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How to Formulate a PICOT Question?

How to Formulate a PICOT Question?How to Formulate a PICOT Question?Whether they’re finishing advanced studies in nursing school or working in a professional clinical setting, registered nurses (RNs) begin their research queries using an evidence-based practice framework developed from a well-constructed PICOT question.The word PICOT is a mnemonic derived from the elements of a clinical research question  patient, intervention, comparison, outcome and (sometimes) time. The PICOT process begins with a case scenario, and the question is phrased to elicit an answer.The question needs to identify the patient or population we intend to study, the intervention or treatment we plan to use, the comparison of one intervention to another (if applicable) and the outcome we anticipate,” Kathy A. Jensen, MHA, RN, wrote in EBSCO Health’s whitepaper, “7 Steps To The Perfect Pico Search.” “Once a well-structured question is formulated, researchers will be in a better position to search the literature for evidence that will support their original PICO question.How to Formulate a PICOT Question?ORDER A PLAGIARISM-FREE PAPER HEREFor RNs who are training in a doctor of nursing practice (DNP) program, including an online DNP program, learning how to develop a comprehensive PICOT question is essential to nurse manager competencies. DNP students study PICOT question examples to determine the best process for crafting a question and finding an answer.Learning the PICOT ProcessThe PICOT process generally begins with a vague clinical query. Each element of the process helps develop a well-structured question. Once established, researchers can search for evidence that will help answer the inquiry.The elements of a PICOT question are:P (Patient, population or problem)Who or what is the patient, population or problem in question?I (Intervention)What is the intervention (action or treatment) being considered?C (Comparison or control)What other interventions should be considered?O (Outcome or objective)What is the desired or expected outcome or objective?T (Time frame)How long will it take to reach the desired outcome?Using the PICOT process helps develop a careful and thoughtful question that makes the search for evidence easier, the University of Oxford’s world-renowned Centre for Evidence-Based Medicine said.How to Formulate a PICOT Question?The well-formed question makes it relatively straightforward to elicit and combine the appropriate terms needed to represent your need for information in the query language of whichever searching service is available to you,” the University of Oxford author said. “Once you have formed the question using the PICO structure, you can think about what type of question it is you are asking, and therefore what type of research would provide the best answer.Steps on how formulate a picot questionIn developing a PICOT question, researchers must identify a need or a reason for the study. In the EBSCO Health whitepaper, the general example used is this: A committee decides to conduct a case study to determine whether postoperative gum chewing for abdominal surgery patients can prevent postoperative ileus (lack of intestinal movement).With the scenario in mind, researchers use seven steps to the PICOT search:Formulate the PICOT question in general terms: Based on the EBSCO Health example, the research question would be, “In patients recovering from abdominal surgery, is there evidence that suggests gum-chewing postoperatively, compared to not chewing gum, impacts postoperative ileus?”Identify the keywords for the PICOT mnemonic:P – Patients recovering from abdominal surgeryI – Gum chewingC – Not chewing gumO – Impacts post-operative ileusPlan the search strategy: With the question in mind, researchers consider which databases and other search sites they might use to find information and answers. Researchers use strategies to maximize their search terms such as looking up synonyms and phrases that mean the same thing.Execute a search: At first, researchers search each PICOT element individually. For example, when researching patients recovering from abdominal surgery, use the search terms “abdominal surgery,” but also consider the search terms “recovery and postoperative.”Refine the results: Narrow the search results by limiting the works to pertinent content, such as articles from peer-reviewed journals or research documents.How to Formulate a PICOT Question?Review the content: Review the research results to establish if they have the necessary information to answer the PICOT question.Determine if research results meet standards: After reviewing the research results, determine whether they provide the best available evidence.After the PICOT question is constructed and researched, the information garnered is used to determine which type of study is most appropriate. Study types include meta-analysis, systematic review, randomized controlled trial, cohort study, case-control study and case report.The actual search for high-quality clinical research evidence can be overwhelming to many, Jensen said in the EBSCO Health whitepaper. By utilizing the PICO format, the search process will be streamlined and will yield the best available evidence to support clinical decisions and explore alternative treatments and procedures.PICOT questionsFor comatose patients with 65 years and above (P), can the hearing and memory loss (I) be accelerated by old age (C), and can nurses interactions and explaining what they are doing to improve the condition, (O) during the coma period (T)? KeywordsStimuliHearingBreathingGlasgow coma scaleElectrophysiological  ANNOTED BIBLIOGRAPHY CitationNayeri, N. D., Esmaeili, M., Farsi, Z., & Chenari, H. A. (2020). Taking care of experiences of improved comatose patients with traumatic brain injury and their families. Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care, 9(9), 4815.Summary of the article:How to Formulate a PICOT Question?The report addresses a qualitative content analysis conducted by conducting 16 interviews on 14 participants to assess the relationship between a coma and a traumatic brain injury (TBI). The stated purpose was to examine and describe the caretaking experiences of the patients with coma and the family members during and after any treatment. As a qualitative research study, the research approach mainly involved the consideration of the qualitative data that the participants would give and the effects of the issues they go through. In this study, the researchers selected improved TBI patients and family members to participate in the study’s completion. The participants were purposefully selected to ensure that the data collected was quality. They were offered interviews that sought to assess their recovery rate and how coma had impacted their overall wellbeing. From the data offered in this study, four main themes revolve around the condition and the effect of the patients’ conditions. Issues such as crisis, comprehensive support, unprofessional care and communication are the key factors influencing patient satisfaction. The conclusion that the researchers in this study drew was that patients and families are likely to experience a crisis during their stay in the hospital and after being discharged. Family and social support offered to the patients enable them to get psychological wellbeing to overcome most issues. Medical staff need to be very careful when addressing patients’ needs because their actions may change the patients’ overall health outcome and experience. Additionally, the health providers need to understand that their actions may directly influence the patient outcome based on their actions when sharing any form of information with them. The failure to consider this may affect the patient experience.How to Formulate a PICOT Question?Evaluation:(a) Critical analysis – the quality of evidence:Rank: Level 5Strengths – the use of peer-reviewed journals to support evidence, subsectional studyWeaknesses – participants were purposefully selected(b) RelevanceThis study is relevant to the topic because it examines the effects of medical practitioners’ interventions on patients’ quality of health outcomes. From the findings that the researchers in this study found after completing the study, it is worth noting that the role of nurses and their actions to integrate strategies that may encourage positive interactions with the patients may play an essential role in improving the patient outcome. Additionally, this article encourages collaboration with the patients despite their physical wellbeing.CitationNayeri, N. D., Esmaeili, M., Farsi, Z., & Chenari, H. A. (2020). Taking care of experiences of improved comatose patients with traumatic brain injury and their families. Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care, 9(9), 4815.Summary of the article:The report addresses a qualitative content analysis conducted by conducting 16 interviews on 14 participants to assess the relationship between a coma and a traumatic brain injury (TBI). The stated purpose was to examine and describe the caretaking experiences of the patients with coma and the family members during and after any treatment. As a qualitative research study, the research approach mainly involved the consideration of the qualitative data that the participants would give and the effects of the issues they go through. In this study, the researchers selected improved TBI patients and family members to participate in the study’s completion. The participants were purposefully selected to ensure that the data collected was quality. They were offered interviews that sought to assess their recovery rate and how coma had impacted their overall wellbeing.How to Formulate a PICOT Question? From the data offered in this study, four main themes revolve around the condition and the effect of the patients’ conditions. Issues such as crisis, comprehensive support, unprofessional care and communication are the key factors influencing patient satisfaction. The conclusion that the researchers in this study drew was that patients and families are likely to experience a crisis during their stay in the hospital and after being discharged. Family and social support offered to the patients enable them to get psychological wellbeing to overcome most issues. Medical staff need to be very careful when addressing patients’ needs because their actions may change the patients’ overall health outcome and experience. Additionally, the health providers need to understand that their actions may directly influence the patient outcome based on their actions when sharing any form of information with them. The failure to consider this may affect the patient experience.How to Formulate a PICOT Question?Evaluation:· Critical analysis – the quality of