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NURS 6501 Week 4: Alterations in the Cardiovascular and Respiratory Systems Essay

NURS 6501 Week 4: Alterations in the Cardiovascular and Respiratory Systems Essay NURS 6501 Week 4: Alterations in the Cardiovascular and Respiratory Systems EssayCardiovascular and respiratory disorders can quickly become dangerous healthcare matters, and they routinely land among the leading causes of hospital admissions. Disorders in these areas are complicated by the fact that these two systems work so closely as contributors to overall health. APRNs working to form a similarly close partnership with patients must demonstrate not only support and compassion, but expertise to guide the understanding of diagnoses and treatment plans. This includes an understanding of patient medical backgrounds, relevant characteristics, and other variables that can be factors in their diagnoses and treatments.NURS 6501 Week 4: Alterations in the Cardiovascular and Respiratory Systems EssayThis week, you examine alterations in the cardiovascular and respiratory systems and the resultant disease processes. You also consider patient characteristics, including racial and ethnic variables, and the impact they have on altered physiology.Learning ObjectivesStudents will:Analyze processes related to cardiovascular and respiratory disordersAnalyze alterations in the cardiovascular and respiratory systems and the resultant disease processesAnalyze racial/ethnic variables that may impact physiological functioningEvaluate the impact of patient characteristics on disorders and altered physiologyORDER A PLAGIARISM-FREE PAPER HERELearning ResourcesRequired Readings (click to expand/reduce)McCance, K. L. & Huether, S. E. (2019). Pathophysiology: The biologic basis for disease in adults and children (8th ed.). St. Louis, MO: Mosby/Elsevier.Chapter 32: Structure and Function of the Cardiovascular and Lymphatic Systems; Summary ReviewChapter 33NURS 6501 Week 4: Alterations in the Cardiovascular and Respiratory Systems Essay: Alterations of Cardiovascular Function (stop at Dysrhythmias); Summary ReviewChapter 35: Structure and Function of the Pulmonary System; Summary ReviewChapter 36: Alterations of Pulmonary Function (stop at Disorders of the chest wall and pleura); (obstructive pulmonary diseases) (stop at Pulmonary artery hypertension); Summary ReviewNote: The above chapters were first presented in the Week 3 resources. If you read them previously you are encouraged to review them this week.Inamdar, A. A. & Inamdar, A. C. (2016). Heart failure: Diagnosis, management, and utilization, 5(7). doi:10.3390/jcm5070062Note: The above article was first presented in the Week 3 resources. If you read it previously you are encouraged to review it this week.Required Media (click to expand/reduce)NURS 6501 Week 4: Alterations in the Cardiovascular and Respiratory Systems EssayModule 2 Assignment: Case Study AnalysisAn understanding of the cardiovascular and respiratory systems is a critically important component of disease diagnosis and treatment. This importance is magnified by the fact that these two systems work so closely together. A variety of factors and circumstances that impact the emergence and severity of issues in one system can have a role in the performance of the other.Effective disease analysis often requires an understanding that goes beyond these systems and their capacity to work together. The impact of patient characteristics, as well as racial and ethnic variables, can also have an important impact.NURS 6501 Week 4: Alterations in the Cardiovascular and Respiratory Systems EssayPhoto Credit: yodiyim / Adobe StockAn understanding of the symptoms of alterations in cardiovascular and respiratory systems is a critical step in diagnosis and treatment of many diseases. For APRNs this understanding can also help educate patients and guide them through their treatment plans.In this Assignment, you examine a case study and analyze the symptoms presented. You identify the elements that may be factors in the diagnosis, and you explain the implications to patient health.To prepare:By Day 1 of this week, you will be assigned to a specific case study scenario for this Case Study Assignment. Please see the “Course Announcements” section of the classroom for your assignment from your Instructor.Assignment (1- to 2-page case study analysis)In your Case Study Analysis related to the scenario provided, explain the followingNURS 6501 Week 4: Alterations in the Cardiovascular and Respiratory Systems Essay The cardiovascular and cardiopulmonary pathophysiologic processes that result in the patient presenting these symptoms.Any