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NURS 6512 Week 3 Assignment: Assessment Tools and Diagnostic Tests in Adults and Children

NURS 6512 Week 3 Assignment: Assessment Tools and Diagnostic Tests in Adults and Children NURS 6512 Week 3 Assignment: Assessment Tools and Diagnostic Tests in Adults and ChildrenWeek 3: Assessment Tools, Diagnostics, Growth, Measurement, and Nutrition in Adults and ChildrenMany experts predict that genetic testing for disease susceptibility is well on its way to becoming a routine part of clinical care. Yet many of the genetic tests currently being developed are, in the words of the World Health Organization (WHO), of “questionable prognostic value.”—Leslie Pray, PhDObesity remains one of the most common chronic diseases in the United States. As a leading cause of United States mortality, morbidity, disability, healthcare utilization and healthcare costs, the high prevalence of obesity continues to strain the United States healthcare system (Obesity Society, 2016).  More than one-third (39.8%) of U.S. adults have obesity (CDC, 2018). The estimated annual medical cost of obesity in the U.S. was $147 billion in 2008 U.S. dollars; the medical costs for people who are obese were $1,429 higher than those of normal weight (CDC, 2018).NURS 6512 Week 3 Assignment: Assessment Tools and Diagnostic Tests in Adults and ChildrenAccording to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), the rate of childhood obesity has tripled in the past 30 years, with an estimated 13.7 million children and adolescents considered obese (CDC, 2018). When seeking insights about a patient’s overall health and nutritional state, body measurements can provide a valuable perspective. This is particularly important with pediatric patients. Measurements such as height and weight can provide clues to potential health problems and help predict how children will respond to illness. Nurses need to be proficient at using assessment tools, such as the Body Mass Index (BMI) and growth charts, in order to assess nutrition-related health risks and pediatric development while being sensitive to other factors that may affect these measures. Body Mass Index is also used as a predictor for measurement of adult weight and health.NURS 6512 Week 3 Assignment: Assessment Tools and Diagnostic Tests in Adults and ChildrenORDER A PLAGIARISM-FREE PAPER HEREAssessments are constantly being conducted on patients, but they may not provide useful information. In order to ensure that health assessments provide relevant data, nurses should familiarize themselves with test-specific factors that may affect the validity, reliability, and value of these tools.This week, you will explore various assessment tools and diagnostic tests that are used to gather information about patients’ conditions. You will examine the validity and reliability of these tests and tools. You will also examine assessment techniques, health risks and concerns, and recommendations for care related to patient growth, weight, and nutrition.Learning ObjectivesStudents will:NURS 6512 Week 3 Assignment: Assessment Tools and Diagnostic Tests in Adults and ChildrenEvaluate validity and reliability of assessment tools and diagnostic testsAnalyze diversity considerations in health assessmentsApply concepts, theories, and principles related to examination techniques, functional assessments, and cultural and diversity awareness in health assessmentApply assessment skills to collect patient health historiesLearning ResourcesRequired Readings (click to expand/reduce)Ball, J. W., Dains, J. E., Flynn, J NURS 6512 Week 3 Assignment: Assessment Tools and Diagnostic Tests in Adults and Children. A., Solomon, B. S., & Stewart, R. W. (2019). Seidel’s guide to physical examination: An interprofessional approach (9th ed.). St. Louis, MO: Elsevier Mosby.Chapter 3, “Examination Techniques and Equipment”This chapter explains the physical examination techniques of inspection, palpation, percussion, and auscultation. This chapter also explores special issues and equipment relevant to the physical exam process. Chapter 8, “Growth and Nutrition”In this chapter, the authors explain examinations for growth, gestational age, and pubertal development. The authors also differentiate growth among the organ systems. Chapter 5, “Recording Information”  (Previously read in Week 1)This chapter provides rationale and methods for maintaining clear and accurate records. The text also explores the legal aspects of patient records.Ball, J. W., Dains, J. E., Flynn, J. A., Solomon, B. S., & Stewart, R. W. (2019). Student checklist: Health history guide. In Seidel’s guide to physical examination (9th ed.). St. Louis, MO: Elsevier Mosby.Credit Line:  Seidel’s Guide to Physical Examination, 9th Edition by Ball, J. W., Dains, J. E., Flynn, J. A., Solomon, B. S., & Stewart, R. W. Copyright 2019 by Elsevier Health Sciences. Reprinted by permission of Elsevier Health Sciences via the Copyright Clearance Center.Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2021, April 9). Childhood overweight & obesity. http://www.cdc.gov/obesity/childhood/This website provides information about overweight and obese children. Additionally, the website provides basic facts about obesity and strategies to counteracting obesity.Chaudhry, M. A. I., & Nisar, A. (2017)NURS 6512 Week 3 Assignment: Assessment Tools and Diagnostic Tests in Adults and Children. Escalating health care cost due to unnecessary diagnostic testing. Mehran University Research Journal of Engineering and Technology, (3), 569.This study explores the escalating healthcare cost due the unnecessary use of diagnostic testing. Consider the impact of health insurance coverage in each state and how nursing professionals must be cognizant when ordering diagnostics for different individuals.Dains, J. E., Baumann, L. C., & Scheibel, P. (2019). Advanced health assessment and clinical diagnosis in primary care (6th ed.). St. Louis, MO: Elsevier Mosby.Credit Line: Advanced Health Assessment and Clinical Diagnosis in Primary Care, 6th Edition by Dains, J.E., Baumann, L. C., & Scheibel, P. Copyright 2019 by Mosby. Reprinted by permission of Mosby via the Copyright Clearance Center. Chapter 1, “Clinical Reasoning, Evidence-Based Practice, and Symptom Analysis” This chapter introduces the diagnostic process, which includes performing an analysis of the symptoms and then formulating and testing a hypothesis. The authors discuss how becoming an expert clinician takes time and practice in developing clinical judgment.Noble, H., & Smith, J. (2015) Issues of validity and reliability in qualitative research . Evidence Based Nursing, 18(2), pp. 34–35.NURS 6512 Week 3 Assignment: Assessment Tools and Diagnostic Tests in Adults and ChildrenNyante, S. J., Benefield, T. S., Kuzmiak, C. M., Earnhardt, K., Pritchard, M., & Henderson, L. M. (2021). Population‐level impact of coronavirus disease 2019 on breast cancer screening and diagnostic procedures. Cancer, 127(12), 2111–2121. https://doi.org/10.1002/cncr.33460Seidel, H. M., Ball, J. W., Dains, J. E., Flynn, J. A., Solomon, B. S., & Stewart, R. W. (2011). History subjective data checklist. In Mosby’s guide to physical examination (7th ed.). St. Louis, MO: Elsevier Mosby.Credit Line: Mosby’s Guide to Physical Examination, 7th Edition by Seidel, H. M., Ball, J. W., Dains, J. E., Flynn, J. A., Solomon, B. S., & Stewart, R. W. Copyright 2011 by Elsevier. Reprinted by permission of Elsevier via the Copyright Clearance Center. This History Subjective Data Checklist was published as a companion to Seidel’s Guide to Physical Examination (8th ed.NURS 6512 Week 3 Assignment: Assessment Tools and Diagnostic Tests in Adults and Children) by Ball, J. W., Dains, J. E., & Flynn, J.A. Copyright Elsevier (2015). From https://evolve.elsevier.comSullivan, D. D. (2019). Guide to clinical documentation (3rd ed.). Philadelphia, PA: F. A. Davis.Chapter 2, “The Comprehensive History and Physical Exam” (Previously read in Week 1)Chapter 5, “Pediatric Preventative Care Visits” (pp. 91 101)Shadow Health Support and Orientation ResourcesUse the following resources to guide you through your Shadow Health orientation as well as other support resources:Shadow Health. (2021). Welcome to your introduction to Shadow Health. https://link.shadowhealth.com/Student-Orientation-VideoShadow Health. (n.d.). Shadow Health help desk. Retrieved from https://support.shadowhealth.com/hc/en-usShadow Health. (2021). Walden University quick start guide: NURS 6512 NP students. https://link.shadowhealth.com/Walden-NURS-6512-Student-GuideDocument: Shadow Health Nursing Documentation Tutorial (Word document)Optional ResourceLeBlond, R. F., Brown, D. D., & DeGowin, R. L. (2020). DeGowin’s diagnostic examination (11th ed.). New York, NY: McGraw Hill Medical.Chapter 3, “The Screening Physical Examination”Chapter 17, “Principles of