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NRS-490-RS-Week 4 Literature Evaluation Table

NRS-490-RS-Week 4 Literature Evaluation TableNRS-490-RS-Week 4 Literature Evaluation TableLiterature Evaluation TableStudent Name:Change Topic (2-3 sentences): Criteria Article 1 Article 2 Article 3 Article 4Author, Journal (Peer-Reviewed), andPermalink or Working Link to Access Article          Article Title and Year Published         Research Questions (Qualitative)/Hypothesis (Quantitative), and Purposes/Aim of Study         Design (Type of Quantitative, or Type of Qualitative)    NRS-490-RS-Week 4 Literature Evaluation Table    Setting/Sample         Methods: Intervention/Instruments         Analysis         Key Findings         Recommendations         Explanation of How the Article Supports EBP/Capstone Project         ORDER A PLAGIARISM-FREE PAPER HERE Criteria Article 5 Article 6 Article 7 Article 8Author, Journal (Peer-Reviewed), andPermalink or Working Link to Access Article     NRS-490-RS-Week 4 Literature Evaluation Table    Article Title and Year Published         Research Questions (Qualitative)/Hypothesis (Quantitative), and Purposes/Aim of Study         Design (Type of Quantitative, or Type of Qualitative)         Setting/Sample         Methods: Intervention/Instruments         Analysis         Key Findings         Recommendations         Explanation of How the Article Supports EBP/Capstone    NRS-490-RS-Week 4 Literature Evaluation Table    Top of Form RUBIC FOR LITERATURE ASSIGNMENT             2Less Than Satisfactory 72-75%75.00% 3Satisfactory 76-79%79.00% 4Good 80-89%89.00% 5Excellent 90-100%100.00%100.0 %Article Selection NRS-490-RS-Week 4 Literature Evaluation Table 5.0 %Author, Journal (Peer-Reviewed), and Permalink or Working Link to Access Article Author, journal (peer-reviewed), and permalink or working link to access article section is not included.NRS-490-RS-Week 4 Literature Evaluation Table Author, journal (peer-reviewed), and permalink or working link to access article section is present, but it lacks detail or is incomplete. Author, journal (peer-reviewed), and permalink or working link to access article section is present. Author, journal (peer-reviewed), and permalink or working link to access article section is clearly provided and well developed.NRS-490-RS-Week 4 Literature Evaluation Table Author, journal (peer-reviewed), and permalink or working link to access article section is comprehensive and thoroughly developed with supporting details. 5.0 %Article Title and Year Published Article title and year published section is not included. Article title and year published section is present, but it lacks detail or is incomplete. Article title and year published section is present. Article title and year published section is clearly provided and well developed. Article title and year published section is comprehensive and thoroughly developed with supporting details. 10.0 %Research Questions (Qualitative) or Hypothesis (Quantitative), and Purposes or Aim of Study Research questions (qualitative) or hypothesis (quantitative), and purposes or aim of study section is not included.NRS-490-RS-Week 4 Literature Evaluation Table Research questions (qualitative) or hypothesis (quantitative), and purposes or aim of study section is present, but it lacks detail or is incomplete. Research questions (qualitative) or hypothesis (quantitative), and purposes or aim of study section is present. Research questions (qualitative) or hypothesis (quantitative), and purposes or aim of study section is clearly provided and well developed.NRS-490-RS-Week 4 Literature Evaluation Table Research questions (qualitative) or hypothesis (quantitative), and purposes or aim of study section is comprehensive and thoroughly developed with supporting details. 5.0 %Design (Type of Quantitative, or Type of Qualitative) Design (type of quantitative, or type of qualitative) section is not included. Design (type of quantitative, or type of qualitative) section is present, but it lacks detail or is incomplete. Design (type of quantitative, or type of qualitative) section is present. Design (type of quantitative, or type of qualitative) section is clearly provided and well developed. Design (type of quantitative, or type of qualitative) section is comprehensive and thoroughly developed with supporting details. 5.0 %Setting or Sample Setting or sample section is not included.NRS-490-RS-Week 4 Literature Evaluation Table Setting or sample section is present, but it lacks detail or is incomplete. Setting or sample section is present. Setting or sample section is clearly provided and well developed.NRS-490-RS-Week 4 Literature Evaluation Table Setting or sample section is comprehensive and thoroughly developed with supporting details. 