racial/ethnic variables that may impact physiological functioning.How these processes interact to affect the patient.By Day 7 of Week 4Submit your Case Study Analysis Assignment by Day 7 of Week 4Reminder: The College of Nursing requires that all papers submitted include a title page, introduction, summary, and references. The sample paper provided at the Walden Writing Center provides an example of those required elements (available at https://academicguides.waldenu.edu/writingcenter/templates). All papers submitted must use this formatting.NURS 6501 Week 4: Alterations in the Cardiovascular and Respiratory Systems EssayAlterations in the Cardiovascular and Respiratory System sample essayIntroduction.Chronic obstructive pulmonary diseaseis described as a group of health conditions or diseases known to impair airflow and cause challenges associated with ineffective breathing. Among the key diseases associated with COPD include emphysema and chronic bronchitis. COPD conditions have affected over 16 million Americans, and as revealed from recent statistics, COPD condition is long-term that is often caused by risk factors such as frequent exposure to dust and fumes, genetic condition known as Alpha-1 deficiency, a history linked to childhood respiratory infection as well as smoking or second exposure (Toes, 2017)NURS 6501 Week 4: Alterations in the Cardiovascular and Respiratory Systems Essay. As presented in the case study, the patient aged 45 years with a history of COPD might have developed symptoms such as green sputum and difficulties or shortness of breathing due to worsening COPD condition. The green sputum, as indicated by the patient’s symptoms, is a sign of increased bacterial load, which requires immediate medication to alleviate the condition.Problem statement.Based on the case study presented, this paper will focus onthe cardiovascular and pathophysiological process that led to the presentation of symptoms mentioned, as well as provide infights on some of the racial and ethnicvariables that might influence a patient’s physiological functioning. Lastly, the paper will also explain how the said processes may impact the patient.The cardiovascular and cardiopulmonary pathophysiologic processes result in the patient presenting these symptoms. Latest research in the causes, symptoms, and treatment of COPD condition, it has been provided that the patient with this condition might develop symptoms such as green sputum can be attributed to high bacterial load that impedes and limit the proper functioning of airflow. This exacerbated COPD conditions and resulted in decreased ability to breathe breath effectively.  Also, exposure of the patient to chronic irritants caused shortness of breathing and coughing, leading to reduced ability of the lungs to carry out the gaseous exchange as required (Toes, 2017). One of the cardiovascular conditions leading to the presentation of the said symptoms can be attributed to pulmonary hypertension.NURS 6501 Week 4: Alterations in the Cardiovascular and Respiratory Systems Essay Both the heart and the lungs work hand in hand. When conditions such as pulmonary hypertension affect the functionality of the human heart, then the capability of the lung is also compromised, leading to impaired breathing processes, as witnessed in the patient’s case. Perhaps increased inflammation of respiratory sites resulted in coughing symptoms as the and damage of the airways may have led to the shortness of breath.Any racial/ethnic variables that may impact physiological functioning. In terms of ethnic variables, it has been generally found that the prevalence of COPD to blacks is equivalent to 0.58% as opposed to 1.55% among whites. Perhaps medical research has also indicated that black women are at 7% likely to develop COPD when compared to white women at 5.2%. As for the Asians, the likelihood of developing COPD was at 0.78%. Age and sex are also among the variables that impact how patients contract COPD. Over 50% of women who are smokers are likely to get hospitalized and exposed to high chances of death than male smokers. Even if smoking is attributed as the first cause of COPD, racial and ethnicvariables have been found to play a critical role in predisposing many people to such a condition. As indicated above, blackfemales are at higher risk of developing COPD, an aspect that can be associated with the patient’s condition provided in the case study. This affects her physiological functioning by destroying respiratory sites and impairing breathing processes NURS 6501 Week 4: Alterations in the Cardiovascular and Respiratory Systems Essay(Özer & Özgür, 2017).How these processes interact to affect the