evidence:· RelevanceRank: Level 5Strengths – the use of peer-reviewed journals to support evidence, subsectional studyWeaknesses – participants were purposefully selectedThis study is relevant to the topic because it examines the effects of medical practitioners’ interventions on patients’ quality of health outcomes. From the findings that the researchers in this study found after completing the study, it is worth noting that the role of nurses and their actions to integrate strategies that may encourage positive interactions with the patients may play an essential role in improving the patient outcome. Additionally, this article encourages collaboration with the patients despite their physical wellbeing.she asked us to do PICOT and annoted bilbliograpghy20 hours agoPICOT questionsFor comatose patients with 65 years and above (P), can the hearing and memory loss (I) be accelerated by old age (C), and can nurses interactions and explaining what they are doing to improve the condition, (O)during the coma period (T)?KeywordsStimuliHearingBreathingGlasgow coma scaleHow to Formulate a PICOT Question?Electrophysiological PICOT questionsFor comatose patients with 65 years and above (P), can the hearing and memory loss (I) be accelerated by old age (C), and can nurses interactions and explaining what they are doing to improve the condition, (O)during the coma period (T)?KeywordsStimuliHearingBreathingGlasgow coma scaleThe REPORT is to be a scholarly review of the evidence related to a clinical question developed by the student.It is worth 15% of the course grade.· The clinical question will be submitted for approval by the course instructor prior to the topic being written on.· IT r will be evaluated for correct grammar, spelling, writing mechanics, and APA forma is to be 10-12 pages in length, not including Title page and References.· The REPORT will include a title page, introduction, review of evidence, recommendations for practice, conclusion, and reference page.It will NOT include an abstract or table of contents.How to Formulate a PICOT Question?· Sources: There must be at least 5 peer-reviewed journal sources.Secondary sources, such as systematic reviews and meta-analyses may be used, but can only account for 2 of the 5 sources.You may use a text currently in use at SNU School of Nursing for background information, but it will not count as one of the required references.Wikipedia, dictionaries, general newsREPORTs are not considered to be scholarly sources; they should be used very cautiously and will not count as part of the required number of references.How to Formulate a PICOT Question?CitationNayeri, N. D., Esmaeili, M., Farsi, Z., & Chenari, H. A. (2020). Taking care of experiences of improved comatose patients with traumatic brain injury and their families. Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care, 9(9), 4815.Summary of the article:The report addresses a qualitative content analysis conducted by conducting 16 interviews on 14 participants to assess the relationship between a coma and a traumatic brain injury (TBI). The stated purpose was to examine and describe the caretaking experiences of the patients with coma and the family members during and after any treatment. As a qualitative research study, the research approach mainly involved the consideration of the qualitative data that the participants would give and the effects of the issues they go through. In this study, the researchers selected improved TBI patients and family members to participate in the study’s completion. The participants were purposefully selected to ensure that the data collected was quality. They were offeredinterviews that sought to assess their recovery rate and how coma had impacted their overall wellbeing. From the data offered in this study, four main themes revolve around the condition and the effect of the patients’ conditions. Issues such as crisis, comprehensive support, unprofessional care and communication are the key factors influencing patient satisfaction. The conclusion that the researchers in this study drew was that patients and families are likely to experience a crisis during their stay in the hospital and after being discharged. Family and social support offered to the patients enable them to get psychological wellbeing to overcome most issues. Medical staff need to be very careful when addressing patients’ needs because their actions may change the patients’ overall health outcome and experience. Additionally, the health providers need to understand that their actions may directly influence the patient outcome based on their actions when sharing any form of information with them. The failure to consider this may affect the patient experience.How to Formulate a PICOT Question?Evaluation:· Critical analysis – the quality of evidence:· RelevanceRank: Level 5Strengths – the use of peer-reviewed journals to support evidence, subsectional studyWeaknesses – participants were purposefully selectedThis study is relevant to the topic because it examines the effects of medical practitioners’ interventions on patients’ quality of health outcomes. From the findings that the researchers in this study found after completing the study, it is worth noting that the role of nurses and their actions to integrate strategies that may encourage positive interactions with the patients may play an essential role in improving the patient outcome. Additionally, this article encourages