5.0 %Methods: Intervention or Instruments Methods: Intervention or instruments section is not included. Methods: Intervention or instruments section is present, but it lacks detail or is incomplete. Methods: Intervention or instruments section is present. Methods: Intervention or instruments section is clearly provided and well developed. Methods: Intervention or instruments section is comprehensive and thoroughly developed with supporting details. 10.0 %Analysis Analysis section is not included.NRS-490-RS-Week 4 Literature Evaluation Table Analysis section is present, but it lacks detail or is incomplete. Analysis section is present. Analysis section is clearly provided and well developed. Analysis section is comprehensive and thoroughly developed with supporting details. 10.0 %Key Findings Key findings section is not included. Key findings section is present, but it lacks detail or is incomplete. Key findings section is present. Key findings section is clearly provided and well developed. Key findings section is comprehensive and thoroughly developed with supporting details. 10.0 %Recommendations Recommendations section is not included. Recommendations section is present, but it lacks detail or is incomplete.NRS-490-RS-Week 4 Literature Evaluation Table Recommendations section is present. Recommendations section is clearly provided and well developed. Recommendations section is comprehensive and thoroughly developed with supporting details. 10.0 %Explanation of How the Article Supports EBP or Capstone Explanation of how the article supports EBP or capstone section is not included.NRS-490-RS-Week 4 Literature Evaluation Table Explanation of how the article supports EBP or capstone section is present, but it lacks detail or is incomplete. Explanation of how the article supports EBP or capstone section is present. Explanation of how the article supports EBP or capstone section is clearly provided and well developed.NRS-490-RS-Week 4 Literature Evaluation Table Explanation of how the article supports EBP or capstone section is comprehensive and thoroughly developed with supporting details. 10.0 %Presentation The piece is not neat or organized, and it does not include all required elements. The work is not neat and includes minor flaws or omissions of required elements. The overall appearance is general, and major elements are missing.NRS-490-RS-Week 4 Literature Evaluation Table The overall appearance is generally neat, with a few minor flaws or missing elements. The work is well presented and includes all required elements. The overall appearance is neat and professional. 10.0 %Mechanics of Writing (includes spelling, punctuation, grammar, and language use) Surface errors are pervasive enough that they impede communication of meaning. Inappropriate word choice or sentence construction is employed.NRS-490-RS-Week 4 Literature Evaluation Table Frequent and repetitive mechanical errors distract the reader. Inconsistencies in language choice (register) or word choice are present. Sentence structure is correct but not varied. Some mechanical errors or typos are present, but they are not overly distracting to the reader. Correct and varied sentence structure and audience-appropriate language are employed.NRS-490-RS-Week 4 Literature Evaluation Table Prose is largely free of mechanical errors, although a few may be present. The writer uses a variety of effective sentence structures and figures of speech. The writer is clearly in command of standard, written, academic English. 5.0 %Documentation of Sources (citations, footnotes, references, bibliography, etc., as appropriate to assignment and style) Sources are not documented.NRS-490-RS-Week 4 Literature Evaluation Table Documentation of sources is inconsistent or incorrect, as appropriate to assignment and style, with numerous formatting errors. Sources are documented, as appropriate to assignment and style, although some formatting errors may be present.NRS-490-RS-Week 4 Literature Evaluation Table Sources are documented, as appropriate to assignment and style, and format is mostly correct. Sources are completely and correctly documented, as appropriate to assignment and style, and format is free of error. 