patient.Human body organs such as the brain,heart, lungs, and kidney work in a coordinated way, where conditions such as pulmonary hypertension impair the proper functioning of the heart. This condition, along with the COPD condition, interacts and affects the process of human breathing, leading to the exacerbation of COPD symptoms (Özer & Özgür, 2017).Summary.COPD is a condition that can be managed when the right actions are taken at the right time. It is normally associated with chronic pneumonia and emphysema. Major symptoms include shortness of breath, wheezing, and chest tightness. It can be treated using antibiotics and a combination of inhalers.NURS 6501 Week 4: Alterations in the Cardiovascular and Respiratory Systems Essay ReferencesKırali, K., Özer, T., & Özgür, M. M. (2017, April 12). Pathophysiology in heart failure. Retrieved from https://www.intechopen.com/books/cardiomyopathies-types-and-treatments/pathophysiology-in-heart-failureToes, R. (2017). SP0145 Pathophysiologic processes leading to the development of autoimmunity. Speaker Presentations. doi:10.1136/annrheumdis-2017-eular.7218Cunha, J. P. (2019). How do I know if my cough is serious? eMedicineHealth. https://www.emedicinehealth.com/how_do_i_know_if_my_cough_is_serious/article_em.htmGilkes, A., Ashworth, M., Schofield, P., Harries, T. H., Durbaba, S., Weston, C., & White, P. (2016). Does COPD risk vary by ethnicity? A retrospective cross-sectional study. International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, 739. https://doi.org/10.2147/copd.s96391Mamary, A. J., Stewart, J. I., Kinney, G. L., Hokanson, J. E., Shenoy, K., Dransfield, M. T., Foreman, M. G., Vance, G. B., & Criner, G. J. (2018). Race and gender disparities are evident in COPD Underdiagnoses across all severities of measured airflow obstruction. Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Diseases: Journal of the COPD Foundation, 5(3), 177-184. https://doi.org/10.15326/jcopdf.5.3.2017.0145Mayo Clinic Staff. (2019, July 9). Chronic cough – Symptoms and causes. Mayo Clinic. https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/chronic-cough/symptoms-causes/syc-20351575NURS 6501 Week 4: Alterations in the Cardiovascular and Respiratory Systems Essay Rubric Detail Select Grid View or List View to change the rubric’s layout.ContentName: NURS_6501_Module2_Case Study_Assignment_RubricGrid ViewList ViewExcellentGoodFairPoorDevelop a 1- to 2-page case study analysis, examing the patient symptoms presented in the case study. Be sure to address the following:Explain both the cardiovascular and cardiopulmonary pathophysiologic processes of why the patient presents these symptoms.Points Range: 28 (28%) – 30 (30%)The response accurately and thoroughly describes the patient symptoms.The response includes accurate, clear, and detailed reasons, with explanation for both the cardiovascular and cardiopulmonary pathophysiologic processes supported by evidence and/or research, as appropriate, to support the explanation.NURS 6501 Week 4: Alterations in the Cardiovascular and Respiratory Systems EssayPoints Range: 25 (25%) – 27 (27%)The response describes the patient symptoms.The response includes accurate reasons, with explanation for both the cardiovascular and cardiopulmonary pathophysiologic processes supported by evidence and/or research, as appropriate, to support the explanation.NURS 6501 Week 4: Alterations in the Cardiovascular and Respiratory Systems EssayPoints Range: 23 (23%) – 24 (24%)The response describes the patient symptoms in a manner that is vague or inaccurate.The response includes reasons for the cardiovascular and/or cardiopulmonary pathophysiologic processes, with explanations that are vague or based on inappropriate evidence/research.Points Range: 0 (0%) – 22 (22%)The response describes the patient symptoms in a manner that is vague and inaccurate, or the description is missing.The response does not include reasons for either the cardiovascular or cardiopulmonary pathophysiologic processes, or the explanations are vague or based on inappropriate or no evidence/research.NURS 6501 Week 4: Alterations in the Cardiovascular and Respiratory Systems EssayExplain how the cardiovascular and cardiopulmonary pathophysiologic processes interact to affect the patient.Points Range: 28 (28%) – 30 (30%)The response includes an accurate, complete, detailed, and specific explanation of how the cardiovascular and cardiopulmonary pathophysiologic processes interact to affect the patient.NURS 6501 Week 4: Alterations in the Cardiovascular and Respiratory Systems EssayPoints Range: 25 (25%) – 27 (27%)The response includes an accurate explanation of how the cardiovascular and