguely support the response.The response inaccurately or vaguely explains the outcome the student was hoping to achieve with the selected decision, with specific clinically relevant resources that inaccurately or vaguely support the response.The response inaccurately or vaguely explains how ethical considerations impact the treatment plan and communication with patients.Examples provided may support the decisions and responses provided.Points Range: 0 (0%) – 13 (13%)The response inaccurately and vaguely explains the decision selected.The response inaccurately and vaguely explains why the decision was selected, with specific clinically relevant resources that do not support the decision selected, or is missing.The response inaccurately and vaguely explains why the other two responses were not selected, with specific clinically relevant resources that do not support the decision selected, or is missing. NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsThe response inaccurately and vaguely explains the outcome the student was hoping to achieve with the selected decision, with specific clinically relevant resources that do not support the response, or is missing. NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsThe response inaccurately and vaguely explains how ethical considerations impact the treatment plan and communication with patients, or is missing.Examples provided do not support the decisions and responses provided, or is missing.Decision #2 (1–2 pages)• Which decision did you select?• Why did you select this decision? Be specific and support your response with clinically relevant and patient-specific resources, including the primary literature.• Why did you not select the other two options provided in the exercise? Be specific and support your response with clinically relevant and patient-specific resources, including the primary literature.• What were you hoping to achieve by making this decision? Support your response with evidence and references to the Learning Resources (including the primary literature).• Explain how ethical considerations may impact your treatment plan and communication with patients. Be specific and provide examples. NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsPoints Range: 18 (18%) – 20 (20%)The response accurately and clearly explains in detail the decision selected.The response accurately and clearly explains in detail why the decision was selected, with specific clinically relevant resources that fully support the decision selected.The response accurately and clearly explains in detail why the other two responses were not selected, with specific clinically relevant resources that fully support the response. NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsThe response accurately and clearly explains in detail the outcome the student was hoping to achieve with the selected decision, with specific clinically relevant resources that fully support the response. NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsThe response accurately and clearly explains in detail how ethical considerations impact the treatment plan and communication with patients.Examples provided fully support the decisions and responses provided.Points Range: 16 (16%) – 17 (17%)The response accurately explains the decision selected. NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsThe response explains why the decision was selected, with specific clinically relevant resources that support the decision selected.The response accurately explains why the other two responses were not selected, with specific clinically relevant resources that support the response.The response accurately explains the outcome the student was hoping to achieve with the selected decision, with specific clinically relevant resources that support the response.The response accurately explains how ethical considerations impact the treatment plan and communication with patients.Examples provided support the decisions and responses provided.Points Range: 14 (14%) – 15 (15%)The response inaccurately or vaguely explains the decision selected.The response inaccurately or vaguely explains why the decision was selected, with specific clinically relevant resources that inaccurately or vaguely support the decision selected.The response inaccurately or vaguely explains why the other two responses were not selected, with specific clinically relevant resources that inaccurately or vaguely support the response.The response inaccurately or vaguely explains the outcome the student was hoping to achieve with the selected decision, with specific clinically relevant resources that inaccurately or vaguely support the response.The response inaccurately or vaguely explains how ethical considerations impact the treatment plan and communication with patients.Examples provided may support the decisions and responses provided. NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsPoints Range: 0 (0%) – 13 (13%)The response inaccurately and vaguely explains in detail the decision selected.The response inaccurately and vaguely explains why the decision was selected, with specific clinically relevant resources that do not support the decision selected, or is missing.The response inaccurately and vaguely explains why the other two responses were not selected, with specific clinically relevant resources that do not support the decision selected, or is missing.The response inaccurately and vaguely explains the outcome the student was hoping to achieve with the selected decision, with specific clinically relevant resources that do not support the response, or is missing. NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsThe response inaccurately and vaguely explains how ethical considerations impact the treatment plan and communication with patients, or is missing.Examples provided do not support the decisions and responses provided, or is missing. NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsDecision #3 (1–2 pages)• Which decision did you select?• Why did you select this decision? Be specific and support your response with clinically relevant and patient-specific resources, including the primary literature.• Why did you not select the other two options provided in the exercise? Be specific and support your response with clinically relevant and patient-specific resources, including the primary literature.• What were you hoping to achieve by making this decision? Support your response with evidence and references to the Learning Resources (including the primary literature).