Diagnostic Testing”Chapter 18, “Common Laboratory Tests”Required Media (click to expand/reduce)NURS 6512 Week 3 Assignment: Assessment Tools and Diagnostic Tests in Adults and ChildrenAssignment 1: Case Study Assignment: Assessment Tools and Diagnostic Tests in Adults and ChildrenWhen seeking to identify a patient’s health condition, advanced practice nurses can use a diverse selection of diagnostic tests and assessment tools; however, different factors affect the validity and reliability of the results produced by these tests or tools. Nurses must be aware of these factors in order to select the most appropriate test or tool and to accurately interpret the results.Not only do these diagnostic tests affect adults, body measurements can provide a general picture of whether a child is receiving adequate nutrition or is at risk for health issues. These data, however, are just one aspect to be considered. Lifestyle, family history, and culture—among other factors—are also relevant. That said, gathering and communicating this information can be a delicate process.NURS 6512 Week 3 Assignment: Assessment Tools and Diagnostic Tests in Adults and ChildrenPhoto Credit: Getty Images/Hero ImagesFor this Assignment, you will consider the validity and reliability of different assessment tools and diagnostic tests. You will explore issues such as sensitivity, specificity, and positive and negative predictive values. You will also consider examples of children with various weight issues. You will explore how you could effectively gather information and encourage parents and caregivers to be proactive about their children’s health and weight.To PrepareReview this week’s Learning Resources and consider factors that impact the validity and reliability of various assessment tools and diagnostic tests. You also will review examples of pediatric patients and their families as it relates to BMI.NURS 6512 Week 3 Assignment: Assessment Tools and Diagnostic Tests in Adults and ChildrenBy Day 1 of this week, you will be assigned to one of the following Assignment options by your Instructor: Adult Assessment Tools or Diagnostic Tests (option 1), or Child Health Case (Option 2). Note: Please see the “Course Announcements” section of the classroom for your assignments from your Instructor.Search the Walden Library and credible sources for resources explaining the tool or test you were assigned. What is its purpose, how is it conducted, and what information does it gather?Also, as you search the Walden library and credible sources, consider what the literature discusses regarding the validity, reliability, sensitivity, specificity, predictive values, ethical dilemmas, and controversies related to the test or tool.If you are assigned Assignment Option 2 (Child), consider what health issues and risks may be relevant to the child in the health example.Based on the risks you identified, consider what further information you would need to gain a full understanding of the child’s health. Think about how you could gather this information in a sensitive fashion.NURS 6512 Week 3 Assignment: Assessment Tools and Diagnostic Tests in Adults and ChildrenConsider how you could encourage parents or caregivers to be proactive toward the child’s health.The AssignmentAssignment (3–4 pages, not including title and reference pages):Assignment Option 1: Adult Assessment Tools or Diagnostic Tests:Include the following:A description of how the assessment tool or diagnostic test you were assigned is used in healthcare.What is its purpose?How is it conducted?What information does it gather?Based on your research, evaluate the test or the tool’s validity and reliability, and explain any issues with sensitivity, reliability, and predictive values. Include references in appropriate APA formatting.Assignment Option 2: Child Health Case:Include the following:NURS 6512 Week 3 Assignment: Assessment Tools and Diagnostic Tests in Adults and ChildrenAn explanation of the health issues and risks that are relevant to the child you were assigned.Describe additional information you would need in order to further assess his or her weight-related health.Identify and describe any risks and consider what further information you would need to gain a full understanding of the child’s health. Think about how you could gather this information in a sensitive fashion.Taking into account the parents’ and caregivers’ potential sensitivities, list at least three