100 %Total Weightage    Bottom of Form   Citation references for paper NRS-490-RS-Week 4 Literature Evaluation Table ReferencesBuerhaus, P., Skinner, L., Aurhach, D. &Staiger, D. (2017). Four challenges facing the nursing workforce in the United States. Journal of Nursing Regulation, 8(2), 40-46.Fencl, Jennifer L. “Guideline Implementation: Patient Information Management.” AORNJournal, vol. 104, no. 6, 2016, pp. 566–577., doi:10.1016/j.aorn.2016.09.020. Kurnat-Thorma, E., Ganger, M., Peterson, K. &Channell, L. (2017). Reducing Annual Hospital and Registered Nurse Staff Turnover—A 10-Element Onboarding Program Intervention. SAGE Open Nursing, 3. Retrieved from http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/full/10.1177/2377960817697712#articleCitationDownloadContainerMincer, J. (2017). Short on staff: nursing crisis strains U.S. hospitals. Retrieved from https://www.reuters.com/article/us-usa-healthcare-nursing/short-on-staff-nursing-crisis-strains-u-s-hospitals-idUSKBN1CP0BDRussell, J. (2016). Retirements, aging population cause nursing shortage. Retrieved from https://www.ibj.com/articles/57067-retirements-aging-population-cause-nursing-shortageSteelman, Victoria M., and Paula R. Graling. Top 10 Patient Safety Issues: What More Can We Do?  AORN Journal, vol. 97, no. 6, 2013, pp. 679-701., doi:10.101.1016/j.aorn.2013.04.012Twigg, D. (2014). Nurse retention: a review of strategies to create and enhance positive practice environments in clinical settings. International Journal of Nursing Studies, 51(1), 85-92.NRS-490-RS-Week 4 Literature Evaluation TableWalker, N. (2017). Embrace action: protect the future of nursing. AORN, 105(6), 535-537.  Addressing the Nursing Shortage. (2018, April 25). Retrieved fromhttp://www.rwjf.org/en/library/research/2005/01/cnf-addressing-the-nursing-shortage.html Scott, P. A., Matthews, A., & Kirwan, M. (2013). What is nursing in the 21st century andwhat does the 21st century health system require of nursing? Nursing               Philosophy, 15(1), 23-34. doi:10.1111/nup.12032 Macphee, M., Dahinten, V., &Havaei, F. (2017). The Impact of Heavy Perceived NurseWorkloads on Patient and Nurse Outcomes. Administrative Sciences, 7(1), 7. doi:10.3390/admsci7010007NRS-490-RS-Week 4 Literature Evaluation TableCho, E., Chin, D. L., Kim, S., & Hong, O. (2015). The Relationships of Nurse Staffing Level andWork Environment With Patient Adverse Events. Journal of Nursing Scholarship, 48(1), 74-82. doi:10.1111/jnu.12183 Bruyneel, L., Li, B., Ausserhofer, D., Lesaffre, E., Dumitrescu, I., Smith, H. L., Sermeus,(2015). Organization of Hospital Nursing, Provision of Nursing Care, and Patient Experiences With Care in Europe. Medical Care Research and Review, 72(6), 643-664. doi:10.1177/1077558715589188 Feldkamp, J. K. (2009). Implications of an Endless Nursing Shortage. Caring for theAges, 10(1), 16. doi:10.1016/s1526-4114(09)60024-x Chard, R. (2015). Financing a Perioperative Nursing Education Course. AORN Journal, 101(6),doi:10.1016/j.aorn.2015.04.003    Daly, T., Marshall, T., E., A., L., Dooling, E., M. (n.d.). NURSE Corps Loan RepaymentProgram. Retrieved March 18, 2018, from https://www.forgetstudentloandebt.com/student-loan-relief-programs/nursing-student-loan-forgiveness-programs/nurse-corps-loan-repayment-program/NRS-490-RS-Week 4 Literature Evaluation Table Nursing shortage affecting patient outcomesNursing workforce shortage is a source of concern in the US health industry. The concern arises from an increasing demand for nurses that is not matched by supply. The issues has been occasioned by an aging nurse workforce, more knowledgeable patient population whose expectations are rising, and increasing cost of healthcare(Buerhaus et al., 2017). The issue is further complicated by poor nurse retention figures that indicate likely worsening of the current issue and future demand. The reality is that nurse population in the US is significantly lower than the national population with unfavorable nurse-patient ratios (Kurnat-Thorma et al., 2017). As a result, low nurse populations in relation to patient population is a source of concern.NRS-490-RS-Week 4 Literature Evaluation TableAs statedearlier, the reality is that the US is facing a nursing shortage. As nursing education programs accept fewer students, nursing personnel approach the age of retirement, lack of nursing educators, and the Baby Boomers advance in age, the current nursing shortage is only anticipated to continue, if not worsen. This state of affairs has serious implication for medical facilities and nursing personnel within the workforce, but perhaps the more significant effect is felt by patient who require nursing care to facilitate their recuperation (Mincer, 2017; Russell, 2016). That is because nursing personnel are forced to work for longer hours and more shifts within a stressful environment, with the outcome that nurses report higher dissatisfaction levels, injury and fatigue incidences. The overworked nurses who operate in these stressful environments are more prone to causing medical errors and making mistakes. The unfortunate result is that patients’ care outcomes are negatively affected by preventable problems that include errors in managing medication, overcrowding in medical facilities, never events, and higher mortality rates (Walker, 2017). In this respect, nurses’ shortage results in unfavorable care outcomes for