• Explain how ethical considerations may impact your treatment plan and communication with patients. Be specific and provide examples. NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsPoints Range: 18 (18%) – 20 (20%)The response accurately and clearly explains in detail the decision selected.The response accurately and clearly explains in detail why the decision was selected, with specific clinically relevant resources that fully support the decision selected.NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsThe response accurately and clearly explains in detail why the other two responses were not selected, with specific clinically relevant resources that fully support the response. NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsThe response accurately and clearly explains in detail the outcome the student was hoping to achieve with the selected decision, with specific clinically relevant resources that fully support the response.The response accurately and clearly explains in detail how ethical considerations impact the treatment plan and communication with patients. NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsExamples provided fully support the decisions and responses provided.Points Range: 16 (16%) – 17 (17%)The response accurately explains the decision selected.The response explains why the decision was selected, with specific clinically relevant resources that support the decision selected.The response accurately explains why the other two responses were not selected, with specific clinically relevant resources that support the response.The response accurately explains the outcome the student was hoping to achieve with the selected decision, with specific clinically relevant resources that support the response.The response accurately explains how ethical considerations impact the treatment plan and communication with patients.Examples provided support the decisions and responses provided.Points Range: 14 (14%) – 15 (15%)The response inaccurately or vaguely explains the decision selected.The response inaccurately or vaguely explains why the decision was selected, with specific clinically relevant resources that inaccurately or vaguely support the decision selected.NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsThe response inaccurately or vaguely explains why the other two responses were not selected, with specific clinically relevant resources that inaccurately or vaguely support the response.The response inaccurately or vaguely explains the outcome the student was hoping to achieve with the selected decision, with specific clinically relevant resources that inaccurately or vaguely support the response. NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsThe response inaccurately or vaguely explains how ethical considerations impact the treatment plan and communication with patients.Examples provided may support the decisions and responses provided.Points Range: 0 (0%) – 13 (13%)The response inaccurately and vaguely explains in detail the decision selected.The response inaccurately and vaguely explains why the decision was selected, with specific clinically relevant resources that do not support the decision selected, or is missing.The response inaccurately and vaguely explains why the other two responses were not selected, with specific clinically relevant resources that do not support the decision selected, or is missing. NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsThe response inaccurately and vaguely explains the outcome the student was hoping to achieve with the selected decision, with specific clinically relevant resources that do not support the response, or is missing.The response inaccurately and vaguely explains how ethical considerations impact the treatment plan and communication with patients, or is missing.Examples provided do not support the decisions and responses provided, or is missing.Conclusion (1 page)• Summarize your recommendations on the treatment options you selected for this patient. Be sure to justify your recommendations and support your response with clinically relevant and patient-specific resources, including the primary literature.Points Range: 14 (14%) – 15 (15%)The response accurately and clearly summarizes in detail the recommendations on the treatment options selected for this patient.NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsThe response accurately and clearly explains a justification for the recommendations provided, including clinically relevant resources that fully support the recommendations provided.Points Range: 12 (12%) – 13 (13%)The response accurately summarizes the recommendations on the treatment options selected for this patient.The response accurately explains a justification for the recommendation provided, including clinically relevant resources that support the recommendations provided. NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsPoints Range: 11 (11%) – 11 (11%)The response inaccurately or vaguely summarizes the recommendations on the treatment options selected for this patient. NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsThe response inaccurately or vaguely explains a justification for the recommendations provided, including clinically relevant resources that inaccurately or vaguely support the recommendations provided.Points Range: 0 (0%) – 10 (10%)The response inaccurately and vaguely summarizes the recommendations on the treatment options selected for this patient, or is missing.The response inaccurately and vaguely explains a justification for the recommendations provided, including clinically relevant resources that do not support the recommendations provided, or is missing.Written Expression and Formatting – Paragraph Development and Organization:Paragraphs make clear points that support well-developed ideas, flow logically, and demonstrate continuity of ideas. Sentences are carefully focused—neither long and rambling nor short and lacking substance. A clear and comprehensive purpose statement and introduction are provided that delineate all required criteria. NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsPoints Range: 5 (5%) – 5 (5%)Paragraphs and sentences follow writing standards for flow, continuity, and clarity.A clear and comprehensive purpose statement, introduction, and conclusion are provided that delineate all required criteria. NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsPoints Range: 4 (4%) – 4 (4%)Paragraphs and sentences follow writing standards for flow, continuity, and clarity 80% of the time.Purpose, introduction, and conclusion of the assignment are stated, yet they are brief and not descriptive.Points Range: 3.5 (3.5%) – 3.5 (3.5%)Paragraphs and sentences follow writing standards for flow, continuity, and clarity 60%–79% of the time.Purpose, introduction, and conclusion of the assignment is vague or off topic. NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsPoints Range: 0 (0%) – 3 (3%)Paragraphs and sentences follow writing standards for flow, continuity, and clarity < 60% of the time.No purpose statement, introduction, or conclusion were provided. NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsWritten Expression and Formatting – English writing standards:Correct grammar, mechanics, and proper punctuationPoints Range: 5 (5%) – 5 (5%)Uses correct grammar, spelling, and punctuation with no errors.Points Range: 4 (4%) – 4 (4%)Contains a few (1 or 2) grammar, spelling, and punctuation errors.Points Range: 3.5 (3.5%) – 3.5 (3.5%)Contains several (3 or 4) grammar, spelling, and punctuation errors.Points Range: 0 (0%) – 3 (3%)Contains many (≥ 5) grammar, spelling, and punctuation errors that interfere with the reader’s understanding.Written Expression and Formatting – The paper follows correct APA format for title page, headings, font, spacing, margins, indentations, page numbers, parenthetical/in-text citations, and reference list. NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsPoints Range: 5 (5%) – 5 (5%)Uses correct APA format with no errors.Points Range: 4 (4%) – 4 (4%)Contains a few (1 or 2) APA format errors.Points Range: 3.5 (3.5%) – 3.5 (3.5%)Contains several (3 or 4) APA format errors. NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsPoints Range: 0 (0%) – 3 (3%)Contains many (≥ 5) APA format errors. Total Points: 100Name: NURS_6630_Week9_Assignment_RubricWeek 10: Therapy for Patients With Impulsive/Substance Use Disorders (SUD)Impulsivity and compulsivity have a wide range of clinical presentations and often overlap with many other psychiatric disorders. Some individuals act without forethought and have difficulty saying “no” to certain things, such as using illicit drugs or spending money, whereas other individuals engage in compulsive behaviors with undesirable consequences. In some cases, these impulsive and compulsive behaviors also fuel issues with addiction. To effectively assess and treat patients, you must understand how these disorders differ as well as how their symptoms impact patients and their families.  NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsThis week, as you examine therapies for individuals with impulsivity, compulsivity, and addiction, you explore the assessment and treatment of patients with these disorders. You also consider ethical and legal implications of these therapies.Learning ObjectivesStudents will:Assess patient factors and history to develop personalized therapy plans for patients with impulsivity, compulsivity, and addictionAnalyze factors that influence pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic processes in patients requiring therapy for impulsivity, compulsivity, and addictionSynthesize knowledge of providing care to patients presenting for impulsivity, compulsivity, and addictionAnalyze ethical and legal implications related to prescribing therapy for patients with impulsivity, compulsivity, and addictionLearning Resources NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsRequired Readings (click to expand/reduce)Kelly, J. E., & Renner, J. A. (2016). Alcohol-Related disorders. In T. A. Stern, M. Favo, T. E. Wilens, & J. F. Rosenbaum. (Eds.), Massachusetts General Hospital psychopharmacology and neurotherapeutics (pp. 163–182). Elsevier.Renner, J. A., & Ward, N. (2016). Drug addiction. In T. A. Stern, M. Favo, T. E. Wilens, & J. F. Rosenbaum. (Eds.), Massachusetts General Hospital psychopharmacology and neurotherapeutics (pp. 163–182). Elsevier. NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsSubstance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. (1999). Treatment of adolescents with substance use disorders: Treatment improvement protocol series, no. 32. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK64350/Chapter 1, “Substance Use Among Adolescents”Chapter 2, “Tailoring Treatment to the Adolescent’s Problem”Chapter 7, “Youths with Distinctive Treatment Needs”University of Michigan Health System. (2016). Childhood trauma linked to worse impulse control. Journal of Psychosocial Nursing & Mental Health Services, 54(4), 15. NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsGrant, J. E., Odlaug, B. L., & Schreiber, L. N. (2014). Pharmacological treatments in pathological gambling. British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology, 77(2), 375–381. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2125.2012.04457.xHulvershorn, L. A., Schroeder, K. M., Wink, L. K., Erickson, C. A., & McDougle, C. J. (2015). Psychopharmacologic treatment of children prenatally exposed to drugs of abuse. Human Psychopharmacology, 30(3), 164–172. https://doi.org/10.1002/hup.2467Loreck, D., Brandt, N. J., & DiPaula, B. (2016). Managing opioid abuse in older adults: Clinical considerations and challenges. Journal of Gerontological Nursing, 42(4), 10–15. https://doi.org/10.3928/00989134-20160314-04Salmon, J. M., & Forester, B. (2012). Substance abuse and co-occurring psychiatric disorders in older adults: A clinical case and review of the relevant literature. Journal of Dual Diagnosis, 8(1), 74–84. https://doi.org/10.1080/15504263.2012.648439Sanches, M., Scott-Gurnell, K., Patel, A., Caetano, S. C., Zunta-Soares, G. B., Hatch, J. P., Olvera, R., Swann, A. C., & Soares, J. C. (2014). Impulsivity in children and adolescents with mood disorders and unaffected offspring of bipolar parents. Comprehensive Psychiatry, 55(6), 1337–1341. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.comppsych.2014.04.018Medication Resources (click to expand/reduce)Required Media (click to expand/reduce)Optional Resources (click to expand/reduce) NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsAssignment 1: Assessing and Treating Patients With Impulsivity, Compulsivity, and AddictionImpulsivity, compulsivity, and addiction are challenging disorders for patients across the life span. Impulsivity is the inclination to act upon sudden urges or desires without considering potential consequences; patients often describe impulsivity as living in the present moment without regard to the future (MentalHelp.net, n.d.). Thus, these disorders often manifest as negative behaviors, resulting in adverse outcomes for patients. For example, compulsivity represents a behavior that an individual feels driven to perform to relieve anxiety (MentalHelp.net, n.d.). The presence of these behaviors often results in addiction, which represents the process of the transition from impulsive to compulsive behavior. NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsIn your role as the psychiatric nurse practitioner (PNP), you have the opportunity to help patients address underlying causes of the disorders and overcome these behaviors. For this Assignment, as you examine the client case study in this week’s Learning Resources, consider how you might assess and treat clients presenting with impulsivity, compulsivity, and addiction.Reference: MentalHelp.net. (n.d.). Impaired decision-making, impulsivity, and compulsivity: Addictions’ effect on the cerebral cortex. https://www.mentalhelp.net/addiction/impulsivity-and-compulsivity-addictions-effect-on-the-cerebral-cortex/ NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsTo prepare for this Assignment:Review this week’s Learning Resources, including the Medication Resources indicated for this week.Reflect on the psychopharmacologic treatments you might recommend for the assessment and treatment of patients requiring therapy for impulsivity, compulsivity, and addiction.The Assignment: 5 pagesExamine Case Study: A Puerto Rican Woman With Comorbid Addiction. You will be asked to make three decisions concerning the medication to prescribe to this client. Be sure to consider factors that might impact the client’s pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic processes.At each decision point, you should evaluate all options before selecting your decision and moving throughout the exercise. Before you make your decision, make sure that you have researched each option and that you evaluate the decision that you will select. Be sure to research each option using the primary literature. NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsIntroduction to the case (1 page)Briefly explain and summarize the case for this Assignment. Be sure to include the specific patient factors that may impact your decision making when prescribing medication for this patient.Decision #1 (1 page)Which decision did you select?Why did you select this decision? Be specific and support your response with clinically relevant and patient-specific resources, including the primary literature.Why did you not select the other two options provided in the exercise? Be specific and support your response with clinically relevant and patient-specific resources, including the primary literature.What were you hoping to achieve by making this decision? Support your response with evidence and references to the Learning Resources (including the primary literature).Explain how ethical considerations may impact your treatment plan and communication with patients. Be specific and provide examples. NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsDecision #2 (1 page)Why did you select this decision? Be specific and support your response with clinically relevant and patient-specific resources, including the primary literature.Why did you not select the other two options provided in the exercise? Be specific and support your response with clinically relevant and patient-specific resources, including the primary literature.What were you hoping to achieve by making this decision? Support your response with evidence and references to the Learning Resources (including the primary literature).Explain how ethical considerations may impact your treatment plan and communication with patients. Be specific and provide examples. NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsDecision #3 (1 page)Why did you select this decision? Be specific and support your response with clinically relevant and patient-specific resources, including the primary literature.Why did you not select the other two options provided in the exercise? Be specific and support your response with clinically relevant and patient-specific resources, including the primary literature.What were you hoping to achieve by making this decision? Support your response with evidence and references to the Learning Resources (including the primary literature).Explain how ethical considerations may impact your treatment plan and communication with patients. Be specific and provide examples. NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsConclusion (1 page)Summarize your recommendations on the treatment options you selected for this patient. Be sure to justify your recommendations and support your response with clinically relevant and patient-specific resources, including the primary literature.Note: Support your rationale with a minimum of five academic resources. While you may use the course text to support your rationale, it will not count toward the resource requirement. You should be utilizing the primary and secondary literature.Reminder : The College of Nursing requires that all papers submitted include a title page, introduction, summary, and references. The Sample Paper provided at the Walden Writing Center provides an example of those required elements (available at https://academicguides.waldenu.edu/writingcenter/templates/general#s-lg-box-20293632). All papers submitted must use this formatting.By Day 7Submit your Assignment. Rubric Detail Select Grid View or List View to change the rubric’s layout.ContentName: NURS_6630_Week10_Assignment1_Rubric NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsGrid ViewList ViewExcellentPoint range: 90–100GoodPoint range: 80–89FairPoint range: 70–79PoorPoint range: 0–69Introduction to the case (1 page)Briefly explain and summarize the case for this Assignment. Be sure to include the specific patient factors that may impact your decision making when prescribing medication for this patient.Points Range: 9 (9%) – 10 (10%)The response accurately, clearly, and fully summarizes in detail the case for the Assignment. NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsThe response accurately and clearly explains in detail the specific patient factors that impact decision making when prescribing medication for this patient.Points Range: 8 (8%) – 8 (8%)The response accurately summarizes the case for the Assignment.The response accurately explains the specific patient factors that impact decision making with prescribing medication for this patient. NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsPoints Range: 7 (7%) – 7 (7%)The response inaccurately or vaguely summarizes the case for the Assignment.The response inaccurately or vaguely explains the specific patient factors that impact decision making with prescribing medication for this patient.Points Range: 0 (0%) – 6 (6%)The response inaccurately and vaguely summarizes the case for the Assignment, or is missing.The response inaccurately and vaguely explains the specific patient factors that impact decision making with prescribing medication for this patient.Decision #1 (1–2 pages)• Which decision did you select?