specific questions you would ask about the child to gather more information.Provide at least two strategies you could employ to encourage the parents or caregivers to be proactive about their child’s health and weight.By Day 6 of Week 3Submit your Assignment. Rubric Detail Select Grid View or List View to change the rubric’s layout.ContentName: NURS_6512_Week_3_Assignment_1_Rubric_Option_1NURS 6512 Week 3 Assignment: Assessment Tools and Diagnostic Tests in Adults and ChildrenGrid ViewList ViewExcellentGoodFairPoorIn 3–4 pages, address the following:A description of how the assessment tool or diagnostic test you were assigned is used in healthcare.o What is its purpose?o How is it conducted?o What information does it gather?NURS 6512 Week 3 Assignment: Assessment Tools and Diagnostic Tests in Adults and ChildrenPoints Range: 30 (30%) – 35 (35%)The response clearly, accurately, and with specific detail describes how the assessment tool or diagnostic test assigned is used in healthcare, including its purpose, how it is conducted, and what information it gathers.Points Range: 24 (24%) – 29 (29%)The response accurately describes how the assessment tool or diagnostic test assigned is used in healthcare, including its purpose, how it is conducted, and what information it gathers.NURS 6512 Week 3 Assignment: Assessment Tools and Diagnostic Tests in Adults and ChildrenPoints Range: 18 (18%) – 23 (23%)The response vaguely and/or with some inaccuracy describes how the assessment tool or diagnostic test assigned is used in healthcare, including its purpose, how it is conducted, and what information it gathers.Points Range: 0 (0%) – 17 (17%)The response is inaccurate or missing descriptions of how the assessment tool or diagnostic test assigned is used in healthcare, including its purpose, how it is conducted, and what information it gathers.Based on your research, evaluate the test or the tool’s validity and reliability, and explain any issues with sensitivity, reliability, and predictive values.NURS 6512 Week 3 Assignment: Assessment Tools and Diagnostic Tests in Adults and ChildrenPoints Range: 45 (45%) – 50 (50%)The response accurately and thoroughly evaluates the test or tool’s validity and reliability, and explains any issues with clear sensitivity, reliability, and predictive values. Student’s research is clear, accurate, and appropriate for the evaluation.Points Range: 39 (39%) – 44 (44%)The response accurately evaluates the test or tool’s validity and reliability, and explains any issues with sensitivity, reliability, and predictive values. Student’s research is somewhat clear, accurate,and appropriate for the evaluation.NURS 6512 Week 3 Assignment: Assessment Tools and Diagnostic Tests in Adults and ChildrenPoints Range: 33 (33%) – 38 (38%)The response vaguely and/or with some inaccuracy evaluates the test or tool’s validity and reliability, and explains any issues with some sensitivity, reliability, and predictive values. Student’s research is vague or inaccurate for the evaluation.Points Range: 0 (0%) – 32 (32%)“The response is inaccurate and/or missing evaluations of the test or tool’s validity and reliability, with explanations of any issues missing or lacking sensitivity, reliability, and predictive values. Student’s research is missing, inaccurate, or lacking for the evaluation.Written Expression and Formatting – Paragraph Development and Organization:Paragraphs make clear points that support well-developed ideas, flow logically, and demonstrate continuity of ideas. Sentences are carefully focused–neither long and rambling nor short and lacking substance. A clear and comprehensive purpose statement and introduction are provided that delineate all required criteria.NURS 6512 Week 3 Assignment: Assessment Tools and Diagnostic Tests in Adults and ChildrenPoints Range: 5 (5%) – 5 (5%)Paragraphs and sentences follow writing standards for flow, continuity, and clarity. A clear and comprehensive purpose statement, introduction, and conclusion are provided that delineate all required criteria.Points Range: 4 (4%) – 4 (4%)Paragraphs and sentences follow writing standards for flow, continuity, and clarity 80% of the time. Purpose, introduction, and conclusion of the assignment are stated, yet are brief and not descriptive.NURS 6512 Week 3 Assignment: Assessment Tools and Diagnostic Tests in Adults and ChildrenPoints Range: 3 (3%) – 3 (3%)Paragraphs and sentences follow writing standards