collaboration with the patients despite their physical wellbeing.she asked us to do PICOT and annoted bilbliograpghy20 hours agoPICOT questionsFor comatose patients with 65 years and above (P), can the hearing and memory loss (I) be accelerated by old age (C), and can nurses interactions and explaining what they are doing to improve the condition, (O)during the coma period (T)?How to Formulate a PICOT Question?KeywordsStimuliHearingBreathingGlasgow coma scaleElectro physiologicalPICOT questionsFor comatose patients with 65 years and above (P), can the hearing and memory loss (I) be accelerated by old age (C), and can nurses interactions and explaining what they are doing to improve the condition, (O)during the coma period (T)?KeywordsStimuliHearingBreathingGlasgow coma scale errors – 2Occasional errors – 3Minimal errors – 412 PGS without reference REPORTThe REPORT is to be a scholarly review of the evidence related to a clinical question developed by the student.It is worth 15% of the course grade.· The clinical question will be submitted for approval by the course instructor prior to the topic being written on.· The REPORT will be evaluated for correct grammar, spelling, writing mechanics, and APA format· The REPORT is to be 10-12 pages in length, not including Title page and References.How to Formulate a PICOT Question?· The REPORT will include a title page, introduction, review of evidence, recommendations for practice, conclusion, and reference page.It will NOT include an abstract or table of contents.· Sources: There must be at least 5 peer-reviewed journal sources.Secondary sources, such as systematic reviews and meta-analyses may be used, but can only account for 2 of the 5 sources.You may use a text currently in use at SNU School of Nursing for background information, but it will not count as one of the required references.Wikipedia, dictionaries, general newsREPORTs are not considered to be scholarly sources; they should be used very cautiously and will not count as part of the required number of references.Summary of the article:The report addresses a qualitative content analysis conducted by conducting 16 interviews on 14 participants to assess the relationship between a coma and a traumatic brain injury (TBI). The stated purpose was to examine and describe the caretaking experiences of the patients with coma and the family members during and after any treatment. As a qualitative research study, the research approach mainly involved the consideration of the qualitative data that the participants would give and the effects of the issues they go through. In this study, the researchers selected improved TBI patients and family members to participate in the study’s completion. The participants were purposefully selected to ensure that the data collected was quality. They were offered interviews that sought to assess their recovery rate and how coma had impacted their overall wellbeing. From the data offered in this study, four main themes revolve around the condition and the effect of the patients’ conditions. Issues such as crisis, comprehensive support, unprofessional care and communication are the key factors influencing patient satisfaction. The conclusion that the researchers in this study drew was that patients and families are likely to experience a crisis during their stay in the hospital and after being discharged. Family and social support offered to the patients enable them to get psychological wellbeing to overcome most issues. Medical staff need to be very careful when addressing patients’ needs because their actions may change the patients’ overall health outcome and experience. Additionally, the health providers need to understand that their actions may directly influence the patient outcome based on their actions when sharing any form of information with them. The failure to consider this may affect the patient experience.Evaluation:· Critical analysis – the quality of evidence:· RelevanceRank: Level 5Strengths – the use of peer-reviewed journals to support evidence, subsectional studyWeaknesses – participants were purposefully selectedThis study is relevant to the topic because it examines the effects of medical practitioners’ interventions on patients’ quality of health outcomes. From the findings that the researchers in this study found after completing the study, it is worth noting that the role of nurses and their actions to integrate strategies that may encourage positive interactions with the patients may play an essential role in improving the patient outcome. Additionally, this article encourages collaboration with the patients despite their physical wellbeing.she asked us to do PICOT and annoted bilbliograpghy20 hours agoPICOT questionsFor comatose patients with 65 years and above (P), can the hearing and memory loss (I) be accelerated by old age (C), and can nurses interactions and explaining what they are doing to improve the condition, (O)during the coma period (T)?How to Formulate a PICOT Question?KeywordsStimuliHearingBreathingGlasgow coma scaleElectrophysiologicalPICOT questionsFor comatose patients with 65 years and above (P), can the hearing and memory loss (I) be accelerated by old age (C), and can nurses interactions and explaining what they are doing to improve the condition, (O)during the coma period (T)?KeywordsStimuliHearingBreathingHow to Formulating a PICOT Question?

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