• Why did you select this decision? Be specific and support your response with clinically relevant and patient-specific resources, including the primary literature.• Why did you not select the other two options provided in the exercise? Be specific and support your response with clinically relevant and patient-specific resources, including the primary literature.• What were you hoping to achieve by making this decision? Support your response with evidence and references to the Learning Resources (including the primary literature).• Explain how ethical considerations may impact your treatment plan and communication with patients. Be specific and provide examples. NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsPoints Range: 18 (18%) – 20 (20%)The response accurately and clearly explains in detail the decision selected.The response accurately and clearly explains in detail why the decision was selected, with specific clinically relevant resources that fully support the decision selected.The response accurately and clearly explains in detail why the other two responses were not selected, with specific clinically relevant resources that fully support the response.NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsThe response accurately and clearly explains in detail the outcome the student was hoping to achieve with the selected decision, with specific clinically relevant resources that fully support the response.The response accurately and clearly explains in detail how ethical considerations impact the treatment plan and communication with patients.Examples provided fully support the decisions and responses provided. NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsPoints Range: 16 (16%) – 17 (17%)The response accurately explains the decision selected.NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsThe response explains why the decision was selected, with specific clinically relevant resources that support the decision selected.The response accurately explains why the other two responses were not selected, with specific clinically relevant resources that support the response.The response accurately explains the outcome the student was hoping to achieve with the selected decision, with specific clinically relevant resources that support the response. NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsThe response accurately explains how ethical considerations impact the treatment plan and communication with patients.Examples provided support the decisions and responses provided. NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsPoints Range: 14 (14%) – 15 (15%)The response inaccurately or vaguely explains the decision selected.The response inaccurately or vaguely explains why the decision was selected, with specific clinically relevant resources that inaccurately or vaguely support the decision selected.The response inaccurately or vaguely explains why the other two responses were not selected, with specific clinically relevant resources that inaccurately or vaguely support the response.The response inaccurately or vaguely explains the outcome the student was hoping to achieve with the selected decision, with specific clinically relevant resources that inaccurately or vaguely support the response.The response inaccurately or vaguely explains how ethical considerations impact the treatment plan and communication with patients.Examples provided may support the decisions and responses provided.Points Range: 0 (0%) – 13 (13%)The response inaccurately and vaguely explains the decision selected.The response inaccurately and vaguely explains why the decision was selected, with specific clinically relevant resources that do not support the decision selected, or is missing.The response inaccurately and vaguely explains why the other two responses were not selected, with specific clinically relevant resources that do not support the decision selected, or is missing.The response inaccurately and vaguely explains the outcome the student was hoping to achieve with the selected decision, with specific clinically relevant resources that do not support the response, or is missing. NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsThe response inaccurately and vaguely explains how ethical considerations impact the treatment plan and communication with patients, or is missing.Examples provided do not support the decisions and responses provided, or is missing.Decision #2 (1–2 pages)• Which decision did you select?• Why did you select this decision? Be specific and support your response with clinically relevant and patient-specific resources, including the primary literature.• Why did you not select the other two options provided in the exercise? Be specific and support your response with clinically relevant and patient-specific resources, including the primary literature.• What were you hoping to achieve by making this decision? Support your response with evidence and references to the Learning Resources (including the primary literature).