for flow, continuity, and clarity 60%–79% of the time. Purpose, introduction, and conclusion of the assignment are vague or off topic.Points Range: 0 (0%) – 2 (2%)Paragraphs and sentences follow writing standards for flow, continuity, and clarity < 60% of the time. No purpose statement, introduction, or conclusion were provided.Written Expression and Formatting – English writing standards:Correct grammar, mechanics, and proper punctuationNURS 6512 Week 3 Assignment: Assessment Tools and Diagnostic Tests in Adults and ChildrenPoints Range: 5 (5%) – 5 (5%)Uses correct grammar, spelling, and punctuation with no errors.Points Range: 4 (4%) – 4 (4%)Contains a few (1 or 2) grammar, spelling, and punctuation errors.NURS 6512 Week 3 Assignment: Assessment Tools and Diagnostic Tests in Adults and ChildrenPoints Range: 3 (3%) – 3 (3%)Contains several (3 or 4) grammar, spelling, and punctuation errors.Points Range: 0 (0%) – 2 (2%)Contains many (≥ 5) grammar, spelling, and punctuation errors that interfere with the reader’s understanding.Written Expression and Formatting – The paper follows correct APA format for title page, headings, font, spacing, margins, indentations, page numbers, running heads, parenthetical/in-text citations, and reference list.Points Range: 5 (5%) – 5 (5%)Uses correct APA format with no errors.NURS 6512 Week 3 Assignment: Assessment Tools and Diagnostic Tests in Adults and ChildrenPoints Range: 4 (4%) – 4 (4%)Contains a few (1 or 2) APA format errors.Points Range: 3 (3%) – 3 (3%)Contains several (3 or 4) APA format errors.Points Range: 0 (0%) – 2 (2%)Contains many (≥ 5) APA format errors.NURS 6512 Week 3 Assignment: Assessment Tools and Diagnostic Tests in Adults and Children Total Points: 100Name: NURS_6512_Week_3_Assignment_1_Rubric_Option_1 Rubric Detail Select Grid View or List View to change the rubric’s layout.ContentName: NURS_6512_Week_3_Assignment_1_Rubric_Option_2NURS 6512 Week 3 Assignment: Assessment Tools and Diagnostic Tests in Adults and ChildrenGrid ViewList ViewExcellentGoodFairPoorIn 3–4 pages, address the following:An explanation of the health issues and risks that are relevant to the child you were assigned.Points Range: 20 (20%) – 25 (25%)The response clearly, accurately, and in detail explains the relevant health issues and risks for the assigned child.NURS 6512 Week 3 Assignment: Assessment Tools and Diagnostic Tests in Adults and ChildrenPoints Range: 19 (19%) – 24 (24%)The response accurately explains the relevant health issues and risks for the assigned child.NURS 6512 Week 3 Assignment: Assessment Tools and Diagnostic Tests in Adults and ChildrenPoints Range: 18 (18%) – 23 (23%)The response vaguely and with some inaccuracy explains the relevant health issues and risks for the assigned child.Points Range: 0 (0%) – 17 (17%)The response is inaccurate and/or missing explanations of the relevant health issues and risks for the assigned child.Describe additional information you would need in order to further assess his or her weight-related health.Points Range: 20 (20%) – 25 (25%)The response clearly and accurately describes detailed additional information needed to further assess the child’s weight-related health.Points Range: 19 (19%) – 24 (24%)The response accurately describes additional information needed to further assess the child’s weight-related health.Points Range: 18 (18%) – 23 (23%)The response vaguely and with some inaccuracy describes additional information needed to further assess the child’s weight-related health.Points Range: 0 (0%) – 17 (17%)The response is inaccurate and/or missing a description of additional information needed to further assess the child’s weight-related health.Identify and describe any risks, and consider what further information you would need to gain a full understanding of the child’s health. Think about how you could gather this information in a sensitive fashion.NURS 6512 Week 3 Assignment: Assessment Tools and Diagnostic Tests in Adults and ChildrenPoints Range: 18 (18%) – 20 (20%)The response clearly and accurately identifies and describes in detail any risks to the child’s health. The response clearly and accurately identifies and describes in detail further information needed to gain a full understanding of the child’s health, with a detailed explanation of how to gather that information in a way that is sensitive to the child.NURS 6512 Week 3 Assignment: Assessment Tools and Diagnostic Tests in Adults and