patients.NRS-490-RS-Week 4 Literature Evaluation TableTo address the issue of  the nursing shortage that has resulted in unfavorable patient outcomes, three strategies are proposed. The three strategies are intended to improve retention efforts since they support practicing nurses. The first strategy is to build leadership capacity. This would encourage nurses to engaged in innovation, research activities, and support all decisions with evidence to improve their efficiency so that fewer nurses handle more patients without negatively affecting care outcomes. A clear example of this intervention is to initiate a perioperative program for surgical nurses to proactively intervene to mitigate risks for the top perioperative safety issues (Steelman & Graling 2013).  The second strategy is to improve retention by supporting nurses in the workplace (to include offering them counselling services) and encouraging them to make early career preparations through balancing workplace demand and competence. This would ensure that each nurses works where he or she is required since responsibilities are matched to education, experience and expectations. The third strategy is to improve productivity through innovation in the workplace. This would address the existing organizational and managerial shortcomings as well as barriers inherent in the health industry that halt innovation (Twigg, 2014). For instance, using population demographics to determined nurse staffing decisions and management decisions.Another example, is an innovative approach from management that provides for acceptable documentation practices as in AORN evidence based practices can reduce errors and reduce negative patient outcomes ( Fencl, 2016).NRS-490-RS-Week 4 Literature Evaluation TableThe PICOT question to address this issue has been presented as: ‘among patients receiving nursing care (P), can optimizing nurse-patient ratios (I) versus not addressing nurse’s shortage (C) improve patients’ outcomes (O) over a period of three months (T)? Presenting this question into the five PICOT elements takes the form of firstly (P), targeting patients of all ages receiving nursing care as the population of interest. Secondly (I), optimizing nurse-patient ratios so that more trained nurses care for the patients. Thirdly (C), comparison with nurse shortages. Fourthly (O), the desired outcome that sees improved patient outcomes. Finally (T), the desired outcome being observed for the next three months after the start of the intervention.P (population) –Patients receiving nursing careI (intervention) –Optimizing nurse-patient ratiosC (comparison) – Versus not addressing nurses shortageO (outcome) –Improve patients’ outcomesT (time) – Positive results expected to occur within three months of the program startingIn conclusion the nursing shortage does have a negative impact on patient outcomes.The application of strategies will improve patient outcomes relative to the nursing shortage.Additionally, the PICOT approach will be instrumental in the research of the nursing shortageand its implications to patient outcomes.NRS-490-RS-Week 4 Literature Evaluation Table  ReferencesBuerhaus, P., Skinner, L., Aurhach, D. & Staiger, D. (2017). Four challenges facing the nursing workforce in the United States. Journal of Nursing Regulation, 8(2), 40-46.Fencl, Jennifer L. “Guideline Implementation: Patient Information Management.” AORNJournal, vol. 104, no. 6, 2016, pp. 566–577., doi:10.1016/j.aorn.2016.09.020. Kurnat-Thorma, E., Ganger, M., Peterson, K. & Channell, L. (2017). Reducing Annual Hospital and Registered Nurse Staff Turnover—A 10-Element Onboarding Program Intervention. SAGE Open Nursing, 3. Retrieved from http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/full/10.1177/2377960817697712#articleCitationDownloadContainerMincer, J. (2017). Short on staff: nursing crisis strains U.S. hospitals. Retrieved from https://www.reuters.com/article/us-usa-healthcare-nursing/short-on-staff-nursing-crisis-strains-u-s-hospitals-idUSKBN1CP0BDRussell, J. (2016). Retirements, aging population cause nursing shortage. Retrieved from https://www.ibj.com/articles/57067-retirements-aging-population-cause-nursing-shortageSteelman, Victoria M., and Paula R. Graling. Top 10 Patient Safety Issues: What More Can We Do?  AORN Journal, vol. 97, no. 6, 2013, pp. 679-701., doi:10.101.1016/j.aorn.2013.04.012NRS-490-RS-Week 4 Literature Evaluation TableTwigg, D. (2014). Nurse retention: a review of strategies to create and enhance positive practice environments in clinical settings. International Journal of Nursing Studies, 51(1), 85-92.Walker, N. (2017). Embrace action: protect the future of nursing. AORN, 105(6), 535-537.NRS-490-RS-Week 4 Literature Evaluation Table

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