• Explain how ethical considerations may impact your treatment plan and communication with patients. Be specific and provide examples.Points Range: 18 (18%) – 20 (20%)The response accurately and clearly explains in detail the decision selected.The response accurately and clearly explains in detail why the decision was selected, with specific clinically relevant resources that fully support the decision selected. NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsThe response accurately and clearly explains in detail why the other two responses were not selected, with specific clinically relevant resources that fully support the response. NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsThe response accurately and clearly explains in detail the outcome the student was hoping to achieve with the selected decision, with specific clinically relevant resources that fully support the response. NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsThe response accurately and clearly explains in detail how ethical considerations impact the treatment plan and communication with patients. NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsExamples provided fully support the decisions and responses provided.Points Range: 16 (16%) – 17 (17%)The response accurately explains the decision selected.The response explains why the decision was selected, with specific clinically relevant resources that support the decision selected.The response accurately explains why the other two responses were not selected, with specific clinically relevant resources that support the response.The response accurately explains the outcome the student was hoping to achieve with the selected decision, with specific clinically relevant resources that support the response.The response accurately explains how ethical considerations impact the treatment plan and communication with patients.Examples provided support the decisions and responses provided. NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsPoints Range: 14 (14%) – 15 (15%)The response inaccurately or vaguely explains the decision selected.The response inaccurately or vaguely explains why the decision was selected, with specific clinically relevant resources that inaccurately or vaguely support the decision selected.The response inaccurately or vaguely explains why the other two responses were not selected, with specific clinically relevant resources that inaccurately or vaguely support the response.The response inaccurately or vaguely explains the outcome the student was hoping to achieve with the selected decision, with specific clinically relevant resources that inaccurately or vaguely support the response.The response inaccurately or vaguely explains how ethical considerations impact the treatment plan and communication with patients. NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsExamples provided may support the decisions and responses provided.Points Range: 0 (0%) – 13 (13%)The response inaccurately and vaguely explains in detail the decision selected.The response inaccurately and vaguely explains why the decision was selected, with specific clinically relevant resources that do not support the decision selected, or is missing.The response inaccurately and vaguely explains why the other two responses were not selected, with specific clinically relevant resources that do not support the decision selected, or is missing. NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsThe response inaccurately and vaguely explains the outcome the student was hoping to achieve with the selected decision, with specific clinically relevant resources that do not support the response, or is missing. NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsThe response inaccurately and vaguely explains how ethical considerations impact the treatment plan and communication with patients, or is missing.Examples provided do not support the decisions and responses provided, or is missing.Decision #3 (1–2 pages)• Which decision did you select?• Why did you select this decision? Be specific and support your response with clinically relevant and patient-specific resources, including the primary literature.• Why did you not select the other two options provided in the exercise? Be specific and support your response with clinically relevant and patient-specific resources, including the primary literature.• What were you hoping to achieve by making this decision? Support your response with evidence and references to the Learning Resources (including the primary literature).• Explain how ethical considerations may impact your treatment plan and communication with patients. Be specific and provide examples. NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsPoints Range: 18 (18%) – 20 (20%)The response accurately and clearly explains in detail the decision selected.NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsThe response accurately and clearly explains in detail why the decision was selected, with specific clinically relevant resources that fully support the decision selected.The response accurately and clearly explains in detail why the other two responses were not selected, with specific clinically relevant resources that fully support the response.NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsThe response accurately and clearly explains in detail the outcome the student was hoping to achieve with the selected decision, with specific clinically relevant resources that fully support the response.NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsThe response accurately and clearly explains in detail how ethical considerations impact the treatment plan and communication with patients.Examples provided fully support the decisions and responses provided.Points Range: 16 (16%) – 17 (17%)The response accurately explains the decision selected.The response explains why the decision was selected, with specific clinically relevant resources that support the decision selected.The response accurately explains why the other two responses were not selected, with specific clinically relevant resources that support the response.The response accurately explains the outcome the student was hoping to achieve with the selected decision, with specific clinically relevant resources that support the response.The response accurately explains how ethical considerations impact the treatment plan and communication with patients.Examples provided support the decisions and responses provided.Points Range: 14 (14%) – 15 (15%)The response inaccurately or vaguely explains the decision selected.NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsThe response inaccurately or vaguely explains why the decision was selected, with specific clinically relevant resources that inaccurately or vaguely support the decision selected.The response inaccurately or vaguely explains why the other two responses were not selected, with specific clinically relevant resources that inaccurately or vaguely support the response. NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsThe response inaccurately or vaguely explains the outcome the student was