ChildrenPoints Range: 16 (16%) – 17 (17%)The response accurately identifies and describes any risks to the child’s health. The response accurately identifies and describes further information needed to gain a full understanding of the child’s health, with a clear explanation of how to gather that information in a way that is sensitive to the child.NURS 6512 Week 3 Assignment: Assessment Tools and Diagnostic Tests in Adults and ChildrenPoints Range: 14 (14%) – 14 (14%)The response vaguely and with some inaccuracy identifies and describes any risks to the child’s health. The response vaguely identifies and describes further information needed to gain a full understanding of the child’s health, with a vague explanation of how to gather that information in a way that is sensitive to the child.Points Range: 0 (0%) – 13 (13%)The response identifies inaccurately and/or is missing descriptions of any risks to the child’s health. The response identifies inaccurately and/or is missing descriptions of further information needed to gain a full understanding of the child’s health, with an inadequate or missing explanation of how to gather that information in a way that is sensitive to the child.NURS 6512 Week 3 Assignment: Assessment Tools and Diagnostic Tests in Adults and ChildrenTaking into account the parents’ and caregivers’ potential sensitivities, list at least three specific questions you would ask about the child to gather more information.Points Range: 10 (10%) – 10 (10%)The response clearly and accurately lists three or more specific questions that would gather more information about the child. Specific questions are carefully worded to clearly demonstrate sensitivity to the parent(s) or caregiver(s) of the child.NURS 6512 Week 3 Assignment: Assessment Tools and Diagnostic Tests in Adults and ChildrenNURS 6512 Week 3 Assignment: Assessment Tools and Diagnostic Tests in Adults and ChildrenPoints Range: 9 (9%) – 9 (9%)The response lists three specific questions that would gather more information about the child. Specific questions are worded to demonstrate sensitivity to the parent(s) or caregiver(s) of the child.Points Range: 8 (8%) – 8 (8%)The response lists three questions with wording that is vague and lacking specificity for gathering more information about the child. Some wording of the questions lacks sensitivity to the parent(s) or caregiver(s) of the child.Points Range: 0 (0%) – 7 (7%)The response lists two or fewer confusing or inadequate questions, or is missing questions, for gathering more information about the child. Wording of questions provided lacks sensitivity to the parent(s) or caregiver(s) of the child.Provide at least two strategies you could employ to encourage the parents or caregivers to be proactive about their child’s health and weight.Points Range: 5 (5%) – 5 (5%)The response clearly describes two or more detailed strategies to encourage the parent(s) or caregiver(s) to be proactive about the child’s health and weight.NURS 6512 Week 3 Assignment: Assessment Tools and Diagnostic Tests in Adults and ChildrenPoints Range: 4 (4%) – 4 (4%)The response describes at least two strategies to encourage the parent(s) or caregiver(s) to be proactive about the child’s health and weight.Points Range: 3 (3%) – 3 (3%)The response vaguely describes two strategies to encourage the parent(s) or caregiver(s) to be proactive about the child’s health and weight.Points Range: 0 (0%) – 2 (2%)The response inadequately describes one strategy or is missing strategies to encourage the parent(s) or caregiver(s) to be proactive about the child’s health and weight.Written Expression and Formatting – Paragraph Development and Organization:Paragraphs make clear points that support well-developed ideas, flow logically, and demonstrate continuity of ideas. Sentences are carefully focused–neither long and rambling nor short and lacking substance. A clear and comprehensive purpose statement and introduction are provided that delineate all required criteria.NURS 6512 Week 3 Assignment: Assessment Tools and Diagnostic Tests in Adults and ChildrenPoints Range: 5 (5%) – 5 (5%)Paragraphs and sentences follow writing standards for flow, continuity, and clarity. A clear and comprehensive purpose statement, introduction, and conclusion are provided that delineate all required criteria.NURS 6512 Week 3 Assignment: Assessment Tools and Diagnostic Tests in Adults and ChildrenPoints Range: 4 (4%) – 4 (4%)Paragraphs and sentences follow writing standards for flow, continuity, and clarity 80% of the time. Purpose, introduction, and conclusion of the assignment are stated, yet are brief and not descriptive.Points Range: 3 (3%) – 3 (3%)Paragraphs and sentences follow writing standards for flow, continuity, and clarity 60%–79% of the time. Purpose, introduction, and conclusion of the assignment are vague or off topic.NURS 6512 Week 3 Assignment: Assessment Tools and Diagnostic Tests in Adults and ChildrenPoints Range: 0 (0%) – 2 (2%)Paragraphs and sentences follow writing standards for flow, continuity, and clarity < 60% of the time. No purpose statement, introduction, or conclusion were provided.Written Expression and Formatting – English writing standards:Correct grammar, mechanics, and proper punctuationPoints Range: 5 (5%) – 5 (5%)Uses correct grammar, spelling, and punctuation with no errors.NURS 6512 Week 3 Assignment: Assessment Tools and Diagnostic Tests in Adults and ChildrenPoints Range: 4 (4%) – 4 (4%)Contains a few (1 or 2) grammar, spelling, and punctuation errors.Points Range: 3 (3%) – 3 (3%)Contains several (3 or 4) grammar, spelling, and punctuation errors.NURS 6512 Week 3 Assignment: Assessment Tools and Diagnostic Tests in Adults and ChildrenPoints Range: 0 (0%) – 2 (2%)Contains many (≥ 5) grammar, spelling, and punctuation errors that interfere with the reader’s understanding.Written Expression and Formatting – The paper follows correct APA format for title page, headings, font, spacing, margins, indentations, page numbers, running heads, parenthetical/in-text citations, and reference list.Points Range: 5 (5%) – 5 (5%)Uses correct APA format with no errors.NURS 6512 Week 3 Assignment: Assessment Tools and Diagnostic Tests in Adults and ChildrenPoints Range: 4 (4%) – 4 (4%)Contains a few (1 or 2) APA format errors.Points Range: 3 (3%) – 3 (3%)Contains several (3 or 4) APA format errors.Points Range: 0 (0%) – 2 (2%)Contains many (≥ 5) APA format errors. Total Points: 100Name: NURS_6512_Week_3_Assignment_1_Rubric_Option_2 The Advance Health Assessment  Assessment Tools and Diagnostic Tests in Adults and ChildrenColonoscopy is an endoscopic procedure that involves the process of examining the large bowel and the distal regions of the small bowel. It is considered as the procedure whereby the physician utilizes the colonoscope or the scope to examine the inside of the rectum or colon. It also helps in checking inside the bowels hence assisting in the examination of the cause of the bowel symptoms. The tool uses the CCD or the fiber optic camera on a flexible tube. The tube is passed through the anus after its insertion into the rectum (Yamada et al., 2019)NURS 6512 Week 3 Assignment: Assessment Tools and Diagnostic Tests in Adults and Children. The tool has a tiny camera at the tip of the tube that enables physicians to successfully view the inside of the entire region of the colon.The purpose of a colonoscopyThe colonoscopy refers to the imaging test that is used for the diagnosis of any abnormalities or changes that takes place in the rectum or colon. It is a screening test for colorectal cancer that begins in the colon or rectum. Through the test procedure, the doctor gets an opportunity to view inside the entire sections of the colon and rectum. This tool contains a tiny video camera on the end that helps the physician in viewing inside the rectum or colon (Maratt& Calderwood, 2019). During the examination, the doctor looks for the presence of polyps or the small growth found on the colon whichis likely to turn to cancer disease over time.NURS 6512 Week 3 Assignment: Assessment Tools and Diagnostic Tests in Adults and ChildrenThe detection of the presence of polyps helps in the early screening process and removing them polys before they turn to be a life-threatening condition. In addition to the cancer diagnosis, the colonoscopy as a tool helps in the diagnosis of other gut-associated abnormalities (Maratt& Calderwood, 2019). These are abnormalities that lead to the problems like pain in the abdomen, chronic constipation anddiarrhea, bleeding of the rectum, for example,hemorrhoids, colitis or the inflamed colon, and diverticular illness like the outpouching of the colon wall. NURS 6512 Week 3 Assignment: Assessment Tools and Diagnostic Tests in Adults and ChildrenHow colonoscopy procedure is performedThe colonoscopy is carried out to help in the diagnosis of the etiology