cardiopulmonary pathophysiologic processes interact to affect the patient.Points Range: 23 (23%) – 24 (24%)The response includes a vague or inaccurate explanation of how the cardiovascular and cardiopulmonary pathophysiologic processes interact to affect the patient.Points Range: 0 (0%) – 22 (22%)The response includes a vague or inaccurate explanation of how the cardiovascular and cardiopulmonary pathophysiologic processes interact to affect the patient.NURS 6501 Week 4: Alterations in the Cardiovascular and Respiratory Systems EssayExplain any racial/ethnic variables that may impact physiological functioning.Points Range: 23 (23%) – 25 (25%)The response includes an accurate, complete, detailed, and specific explanation of racial/ethnic variables that may impact physiological functioning supported by evidence and/or research, as appropriate, to support the explanation.NURS 6501 Week 4: Alterations in the Cardiovascular and Respiratory Systems EssayPoints Range: 20 (20%) – 22 (22%)The response includes an accurate explanation of racial/ethnic variables that may impact physiological functioning supported by evidence and/or research, as appropriate, to support the explanation.Points Range: 18 (18%) – 19 (19%)The response includes a vague or inaccurate explanation of racial/ethnic variables that may impact physiological functioning, and/or explanations based on inappropriate evidence/research.Points Range: 0 (0%) – 17 (17%)The response includes a vague or inaccurate explanation of racial/ethnic variables that may impact physiological functioning, or the explanations are based on inappropriate or no evidence/research.NURS 6501 Week 4: Alterations in the Cardiovascular and Respiratory Systems EssayWritten Expression and Formatting – Paragraph Development and Organization:Paragraphs make clear points that support well-developed ideas, flow logically, and demonstrate continuity of ideas. Sentences are carefully focused—neither long and rambling nor short and lacking substance. A clear and comprehensive purpose statement and introduction are provided that delineate all required criteria.Points Range: 5 (5%) – 5 (5%)Paragraphs and sentences follow writing standards for flow, continuity, and clarity. NURS 6501 Week 4: Alterations in the Cardiovascular and Respiratory Systems EssayA clear and comprehensive purpose statement, introduction, and conclusion are provided that delineate all required criteria.NURS 6501 Week 4: Alterations in the Cardiovascular and Respiratory Systems EssayPoints Range: 4 (4%) – 4 (4%)Paragraphs and sentences follow writing standards for flow, continuity, and clarity 80% of the time.Purpose, introduction, and conclusion of the assignment are stated, yet are brief and not descriptive.Points Range: 3 (3%) – 3 (3%)Paragraphs and sentences follow writing standards for flow, continuity, and clarity 60%–79% of the time.NURS 6501 Week 4: Alterations in the Cardiovascular and Respiratory Systems EssayPurpose, introduction, and conclusion of the assignment are vague or off topic.Points Range: 0 (0%) – 2 (2%)Paragraphs and sentences follow writing standards for flow, continuity, and clarity < 60% of the time.No purpose statement, introduction, or conclusion were provided.Written Expression and Formatting – English Writing Standards:Correct grammar, mechanics, and proper punctuationPoints Range: 5 (5%) – 5 (5%)Uses correct grammar, spelling, and punctuation with no errors.NURS 6501 Week 4: Alterations in the Cardiovascular and Respiratory Systems EssayPoints Range: 4 (4%) – 4 (4%)Contains a few (1 or 2) grammar, spelling, and punctuation errors.Points Range: 3 (3%) – 3 (3%)Contains several (3 or 4) grammar, spelling, and punctuation errors.Points Range: 0 (0%) – 2 (2%)Contains many (≥ 5) grammar, spelling, and punctuation errors that interfere with the reader’s understanding.Written Expression and Formatting – The paper follows correct APA format for title page, headings, font, spacing, margins, indentations, page numbers, running heads, parenthetical/in-text citations, and reference list.Points Range: 5 (5%) – 5 (5%)Uses correct APA format with no errors.NURS 6501 Week 4: Alterations in the Cardiovascular and Respiratory Systems EssayPoints Range: 4 (4%) – 4 (4%)Contains a few (1 or 2) APA format errors.Points Range: 3 (3%) – 3 (3%)Contains several (3 or 4) APA format errors.NURS 6501 Week 4: Alterations in the Cardiovascular and Respiratory Systems EssayPoints Range: 0 (0%) – 2 (2%)Contains many (≥ 5) APA format errors. Total Points: 100Name: NURS_6501_Module2_Case Study_Assignment_RubricNURS 6501 Week 4: Alterations in the Cardiovascular and Respiratory Systems Essay

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