hoping to achieve with the selected decision, with specific clinically relevant resources that inaccurately or vaguely support the response.NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsThe response inaccurately or vaguely explains how ethical considerations impact the treatment plan and communication with patients.Examples provided may support the decisions and responses provided. NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsPoints Range: 0 (0%) – 13 (13%)The response inaccurately and vaguely explains in detail the decision selected.The response inaccurately and vaguely explains why the decision was selected, with specific clinically relevant resources that do not support the decision selected, or is missing.The response inaccurately and vaguely explains why the other two responses were not selected, with specific clinically relevant resources that do not support the decision selected, or is missing.The response inaccurately and vaguely explains the outcome the student was hoping to achieve with the selected decision, with specific clinically relevant resources that do not support the response, or is missing.The response inaccurately and vaguely explains how ethical considerations impact the treatment plan and communication with patients, or is missing.Examples provided do not support the decisions and responses provided, or is missing. NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsConclusion (1 page)• Summarize your recommendations on the treatment options you selected for this patient. Be sure to justify your recommendations and support your response with clinically relevant and patient-specific resources, including the primary literature. NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsPoints Range: 14 (14%) – 15 (15%)The response accurately and clearly summarizes in detail the recommendations on the treatment options selected for this patient.NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsThe response accurately and clearly explains a justification for the recommendations provided, including clinically relevant resources that fully support the recommendations provided.Points Range: 12 (12%) – 13 (13%)The response accurately summarizes the recommendations on the treatment options selected for this patient.The response accurately explains a justification for the recommendation provided, including clinically relevant resources that support the recommendations provided.Points Range: 11 (11%) – 11 (11%)The response inaccurately or vaguely summarizes the recommendations on the treatment options selected for this patient. NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsThe response inaccurately or vaguely explains a justification for the recommendations provided, including clinically relevant resources that inaccurately or vaguely support the recommendations provided. NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsPoints Range: 0 (0%) – 10 (10%)The response inaccurately and vaguely summarizes the recommendations on the treatment options selected for this patient, or is missing.The response inaccurately and vaguely explains a justification for the recommendations provided, including clinically relevant resources that do not support the recommendations provided, or is missing.Written Expression and Formatting – Paragraph Development and Organization:Paragraphs make clear points that support well-developed ideas, flow logically, and demonstrate continuity of ideas. Sentences are carefully focused—neither long and rambling nor short and lacking substance. A clear and comprehensive purpose statement and introduction are provided that delineate all required criteria. NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsPoints Range: 5 (5%) – 5 (5%)Paragraphs and sentences follow writing standards for flow, continuity, and clarity.A clear and comprehensive purpose statement, introduction, and conclusion are provided that delineate all required criteria. NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsPoints Range: 4 (4%) – 4 (4%)Paragraphs and sentences follow writing standards for flow, continuity, and clarity 80% of the time.Purpose, introduction, and conclusion of the assignment are stated, yet they are brief and not descriptive.Points Range: 3.5 (3.5%) – 3.5 (3.5%)Paragraphs and sentences follow writing standards for flow, continuity, and clarity 60%–79% of the time.Purpose, introduction, and conclusion of the assignment is vague or off topic. NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsPoints Range: 0 (0%) – 3 (3%)Paragraphs and sentences follow writing standards for flow, continuity, and clarity < 60% of the time.No purpose statement, introduction, or conclusion were provided.Written Expression and Formatting – English writing standards:Correct grammar, mechanics, and proper punctuationPoints Range: 5 (5%) – 5 (5%)Uses correct grammar, spelling, and punctuation with no errors.Points Range: 4 (4%) – 4 (4%)Contains a few (1 or 2) grammar, spelling, and punctuation errors.Points Range: 3.5 (3.5%) – 3.5 (3.5%)Contains several (3 or 4) grammar, spelling, and punctuation errors.Points Range: 0 (0%) – 3 (3%)Contains many (≥ 5) grammar, spelling, and punctuation errors that interfere with the reader’s understanding.Written Expression and Formatting – The paper follows correct APA format for title page, headings, font, spacing, margins, indentations, page numbers, parenthetical/in-text citations, and reference list. NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsPoints Range: 5 (5%) – 5 (5%)Uses correct APA format with no errors.Points Range: 4 (4%) – 4 (4%)Contains a few (1 or 2) APA format errors. NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsPoints Range: 3.5 (3.5%) – 3.5 (3.5%)Contains several (3 or 4) APA format errors.Points Range: 0 (0%) – 3 (3%)Contains many (≥ 5) APA format errors. Total Points: 100Name: NURS_6630_Week10_Assignment1_RubricAssignment 2: Practicum Application AssignmentPracticum Applications must be submitted in a timely manner to ensure that your Preceptor and Practicum Site meet the requirements of the College of Nursing and Walden University. For this Assignment, you will either submit your Practicum Application or you will submit a revised/updated Practicum Plan that indicates when you plan to take the Practicum courses. NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsTo Prepare for this Assignment:Review the Practicum Application Deadlines found on the College of Nursing Field Experience