and other related symptoms that lead to the problems of the colon and rectum. This is a minimally invasive procedure that is achieved through the aid of a colonoscopy. Before the performance of the procedure, there is a need for the preparation for the procedure. The first preparation is the need tocleanout or ensures that there is an empty colon. This is because the presence of any residue within the colon can obscure the view of the colon and the rectum (Shine et al., 2020). The procedure in emptying the colon might require adherence to the special diet the day before the examination, taking a laxative in the form of a pill or liquid form, use of the enema kit, and adjusting the medications.During the procedure, the patient is made to wear a gown followed by sedation upon the recommendation of the doctor. The patient is then made to lie on the examination table with the knees drawn towards the chest(Shine et al., 2020).The gastroenterologists utilize the scope to help in the detection of the precancerous polyps and other lesions.NURS 6512 Week 3 Assignment: Assessment Tools and Diagnostic Tests in Adults and ChildrenThe colonoscope is inserted into the client’s rectum and the physician gets the opportunity to get a clear view of the colon and rectum. Since the colonoscope is flexible, it allows viewing along the length of the colon. The doctor gently pushes the tube inside the colon and takes the pictures along the way. The physician pumpsa small amount of air inside the colon to help in keeping it open while the tube is inside. During the examination, the doctor looks for the presence of polyps which are considered to be the tiny growth inside the colon that can later turn into cancer with time (Shine et al., 2020). If there is a presence of polyps inside the colon, the physician removes them during the examination.The process of scheduling for the colonoscopy procedure can be a drag since some individuals have some fear about the procedure with the possibilities of being painful. Despite this fear, some medications are administered to help in the promotion of the relaxation process and keep the patients more comfortable throughout the procedure. Even though it is possible to experience symptoms such as diarrhea, nausea, and the feeling of hunger during the preparation process, the discomfort tends to be temporal (Martin et al., 2020). It is a consolation that it has to be ensured since it is aid in preventing the possibilities of a cancer diagnosis.NURS 6512 Week 3 Assignment: Assessment Tools and Diagnostic Tests in Adults and ChildrenThe information collected using the colonoscopyDuring the procedure, a tiny video camera on the tip of the colonoscopeenable the physicians to examine inside the entire region of the colon. This allows getting the details or clear picture of the colon to determine the presence of the polyps or other abnormal tissue that is removable through the scope (Martin et al., 2020). The information collected is related to the intestinal signs and symptoms that assist in exploring the possibilities of pain in the abdomen, bleeding of the rectum, chronic constipation and diarrhea, and other problems with the intestine.NURS 6512 Week 3 Assignment: Assessment Tools and Diagnostic Tests in Adults and Children ReferencesMaratt, J. K., & Calderwood, A. H. (2019). Colorectal cancer screening and surveillance colonoscopy in older adults. Current treatment options in gastroenterology, 17(2), 292-302. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11938-019-00230-9Martin, J. W., Scaglioni, B., Norton, J. C., Subramanian, V., Arezzo, A., Obstein, K. L., &Valdastri, P. (2020). Enabling the future of colonoscopy with intelligent and autonomous magnetic manipulation. Nature machine intelligence, 2(10), 595-606.https://doi.org/10.1038/s42256-020-00231-9Shine, R., Bui, A., & Burgess, A. (2020). Quality indicators in colonoscopy: an evolving paradigm. ANZ journal of surgery, 90(3), 215-221. https://doi.org/10.1111/ans.15775Yamada, M., Saito, Y., Imaoka, H., Saiko, M., Yamada, S., Kondo, H., … &Hamamoto, R. (2019). Development of a real-time endoscopic image diagnosis support system using deep learning technology in colonoscopy. Scientific reports, 9(1), 1-9.https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-019-50567-5. NURS 6512 Week 3 Assignment: Assessment Tools and Diagnostic Tests in Adults and Children

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