website to determine when you need to submit your Practicum Application.Review the Practicum Application Tutorial for submitting applications in Meditrek.Meditrek Credentials (Username and Password):Your credentials have been emailed to your Walden student email address. Search your Walden student issued email to locate the email from support@meditrek.info. (Note: Do not email Meditrek directly, please use the following methods if you are unable to locate your Meditrek credentials.)If you are unable to find your email, you may request your credentials emailed to you online by requesting a password reset online: https://edu.meditrek.com/public/ForgotPassword.aspxIf you are unable to reset your password online, call the Customer Care Team Support at 800-925-3368 or live chat via your student portal.The Assignment:You must complete either Part 1 or Part 2 of this Assignment:Part 1: Practicum ApplicationLogin into Meditrek and complete your Practicum Application. When the application is complete, submit it and create a PDF of the confirmation email you received.Part 2: Practicum PlanUsing the affiliation agreement search within Meditrek and identify potential Practicum Sites that are in your area to assist you in identifying potential Preceptors.Complete the Practicum Plan form found in Meditrek, submit it and create a PDF of the confirmation email you received. NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsBy Day 7 of Week 10Submit either your Practicum Application or Practicum Plan submission confirmation email PDF. Rubric Detail Select Grid View or List View to change the rubric’s layout.ContentName: NURS_6630_Week10_Assignment2_Rubric NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsGrid ViewList ViewSatisfactoryUnsatisfactorySubmit either your Practicum Application or Practicum Plan submission confirmation email screen shot or PDF.Practicum Application or Practicum Plan submission confirmation email screen shot or PDF was submitted.Practicum Application or Practicum Plan submission confirmation email screen shot or PDF was NOT submitted.Name: NURS_6630_Week10_Assignment2_RubricWeek 11: Therapy for Patients With Dementia/Alzheimer’s and Comorbid StatesAs a psychiatric nurse practitioner, you will frequently work with patients across the life span who may also have comorbid conditions. For instance, you may treat a 16-year-old female with Down syndrome and increasing violent behaviors; a middle-aged male with schizophrenia, diabetes, and poor lung function; or an older adult with a mental disorder, Stage 1 Alzheimer’s disease, and chronic heart disease (CHD). In cases like these, you must draw from foundational knowledge of pathophysiology and collaborate with other healthcare providers to ensure optimal safety and efficacy of psychopharmacologic therapies for patients.This week, as you examine therapy for patients with dementia/Alzheimer’s and comorbid states, you review psychopharmacologic approaches to treatment for these patients across the life span. You will also complete your Final Exam. NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsLearning ObjectivesStudents will:Assess psychopharmacologic approaches to treatment for patients across the life spanLearning ResourcesRequired Readings (click to expand/reduce)Gatchel, J. R., Wright, C. L., Falk, W. E., & Trinh, N. (2016). Dementia. In T. A. Stern, M. Favo, T. E. Wilens, & J. F. Rosenbaum. (Eds.), Massachusetts General Hospital psychopharmacology and neurotherapeutics (pp. 149–162). Elsevier.Angermeyer, M. C., Matschinger, H., & Schomerus, G. (2013). Attitudes towards psychiatric treatment and people with mental illness: Changes over two decades. The British Journal of Psychiatry, 203(2), 146–151. https://doi.org/10.1192/bjp.bp.112.122978Bui, Q. (2012). Antidepressants for agitation and psychosis in patients with dementia. American Family Physician, 85(1), 20–22 NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsCrocker, A. G., Prokić, A., Morin, D., & Reyes, A. (2014). Intellectual disability and co-occurring mental health and physical disorders in aggressive behaviour. Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, 58(11), 1032–1044. https://doi.org/10.1111/jir.12080Dingfelder, S. F. (2009). Stigma: Alive and well. Monitor on Psychology, 40(6), 56-59. https://doi.org/10.1037/e542802009-028Erickson, S. C., Le, L., Zakharyan, A., Stockl, K. M., Harada, A. M., Borson, S., Ramsey, S. D., & Curtis, B. (2012). New-onset treatment-dependent diabetes mellitus and hyperlipidemia associated with atypical antipsychotic use in older adults without schizophrenia or bipolar disorder. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, 60(3), 474–479. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1532-5415.2011.03842.xJenkins, J. H. (2012). The anthropology of psychopharmacology: Commentary on contributions to the analysis of pharmaceutical self and imaginary. Culture, Medicine and Psychiatry, 36(1), 78–79. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11013-012-9248-0Malhotra, A. K., Zhang, J., & Lencz, T. (2012). Pharmacogenetics in psychiatry: Translating research into clinical practice. Molecular Psychiatry, 17(8), 760–769. https://doi.org/10.1038/mp.2011.146Medication Resources (click to expand/reduce)Optional Resources (click to expand/reduce)Final Exam NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology AssignmentsThis exam will cover the following topics, which relate to psychopharmacologic approaches to treatment for patients across the life span:Therapy for Patients With Substance DependenceTherapy for Patients With Impulsivity, Compulsivity, and Substance Use DisorderTherapy for Patients With ADHDTherapy for Patients With Dementia/Alzheimer’sTherapy for Patients With Pathophysiology and Psychiatric Comorbidities Photo Credit: [Vergeles_Andrey]/[iStock / Getty Images Plus]/Getty ImagesPrior to starting the exam, you should review all of your materials. There is a 2.5-hour time limit to complete this 50-question exam. You may only attempt this exam once.This exam is a test of your knowledge in preparation for your certification exam. No outside resources including books, notes, websites, or any other type of resource are to be used to complete this exam. You are expected to comply with Walden University’s Code of Conduct.By Day 7Submit your Final Exam by Day 7. NURS 6630: Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Psychopathology Assignments

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